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Hozomeen Mountain is a double-summited rock peak on the east side of Ross Lakemarker in the North Cascades of Washingtonmarker. Despite its low absolute elevation, it is notable for the large, steep drops from both of its summits to the surrounding terrain.

The name "Hozomeen" is derived from Salish, a geographically broad language group of the indigenous bands of southern British Columbia and northern Washington State. The name appeared on a sketch map prepared for members of the first boundary survey of the 49th parallel, ca. 1857-1860, designating the name of the mountain. The map was drawn by Thiusoloc, one of surveyor and topographer Henry Custer's Salish guides, and like other geographic features labeled on the map, it recorded Salish place names. According to Annie York, a native Salish speaker, "Hozomeen" refers to "sharp, like a sharp knife." and links the name to the ca. 9,000 year long tradition of indigenous use of Hozomeen chert (a flint-like mineral) to make a variety of subsistence and hunting tools.

Hozomeen North Peak (the main summit) was first climbed in 1904 by Sledge Tatum and George E. Loudon, Jr. of the Boundary Survey, from the northeast. Other routes exist on the South Ridge and Southwest Buttress.

Hozomeen South Peak, elevation 8,003 feet (2,439 m), lies approximately 1 mile southeast of the higher North Peak. It was first climbed on May 30, 1947 by Fred Beckey, Melvin Marcus, Jerry O'Neil, Ken Prestrud, Herb Staley, and Charles Welsh, via the Southwest Route.While lower than the North Peak, it has a north face which is "almost completely vertical for 1,000 feet."

Hozomeen Mountain is also mentioned often in the latter portions of Jack Kerouac's 1958 novel The Dharma Bums, when the protagonist is stationed at a fire lookout on nearby Desolation Peak. A rhyme in the novel goes "Hozomeen, Hozomeen, the most beautiful mountain I've ever seen".

See also


  1. H. Majors, 1984, "First Crossing of the Pickett Range", Northwest Discovery 5(21):4-9).
  2. G.P.V. Akrigg and H. Akrigg, 1986, British Columbia Place Names.
  3. R. Mierendorf, 1993, Chert Procurement in the Upper Skagit River Valley of the Northern Cascade Range, Ross Lake National Recreation Area, Washingnton, North Cascades National Park Service Complex, Sedro Woolley.
  4. Fred Beckey, Cascade Alpine Guide Volume 3, The Mountaineers, 1995.
  5. Canadian Mountain Encyclopedia entry
  6. CME photo essay

External links

View from Hozomeen Lake

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