The main landmark of Hsinchu is its
Remnants of the old moat surrounding the walled city also
Hsinchu City ( ) is a city
in northern Taiwan.
A street in downtown Hsinchu
Hsinchu is popularly nicknamed "The Windy City" ( ) for its windy
City is administered as a special municipality within Taiwan (ROC). The city is bordered by Hsinchu County to the north and east, Miaoli County to the south, and the Taiwan Strait to the west.
Hsinchu City is composed of
three districts: North District, East District, and Xiangshan District
1626, after Spain occupied
northern Taiwan, Spanish missionaries
arrived at Tek-khàm (竹塹; sm: zhúqiàn), where the Taokas Taiwanese aborigines lived.
Dynasty, it was renamed Hsinchu.
In the 21st year of
's Regime, Hsinchu Sub Office was
established, responsible for independent administration on June 24.
In June of the 24th Year of Kuang Hsu's Regime, it altered its
local official system again. Hsinchu County was abolished. It was
then under the administration of Hsinchu Administration Office,
. On November 11, 27th
Year of Kuang Hsu's Regime, it established the Hsinchu Office. In
1920, under Japanese
, Hsinchu Street was established, with the founding of
Hsinchu Street District Office. In 1930, the city system was
applied. It was renamed as Hsinchu City, under the governing of
Hsinchu-Chou, with the establishment of Hsinchu City Office. In
1941, its administration district was expanded, merging with
Xiangshan and Qiu Kang, and became a part of Liu Jia Zhuang.
In 1945 the incoming Kuomintang
Chinese Nationalists) established the Hsinchu City Government to
govern Hsinchu-Chou. In 1946
, the Take Over
Committee dissolved and Hsinchu County Government was formed.
Hsinchu County Government was moved to Taoyuan
. As the administrative districts were
readjusted, it became a Provincially governed city, using the
original Chou office as its legal office, with seven district
offices. In February of the same year, representative congress was
formed in every district. On April 15 the City Congress was formed.
Provincial Representatives were elected from the city legislators,
to become legislative bodies of different levels. On August 16,
1950, the administrative districts in Taiwan were re-adjusted once
more, demarcating 16 counties and 5 provincially governed
1982, under the President's order, the Xiangshan Township of
County would merge into Hsinchu City, and the new entity
would become a special munisipality.
The new government of
Hsinchu was legally established on July 1, 1982, with 103 lis, and
1635 lins. The City Government is located on 120 Chung Cheng Road,
the former Hsinchu-Chou Office.
In end of June 1983, there were three Bureaus (Civil Service,
Public Works, and Education), four Departments (Finance, Social
Welfare, Compulsory Military Service, and Land Affairs), four
offices (Secretary, Planning, Personnel, and Auditing), and 49
sections (units, teams) under the City Government's organization to
provide services for various urban affairs. Affiliate institutions
include the Police Department, Tax Department, and Medicine and
By the end of 1982, the city was classified into east, north and
Xiangshan districts. The east, north and Xiangshan district
administration offices were posted on October 1 and then they were
formally established on November 1 in the same year.
From 1994 to 1999, as Taiwan made its transition from authoritarian
rule to modern democracy
and the mostly
pro forma provincial level of
began to be dissolved, regulations were established
for formal Hsinchu City self-government. A deputy mayor, consumer
officer, and three consultants were added to the city government.
In 2002 the city added a Bureau of Labor and transferred the
business of the Compulsory Military Service to the Department of
The city is the base for high technology industry in Taiwan.
and Technology Industrial Park is home to 360 high tech companies including
TSMC, Philips, United Microelectronics
Corporation, Holtek, AU Optronics and Epistar.
As a result, the city has the
highest income level in Taiwan.
The purpose of the park is to attract high tech investment to
Taiwan and to make the area the economic center for the information
industry. The park is designed to cater for high quality R&D,
production, work, life and also recreation. From its establishment
in 1978, the government has invested over NT$30 billion on software
and hardware ventures. In 2001, it developed 2.5km2 of land in the
Park and 0.5km2 in southern Hsinchu, attracting 312 high-tech
companies' investments. Viewing the performance of Hsinchu Science
and Industrial Park in the past 21 years, it can be said that it
holds a decisive position in the economic development in Taiwan,
with international acclaim.
Although the semi-conductor and related electronic businesses have
been doing well, they face fierce competition from Japan, Korea,
the United States and Singapore. This has resulted in lower profits
and over-supply of some electronic products such as memory and
semi-conductors. Therefore manufacturers, government, academia, and
the R&D sectors all recognize the challenges faced by Taiwan's
high-tech development. The government has endeavored to upgrade
Hsinchu Science Park into a global manufacturing and R&D center
of high-end products. They also plan to intensify the cooperation
among the manufacturing, academic, and research sectors by
introducing incubation centers, in order to elevate the
technological standard in the park. Further, through the
development of the northern, central, and southern industrial park
and its satellite sites, it hopes to sow the seeds of high tech
business in all of Taiwan, leading to a vigorous era of high tech
National Hsinchu University of
National Tsing Hua University
National Chiao Tung University
International and American Schools (grade school and secondary
Colleges & Universities
|Chenghuang Temple Night Market
||Most of the old stands in Cheng-huang Temple are of
50-years-old history, the famous snacks here are Hsin-chu meat
balls, pork balls, spring rolls, braised pork rice, cuttlefish
thick soup, rice noodles, and cow tongue shaped cakes
||Cheng-huang Temple and fa-lian shrine square
quote from Tourism Bureau, MOTC, R.O.C.
- Chi Cheng, the Olympic medalist in
track & field.
- Yuan T. Lee, the 1986 Nobel Prize laureate in
- John Chiang, Taiwanese
- Lin Cho-liang, Taiwanese American
- Hebe Tien, singer, actress, host and
member of Taiwanese pop group S.H.E
- David Wu, member of the U.S. House of Representatives for
the state of Oregon since
- Cyndi Wang, Singer
- Chen Qiaoen, Singer, actress, 7F
is marine tropical
. The city is located in a part of
the island that has a rainy season that lasts from February to
September, with the heaviest time coming late April through August
during the southwest monsoon
, and also
in May and early
June. The city succumbs to hot humid weather from June until
September, while October to December are arguably the most pleasant
times of year. Hsinchu is affected by easterly winds off of the
. Natural hazards such as
are common in the region.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Hsinchu is twinned
- Richland, Washington
State, United States of America
- Cupertino, State of
States of America
- Plano, State of Texas, United States of America
- Cary, State of
North Carolina, United
States of America
- Beaverton, State of
Oregon, United States of America
- Okayama, Okayama, Japan