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Metro-North Railroad's Hudson Line is a commuter rail line running north from New York Citymarker along the east shore of the Hudson River. Metro-North service ends at Poughkeepsiemarker, with Amtrak's Empire Corridor trains continuing north to and beyond Albanymarker. The line was originally the Hudson River Railroad (and the Spuyten Duyvil and Port Morris Railroad south of Spuyten Duyvilmarker), and later part of the famous Water Level Route of the New York Central Railroad.

The Croton-Harmon stationmarker divides the two segments of the line. South of there, it is electrified, with a third rail, where it serves suburban stations located more closely together. Most of the electrified zone is served by four tracks, usually two express and two local tracks in each direction. In some sections, there are only three tracks.

North of Croton-Harmon, the line is mostly double-tracked, with a few three-track areas. The diesel trains that run to the more separated stops between Croton-Harmon and Poughkeepsie are generally express routes that skip most of the lower stations. From just north of Spuyten Duyvilmarker to the end of the line, the Hudson Line is shared with Amtrak's various routes up the river.

Since the tracks continue north of Poughkeepsie, there have, over the years, been various proposals from both the MTA (Metro-North's parent agency), to extend service northwards. Most have been scotched after strong opposition from residents of northern Dutchess Countymarker, who fear the effect on their still largely-rural communities that being within an easy rail commute of midtown Manhattan would have. However, Poughkeepsie-area commuters have supported such plans since they would ease pressure on that station. As recently as January 2007, supervisors of some towns north of Poughkeepsie have expressed new interest in extending rail service. [178441]


The Metropolitan Transportation Authority leased the line south of Poughkeepsie from Penn Central on June 1, 1972. [178442]

Station stops

(All stations are in New York State)
Milepost Station Connections
Manhattanmarker 0.0 Grand Central Terminalmarker NYC Transit: 4, 5, 6, 7, 42 Street Shuttle, M42, M101, M102, M103, M104
4.2 Harlem-125th Streetmarker NYC Transit: 4, 5, 6, M35, M60, M100, M101, Bx15
Manhattanmarker/Bronxmarker border
Bronxmarker Yankees-E.marker 153rd Streetmarker NYC Transit: 4, B, D, Bx1, Bx2, Bx6, Bx13
Highbridge Facilitymarker Metro-North employees only
8.1 Morris Heightsmarker NYC Transit: Bx18, Bx40, Bx42
8.7 University Heightsmarker NYC Transit: Bx12 Select Bus Service
9.8 Marble Hillmarker NYC Transit: 1, Bx7, Bx9, Bx20
11.1 Spuyten Duyvilmarker Hudson Rail Link
13.0 Riverdalemarker Hudson Rail Link
Bronxmarker/Westchester Countymarker border
Yonkersmarker 14.3 Ludlowmarker Bee-Line: 32
15.1 Yonkersmarker Bee-Line: 6, 9, 25, 32
New York Water Taxi
16.2 Glenwoodmarker
17.8 Greystonemarker
Hastings-on-Hudsonmarker 19.5 Hastings-on-Hudson
Dobbs Ferrymarker 20.7 Dobbs Ferrymarker Bee-Line: 66
Irvingtonmarker 21.7 Ardsley-on-Hudsonmarker
22.7 Irvingtonmarker
Tarrytownmarker 25.2 Tarrytownmarker Tappan Zee Express, Bee-Line: 1T, 13, T
Sleepy Hollowmarker 26.5 Philipse Manormarker
Scarboroughmarker 29.5 Scarboroughmarker
Ossining 30.8 Ossiningmarker Bee-Line: 13, 19
Haverstraw-Ossining Ferry
Croton-on-Hudsonmarker 33.2 Croton-Harmonmarker Bee-Line: 10, 11, 14
Electrified rail ends northbound, begins southbound
Cortlandt Manormarker 38.4 Cortlandtmarker Bee-Line: 14
Peekskillmarker 41.2 Peekskillmarker Bee-Line: 16, 18, 31
Westchester Countymarker/Putnam Countymarker border
Manitoumarker 46.0 Manitoumarker
Garrisonmarker 49.9 Garrisonmarker
Cold Springmarker 52.5 Cold Springmarker
Putnam Countymarker/Dutchess Countymarker border
Town of Fishkillmarker 55.0 Breakneck Ridgemarker
Beaconmarker 59.0 Beaconmarker Dutchess LOOP: 3, 3B, 41
Leprechaun Lines: Newburgh-Beacon Shuttle
Newburgh-Beacon Ferry

New Hamburgmarker 65.0 New Hamburgmarker Dutchess LOOP: 31, 32
Poughkeepsiemarker 73.5 Poughkeepsiemarker Dutchess LOOP: 11, 12, 21, 22
City of Poughkeepsie Transit: Main Street, Shoppers' Special
UCAT/Arthur F.

Mulligan: Ulster-Poughkeepsie LINK
Short Line Bus: X32N
Trailways of New York: Newburgh-Kingston service

Line continues northward as CSX's Hudson Subdivision

Line description

Despite its name, the Hudson Line does not reach the river until it has gone 11 miles (18 km) and six stations from Grand Centralmarker. Once along the river, however, the view is nearly constant, with it visible much of the way to Poughkeepsie. It is one of the more scenic routes of any commuter train.

Manhattan and the Bronx

Once past 125th Streetmarker and over the Harlem Rivermarker, the Hudson Line departs from the track shared with the Harlem and New Haven lines, passing first Yankees-E.marker 153rd Streetmarker, the first real station, which offers convenient access to the lower Bronx and Yankee Stadiummarker. After it is the employee-only Highbridgemarker stop as it follows the river northward and, at first, the Major Deegan Expressway.

Marble Hill, technically in Manhattan despite being on the mainland, is an express stop and sees quite a bit of traffic since it offers an easy transfer to the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway at the Marble Hill–225th Streetmarker station. The subway is elevated over Broadwaymarker at this point. With the MNRR tracks down by the river requiring those detraining to climb stairs to street level, it is a rare instance where a commuter rail line is below a subway in elevation at a station or station where transfers are possible.
A short curve away brings the trains to Spuyten Duyvilmarker and its far lengther stairs to the street. Just past the station, the track rejoins the original Hudson River Railroad, shared with Amtrak, and after one more stop at Riverdalemarker is out of the city.

Westchester County

Tarrytown station on the Hudson Line
The Palisadesmarker present themselves across the river as trains pass through the city of Yonkersmarker and its four stops, mostly local. Some express trains do stop at the recently-renovated Yonkersmarker station, the first where a transfer to Amtrak (northbound only) is possible.

Smaller, local-only suburban stations are passed as the Tappan Zee Bridgemarker looms to the north and the river widens. Finally, between Ardsleymarker and Tarrytownmarker, it passes overhead. Rockland Countymarker fades to almost three miles (4.8 km) away across Haverstraw Baymarker. But after passing through Sing Singmarker prison, the train reaches Ossiningmarker, where a ferry brings travelers across the wide river.

Electric trains end their runs one stop beyond, at Croton-Harmonmarker, a sprawling, modern terminal shared again with Amtrak just south of Harmon Yard and east of Croton Pointmarker. The tracks veer inland, closely following US 9, to the next and newest stop, Cortlandtmarker, the only non-New York City station on the line where the Hudson River cannot be seen.

It reappears dramatically at Peekskillmarker, the last stop in the county, where the Bear Mountain Bridgemarker can be seen to the north.

Putnam and Dutchess Counties

North of Peekskill the river abruptly narrows as the Hudson Highlands begin. Dunderbergmarker and Bearmarker mountains can be seen across the river. The train passes through two short tunnels, one under the Bear Mountain Bridgemarker abutment. Putnam Countymarker's first station, Manitoumarker, is a flag stop serving a small hamlet. Just north of Garrisonmarker, there is another tunnel and then a wide panorama of the stone buildings of West Pointmarker; the quaint riverside village of Cold Springmarker is the next stop, last in the county.

The Dutchess Countymarker line is crossed in a pair of 842-foot (257 m) tunnels under Breakneck Ridgemarker at Breakneck Point; across the river Storm Kingmarker looms. The Breakneck Ridge flag stopmarker marks the end of the Highlands as the river once again broadens around Newburgh Bay. At Beaconmarker, a stop that has become more popular since the opening of the Dia:Beacon art museum nearby, ferry service is available during peak hours to Newburghmarker, whose skyline dominates the view across the river, and shortly after leaving the train passes under the Newburgh-Beacon Bridge.

Just upriver is New Hamburgmarker, a hamlet of the Town of Poughkeepsie and a station closed in the NYCRR days but eventually reopened. The last 8.5 miles to Poughkeepsie's ornate, recently renovated station, highlighted by the vast Tilcon quarry, is the longest distance between any two stations on a Metro-North main line.

Rolling stock

Electric service from and to Croton-Harmon uses the standard M3 and M7 multiple units also seen on the Metro-North Harlem Line and the Long Island Rail Road. 30 M1s remain in use, and can also appear in service on the Hudson line. Diesel trains are headed by Genesis P32AC-DMs. Since turning the locomotives around at either end of the line would be extremely cumbersome and time-consuming, trains use push-pull operation, with the locomotive usually on the north end of the train. They usually pull/push six or seven Shoreliner passenger cars, with a cab car at the southern end of the train.

The Genesis locomotives are mostly in Metro-North's sedate silver-and-blue colors, but sometimes the more striking red, black and white scheme inherited from the New York and New Haven Railroad can be seen as equipment on the line is pooled with ConnDOT, whose red-striped passenger coaches are also in wide use on the Hudson Line. The Metro-North owned Genesis units will receive a new paint scheme this year. [178443]

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