Huesca (Spanish: Huesca, Aragonese: Uesca) is a province of northeastern Spain, in northern
Aragon. The capital is Huesca.
just south of the central Pyrenees, Huesca
borders France and the
French Department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Hautes-Pyrénées. Within Spain, Huesca's neighboring provinces
are Navarre, Zaragoza and Lleida.
The modern day province comprises 10 comarcas
and 202 municipalities. See also
list of municipalities
a primarily mountainous area of 15,636
km², the province of Huesca has a total population of 225,271
(in 2008), with almost a quarter of its people living in the
capital city of Huesca.
low population density, 14.4/km², has meant that Huesca's lush
valleys, rivers, and lofty mountain ranges have remained relatively
pristine and unspoiled by progress.
majestic scenery, the tallest mountain in the Pyrenees, the Aneto; eternal
glaciers, such as at Monte Perdido; and the National
Park of Ordesa and Monte Perdido, rich in flora and protected fauna.
with mountaineers, spelunkers, paragliders,
and white water rafters it is also a popular snow skiing destination with notable resorts in Candanchú, Formigal, Astún, Panticosa and Cerler.
The Romans colonised the province of Huesca, which formed the
northern part of Hispania
, and continued to live there well into the 5th
century until the arrival of the visigoths
. As a mountainous frontier region, it
was difficult to dominate. The northern counties had at one time
belonged to the Kingdom of
but split off and managed to stem early Moorish
invasions in the Middle Ages by forming
alliances between themselves and with the Franks
, to become Frankish feudal marches
. The imperative of
sovereignty, or independence, for the
northern border counts, gave rise to the legendary Kingdom of
Aragon, which was the precursor to the Empire or Crown of Aragon, and ultimately the Kingdom of
is the primary language in the province, however the local
linguistic varieties in the center and north of the province (often
called fabla) belong to the Aragonese language, which now survives
mainly in the northernmost comarcas, such as the Aragon river Valley in Jacetania, the Alto
Gallego, Sobrarbe, and Ribagorza, where hitherto landlocked and isolated villages
have helped the language to thrive into the 21st
In the easternmost areas of the province, varieties of the Catalan language
are spoken, with a few
transitional varieties difficult to classify as Aragonese or