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The central building of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences


The Hungarian Academy of Sciences (in short: HAS, in Hungarian: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia, MTA) is the most important (and prestigious) learned society of Hungarymarker. Its seat is at the bank of the Danube in Budapestmarker.

The history of the academy began in 1825, when Count István Széchenyi offered one year's income of his estate for the purposes of a Learned Society at a district session of the Diet in Pressburgmarker (Pozsony, present Bratislava, seat of the Hungarian Parliamentmarker at the time), and his example was followed by other delegates. Its task was specified as the development of the Hungarian language and the study and propagation of the sciences and the arts in Hungarian. It received its current name in 1845. Its central building was inaugurated in 1865, in neo-Renaissance style.

Today it has eleven main sections:
  • I. Linguistics and Literary Studies Section
  • II. Philosophy and Historical Studies Section,
  • III. Mathematical Sciences Section,
  • IV. Agricultural Sciences Section,
  • V. Medical Sciences Section,
  • VI. Technical Sciences Section,
  • VII. Chemical Sciences Section,
  • VIII. Biological Sciences Section,
  • IX. Economics and Law Section,
  • X. Earth Sciences Section,
  • XI. Physical Sciences Section.


Presidents of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences

Gr. Teleki József November 17, 1830 - February 15, 1855
Gr. Dessewffy Emil 1855. April 17, 1855 – January 10, 1866
Br. Eötvös József March 18, 1866 – February 2, 1871
Gr. Lónyay Menyhért May 17, 1871 – November 3, 1884
Trefort Ágoston May 28, 1855 – August 22, 1888
Eötvös Loránd May 3, 1889 – October 5, 1905
Berzeviczy Albert November 27, 1905 – March 22, 1936
Joseph Habsburg March 22, 1936 – October 1944
Kornis Gyula March 7, 1945 – October 29, 1945
Moór Gyula October 29, 1945 – July 24, 1946
Kodály Zoltán July 24, 1946 – November 29, 1949
Rusznyák István November 29, 1949 – February 5, 1970
Erdey-Grúz Tibor February 5, 1970 – August 16, 1976
Szentágothai János October 26, 1976 – May 6, 1977
Szentágothai János May 6, 1977 – May 10, 1985
Berend T. Iván May 10, 1985 – May 24, 1990
Domokos Kosáry May 24, 1990 – May 9, 1996
Ferenc Glatz May 9, 1996 – May 4, 2002
Vizi E. Szilveszter May 5, 2002 – May 6, 2008
Pálinkás József May 6, 2008


See also




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