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Mausoleum of Itmad-ud-Daulah


Itmad-ud-Daula's Tomb ( , , I'timād-ud-Daulah kā Maqbara) is a Mughal mausoleum in the city of Agramarker in the Indianmarker state of Uttar Pradeshmarker. Often described as 'jewel box', sometimes called the 'Baby Tāj', the tomb of I'timād-ud-Daulah is often regarded as a draft of the Tāj Mahalmarker.

Along with the main building, the structure consists of numerous outbuildings and gardens. The tomb, built between 1622 and 1628 represents a transition between the first phase of monumental Mughal architecture - primarily built from red sandstone with marble decorations, as in Humayun's Tombmarker in Delhimarker and Akbar's tomb in Sikandramarker - to its second phase, based on white marble and pietra dura inlay, most elegantly realized in the Tāj Mahal.

The mausoleum was commissioned by Nūr Jahān, the wife of Jahangir, for her father Mirzā Ghiyās Beg, who had been given the title of I'timād-ud-Daulah (pillar of the state). Mirzā Ghiyās Beg was also the grandfather of Mumtāz Mahāl (originally named Arjūmand Bāno, daughter of Asaf Khān), the wife of the emperor Shāh Jahān, responsible for the building of the Tāj Mahal.

The Tomb

Located on the left bank of the Yamuna river, the mausoleum is set in a large cruciform garden criss-crossed by water courses and walkways. The mausoleum itself covers about twenty-three square meters, and is built on a base about fifty meters square and about one meter high. On each corner are hexagonal towers, about thirteen meters tall.

The walls are white marble from Rajasthanmarker encrusted with semi-precious stone decorations - cornelian, jasper, lapis lazuli, onyx, and topaz formed into images of cypress trees and wine bottles, or more elaborate decorations like cut fruit or vases containing bouquets. Light penetrates to the interior through delicate jālī screens of intricately carved white marble.

Many of Nūr Jahān's relatives are interred in the mausoleum. The only asymmetrical element of the entire complex is that the cenotaphs of her father and mother have been set side-by-side, a formation replicated in the Tāj Mahal

Gallery

Image:Daulah_04.jpg|Mausoleum of Itmad-ud-DaulahImage:Daulah_02.jpg|Oblique viewImage:Daulah_03.jpg|Main entranceImage:Daulah_01.jpg|Minaret of tombImage:Itmad minar.jpg|Cupola of minaretImage:Itmad detail.jpg|Detail of one of the wallsImage:Baby-taj-5.JPG|Detail of inlay workImage:Itimad-Agra.jpg|Another view of the mausoleum


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