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ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 codes are three-letter country codes defined in ISO 3166-1, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), to represent countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest. They allow a better visual association between the codes and the country names than the two-letter alpha-2 codes (the third set of codes are numeric and hence offers no visual association). They were first included as part of the ISO 3166 standard in its first edition in 1974.

Uses and applications

The ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 codes are used most prominently in ISO/IEC 7501-1 for machine-readable passports, with a number of additional codes for special passports, which are currently reserved and not used at the present stage in ISO 3166-1.

The United Nations uses a combination of ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 and alpha-3 codes, along with codes that pre-date the creation of ISO 3166, for international vehicle registration codes, the codes on the oval stickers used to identify foreign road vehicles; some of these codes are currently indeterminately reserved in ISO 3166-1.

Current codes

Officially assigned code elements

The following is a complete list of the current officially assigned ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 codes, using the English short country names officially used by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency (ISO 3166/MA):

ABW Arubamarker AFG Afghanistanmarker AGO Angolamarker AIA Anguillamarker ALA Åland Islandsmarker ALB Albaniamarker AND Andorramarker ANT Netherlands Antillesmarker ARE United Arab Emiratesmarker ARG Argentinamarker ARM Armeniamarker ASM American Samoamarker ATA Antarcticamarker ATF French Southern Territoriesmarker ATG Antigua and Barbudamarker AUS Australia AUT Austriamarker AZE Azerbaijanmarker BDI Burundimarker BEL Belgiummarker BEN Beninmarker BFA Burkina Fasomarker BGD Bangladeshmarker BGR Bulgariamarker BHR Bahrainmarker BHS Bahamasmarker BIH Bosnia and Herzegovinamarker BLM Saint Barthélemymarker BLR Belarusmarker BLZ Belizemarker BMU Bermudamarker BOL Bolivia, Plurinational State ofmarker BRA Brazilmarker BRB Barbadosmarker BRN Brunei Darussalammarker BTN Bhutanmarker BVT Bouvet Islandmarker BWA Botswanamarker CAF Central African Republicmarker CAN Canadamarker CCK Cocos Islandsmarker CHE Switzerlandmarker CHL Chilemarker CHN Chinamarker CIV Côte d'Ivoiremarker CMR Cameroonmarker COD Congo, the Democratic Republic of themarker COG Congomarker COK Cook Islandsmarker COL Colombiamarker COM Comorosmarker CPV Cape Verdemarker CRI Costa Ricamarker CUB Cubamarker CXR Christmas Islandmarker CYM Cayman Islandsmarker CYP Cyprusmarker CZE Czech Republicmarker DEU Germanymarker DJI Djiboutimarker DMA Dominicamarker DNK Denmarkmarker DOM Dominican Republicmarker DZA Algeriamarker ECU Ecuadormarker EGY Egyptmarker ERI Eritreamarker ESH Western Saharamarker ESP Spainmarker EST Estoniamarker ETH Ethiopiamarker FIN Finlandmarker FJI Fijimarker FLK Falkland Islands marker FRA Francemarker FRO Faroe Islandsmarker FSM Micronesia, Federated States ofmarker GAB Gabonmarker GBR United Kingdommarker GEO Georgiamarker GGY Guernseymarker GHA Ghanamarker
GIB Gibraltarmarker GIN Guineamarker GLP Guadeloupemarker GMB Gambiamarker GNB Guinea-Bissaumarker GNQ Equatorial Guineamarker GRC Greecemarker GRD Grenadamarker GRL Greenlandmarker GTM Guatemalamarker GUF French Guianamarker GUM Guammarker GUY Guyanamarker HKG Hong Kongmarker HMD Heard Island and McDonald Islandsmarker HND Hondurasmarker HRV Croatiamarker HTI Haitimarker HUN Hungarymarker IDN Indonesiamarker IMN Isle of Manmarker IND Indiamarker IOT British Indian Ocean Territorymarker IRL Irelandmarker IRN Iran, Islamic Republic ofmarker IRQ Iraqmarker ISL Icelandmarker ISR Israelmarker ITA Italymarker JAM Jamaicamarker JEY Jerseymarker JOR Jordanmarker JPN Japanmarker KAZ Kazakhstanmarker KEN Kenyamarker KGZ Kyrgyzstanmarker KHM Cambodiamarker KIR Kiribatimarker KNA Saint Kitts and Nevismarker KOR Korea, Republic ofmarker KWT Kuwaitmarker LAO Lao People's Democratic Republicmarker LBN Lebanonmarker LBR Liberiamarker LBY Libyan Arab Jamahiriyamarker LCA Saint Luciamarker LIE Liechtensteinmarker LKA Sri Lankamarker LSO Lesothomarker LTU Lithuaniamarker LUX Luxembourgmarker LVA Latviamarker MAC Macaomarker MAF Saint Martin MAR Moroccomarker MCO Monacomarker MDA Moldova, Republic ofmarker MDG Madagascarmarker MDV Maldivesmarker MEX Mexicomarker MHL Marshall Islandsmarker MKD Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic ofmarker MLI Malimarker MLT Maltamarker MMR Myanmarmarker MNE Montenegromarker MNG Mongoliamarker MNP Northern Mariana Islandsmarker MOZ Mozambiquemarker MRT Mauritaniamarker MSR Montserratmarker MTQ Martiniquemarker MUS Mauritiusmarker MWI Malawimarker MYS Malaysiamarker MYT Mayottemarker NAM Namibiamarker NCL New Caledoniamarker NER Nigermarker NFK Norfolk Islandmarker NGA Nigeriamarker NIC Nicaraguamarker
NIU Niuemarker NLD Netherlandsmarker NOR Norwaymarker NPL Nepalmarker NRU Nauru NZL New Zealandmarker OMN Omanmarker PAK Pakistanmarker PAN Panamamarker PCN Pitcairnmarker PER Perumarker PHL Philippinesmarker PLW Palaumarker PNG Papua New Guineamarker POL Polandmarker PRI Puerto Rico PRK Korea, Democratic People's Republic ofmarker PRT Portugalmarker PRY Paraguaymarker PSE Palestinian Territory, Occupiedmarker PYF French Polynesiamarker QAT Qatarmarker REU Réunionmarker ROU Romaniamarker RUS Russian Federationmarker RWA Rwandamarker SAU Saudi Arabiamarker SDN Sudanmarker SEN Senegalmarker SGP Singaporemarker SGS South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islandsmarker SHN Saint Helena SJM Svalbard and Jan Mayen SLB Solomon Islandsmarker SLE Sierra Leonemarker SLV El Salvadormarker SMR San Marinomarker SOM Somaliamarker SPM Saint Pierre and Miquelonmarker SRB Serbiamarker STP Sao Tome and Principemarker SUR Surinamemarker SVK Slovakiamarker SVN Sloveniamarker SWE Swedenmarker SWZ Swazilandmarker SYC Seychellesmarker SYR Syrian Arab Republicmarker TCA Turks and Caicos Islands TCD Chadmarker TGO Togomarker THA Thailandmarker TJK Tajikistanmarker TKL Tokelaumarker TKM Turkmenistanmarker TLS Timor-Lestemarker TON Tongamarker TTO Trinidad and Tobagomarker TUN Tunisiamarker TUR Turkeymarker TUV Tuvalumarker TWN Taiwan, Province of Chinamarker TZA Tanzania, United Republic of UGA Uganda UKR Ukrainemarker UMI United States Minor Outlying Islands URY Uruguaymarker USA United Statesmarker UZB Uzbekistanmarker VAT Holy See marker VCT Saint Vincent and the Grenadinesmarker VEN Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofmarker VGB Virgin Islands, Britishmarker VIR Virgin Islands, U.S.marker VNM Viet Nammarker VUT Vanuatumarker WLF Wallis and Futunamarker WSM Samoamarker YEM Yemenmarker ZAF South Africa ZMB Zambiamarker ZWE Zimbabwemarker


User-assigned code elements

User-assigned code elements are codes at the disposal of users who need to add further names of countries, territories, or other geographical entities to their in-house application of ISO 3166-1, and the ISO 3166/MA will never use these codes in the updating process of the standard. The following alpha-3 codes can be user-assigned: AAA to AAZ, QMA to QZZ, XAA to XZZ, and ZZA to ZZZ.

Reserved code elements

Reserved code elements are codes which have become obsolete, or are required in order to enable a particular user application of the standard but do not qualify for inclusion in ISO 3166-1. To avoid transitional application problems and to aid users who require specific additional code elements for the functioning of their coding systems, the ISO 3166/MA, when justified, reserves these codes which it undertakes not to use for other than specified purposes during a limited or indeterminate period of time. The reserved alpha-3 codes can be divided into the following four categories: exceptional reservations, transitional reservations, indeterminate reservations, and codes currently agreed not to use.

Exceptional reservations

Exceptionally reserved code elements are codes reserved at the request of national ISO member bodies, governments and international organizations, which are required in order to support a particular application, as specified by the requesting body and limited to such use; any further use of such code elements is subject to approval by the ISO 3166/MA. The following alpha-3 codes are currently exceptionally reserved:

The following alpha-3 codes were previously exceptionally reserved, but are now officially assigned:
  • GGY Guernseymarker — Reserved on request of UPUmarker; Officially assigned since 2006
  • IMN Isle of Manmarker — Reserved on request of UPUmarker; Officially assigned since 2006
  • JEY Jerseymarker — Reserved on request of UPUmarker; Officially assigned since 2006


Transitional reservations

Transitional reserved code elements are codes reserved after their deletion from ISO 3166-1. These codes may be used only during a transitional period of at least five years while new code elements that may have replaced them are taken into use. These codes may be reassigned by the ISO 3166/MA after the expiration of the transitional period. The following alpha-3 codes are currently transitionally reserved:

Indeterminate reservations

Indeterminately reserved code elements are codes used to designate road vehicles under the 1949 and 1968 United Nations Conventions on Road Traffic but differing from those contained in ISO 3166-1. These code elements are expected eventually to be either eliminated or replaced by code elements within ISO 3166-1. In the meantime, the ISO 3166/MA has reserved such code elements for an indeterminate period. Any use beyond the application of the two Conventions is discouraged and will not be approved by the ISO 3166/MA. Moreover, these codes may be reassigned by the ISO 3166/MA at any time. The following alpha-3 codes are currently indeterminately reserved:

The following alpha-3 code was previously indeterminately reserved, but has been reassigned to another country as its official code:

Codes currently agreed not to use

In addition, the ISO 3166/MA will not use the following alpha-3 codes at the present stage, as they are used for special machine-readable passports in ISO/IEC 7501-1:

Deleted codes

Besides the codes currently transitionally reserved and two other codes currently exceptionally reserved (FXX for France, Metropolitan and SUN for USSRmarker), the following alpha-3 codes have also been deleted from ISO 3166-1:

See also



References



Sources and external links




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