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Þjóðernishyggja is the Icelandicmarker term for nationalism; nationmindedness is a rough translation of the term. Its use was instrumental in the Icelandic movement for independence from Denmarkmarker, led by Jón Sigurðsson.

Þjóðernishyggja is now commonly used for patriotism in Icelandic, which is not interchangeable with another word: Föðurlandsást, i. e. Love of one's country. There is a big difference between the two in Icelandic, but most Icelanders would probably count themselves as being some sort of patriots.

Icelandic Nationalism or Þjóðernishyggja, which is not the same as Föðurlandsást, is based upon the idea of resurrection of the Icelandic Free State, and its values (or what was believed to be its values): democracy, freedom of the individual, the need for the country to be independent, and respect for the cultural and religious traditions, specially the long preserved language. Icelanders do not see their current republic to be the reincarnation of the old Free state, and thus is Icelandic Nationalism today not based upon preserving what was gained by the independence movement. Thus Icelandic nationalist sentiment is highly respectful of democratic parliamentary powers (see resurrected Althing) and sceptical of foreign control over Iceland, which is partly responsible for there not being more will in Iceland for joining the EU, although now over 60% would like an application to be considered.

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