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Il Guarany (The Guarany) is an Italian opera-ballo by Carlos Gomes, based on the Brazilian novel O Guarani, written by José de Alencar. The libretto was written by Antonio Scalvini and Carlo D'Ormeville.

Performance history

The world premiere was at La Scalamarker, Milanmarker on March 19, 1870. The opera received additional European productions. The first Brazilian performance was in Rio de Janeiromarker on 2 December 1870, at the Theatro Lyrico Fluminense. The opera is notable as the first Brazilian opera to gain international acclaim outside of Brazil.

The duet 'Sento una forza indomita' for tenor and soprano had a vogue: it was in the recorded repertoire of Francesco Marconi with Bice Mililotti, 1908, and of Enrico Caruso with Emmy Destinn, 1914.

Maria Alice Volpe has analysed the historical subtext of the Indianismo movement behind the opera.


Role Voice type Premiere Cast, March 19, 1870
(Conductor: Eugenio Terziani )
Don Antonio de Mariz, a Portuguese nobleman bass Teodoro Coloni
Cecilia, his daughter soprano Marie Constance Sass
Peri, son of the Guarani tribal chief tenor Giuseppe Villani
Gonzales, a Spanish adventurer baritone Enrico Storti
Cacico, chief of the Aymoré Indians bass Victor Maurel
Alonso bass Severino Mazza
Don Alvaro tenor Giuseppe Masato
Ruy-Bento tenor Annibale Micheloni
Pedro bass Severino Mazza


  1. Volpe, Maria Alice, "Remaking the Brazilian Myth of National Foundation: Il Guarany" (Autumn-Winter 2002). Latin American Music Review/Revista de Música Latinoamericana, 23 (2): pp. 179-194.
  2. John R. Bennett, Voices of the Past Volume II: The Italian Catalogues of The Gramophone Company, etc (Oakwood Press 1967).


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