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Iloilo is a province of the Philippinesmarker located in the Western Visayas region. Iloilo occupies the southeast portion of Panay Islandmarker and is bordered by Antiquemarker to the west and Capiz and the Jintotolo Channelmarker to the north. Just off Iloilo's southeast coast is the island of Guimaras, once part of Iloilo but now a province in its own right. Across the Panay Gulfmarker and Guimaras Strait is Negros Occidentalmarker. Iloilo's capital is Iloilo Citymarker. Iloilo is the capital province in Region VI.

People and culture

People from Iloilo are called Ilonggos. There are two local languages spoken in the province: Hiligaynon sometimes called Ilonggo, and Kinaray-a. Hiligaynon and variants of it are spoken in Iloilo city and a few towns of the province.

Spanish architecture can be seen in old buildings in downtown Iloilo. Chinese Merchants and Indonesiansmarker were trading with the Ilonggos long before the Spaniards came. The ruling Spanish government encouraged these foreign merchants to trade in Iloilo but they were not given privileges like ownership of land. The Mestizo a class eventually was born from the intermarriages of the locals and Chinese merchants, Spanish with the local Melayu people. They later emerged as the ruling class of the Ilonggos (see Principalía).

The town fiesta is one of the most important events for Ilonggos. Almost every town (municipality) in Iloilo has a fiesta and festival celebrated annually.

Language



Hiligaynon (or "Ilonggo") is an Austronesian language spoken in Western Visayas in the Philippinesmarker. Hiligaynon is concentrated in the provinces of Iloilomarker and Negros Occidentalmarker. It is also spoken in the other provinces of the Panay Island group, such as Capiz, Antique, Aklan, Guimaras, and many parts of Mindanaomarker like Koronadal Citymarker, South Cotabatomarker, North Cotabatomarker, Sultan Kudaratmarker, Kidapawan Citymarker and Cotabato Citymarker. (It is spoken as a second language by Karay-a in Antique, Aklanon and Malaynon in Aklanmarker, Cebuano in Siquijormarker, and Capiznon in Capiz.). There are approximately 7,000,000 people in and outside the Philippines who are native speakers of Hiligaynon, and an additional 4,000,000 who are capable of speaking it with a substantial degree of proficiency.

The language is referred to as "Ilonggo" in Negros Occidentalmarker and in Iloilomarker. More precisely, "Ilonggo" is an ethnoliguistic group referring to the people living in Panaymarker and the culture associated with the people speaking Hiligaynon. The boundaries of the dialect called Ilonggo and that called Hiligaynon are unclear. The disagreement of where what name is correct extends to Philippine language specialists and native laymen.

Geography

The Province of Iloilo is the largest marshland in Western Visayas after the Sanderbans. The province is divided into two distinct geographic regions; the highlands of the Madia-as on the western border and the lowland plains which account for a larger portion of the province. Small islands east of its northernmost tip also dot the Visayan Seamarker - of these, Pan de Azucar and Sicogon are well-known.

Political

Iloilo is subdivided into 42 municipalities, 1 component city, and 1 highly urbanized city

Cities

Iloilo City aerial view
Iloilo City is independent from the Province of Iloilo, but remains the Provincial Capital of the Province.

Municipalities





Government

The Old Capitol Building of the Province of Iloilo.


GOVERNOR: Niel C. Tupas

Vice Governor: Rolex Tupas Suplico

Provincial Board Members:1st District
  1. Oscar Richard S. Garin Jr.
  2. Macario N. Napulan
2nd District
  1. June S. Mondejar
  2. Rodolfo V. Cabado
3rd District
  1. Mariano M. Malones
  2. Arthur R. Defensor Jr.
4th District
  1. George P. Demaisip
  2. Maria Shalene P. Hidalgo
5th District
  1. Jett C. Rojas
  2. Jesus C. Salcedo
Ex-officio Board Members:
  1. PCL President: Cecilia A. Colada
  2. ABC President: Jeneda C. Salcedo
  3. SK President: Jo Jan Paul Peñol
District Representatives:1st District: Janette Loreto-Garin2nd District: Judy Jalbuena-Syjuco3rd District: Arthur D. Defensor, Sr.4th District: Ferjenel G. Biron5th District: Niel C. Tupas, Jr.

History

At the time of the Spanishmarker conquest, writing was a new import and the use of organic medium such as leaf and bamboo, and no pre-Hispanic written accounts of Iloilo exist today. Oral history, in the form of recited epics, has survived to a small degree, with a few recordings made from the last known surviving binukots.

The earliest written historical accounts concerning the province relates to Spain's conquest of the island of Panaymarker by Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi moving his headquarters from the island of Cebumarker and creating the first Spanish settlement in the island in Ogtongmarker in 1566. In 1581 the encomienda in Ogtong was moved to La Villa Rica de Arevalo, because of frequent coastal raids by Moro and Dutch privateers, this was again moved near the mouth of the Irong-irong river founding what is now Iloilo Citymarker and constructing Fort San Pedro to defend it in 1616.

The City of Iloilo by virtue of a Royal Decree of 1896 was given the honor of having a Coat of Arms with the Inscription: “La Muy Leal Y Noble Ciudad de Iloilo.”

Tourism

As a leading province during the Spanish Colonial Era, the province of Iloilo is widely known for its beautiful old world architecture similar to that of Latin American Countries. Spanish colonial Churches are amongst the well knowned tourist sites in the province.

Miagao Church. The World Heritage Site. The Aztec-Baroque inspired church with Filipino botanicals used to carved on the facade. It is known for its intricate facade and pyramidal bell towers. The church was used as a fortress during the olden days. It is a massive structure built of yellowish Limestones.

Molo Church. The Gothic Renaissance Church of Molo was used as a watch tower to warn the people if there are any attackers on the shore of Iloilo City. It is a fine coral stone church with Classical and Gothic details. It is also known as the feminist church because of the beautiful female saints lining inside the church.

Cabatuan Church. This Neoclassic Church, known to be the most massive Hispanic structure in Iloilo is built of red bricks. It is believed to be the largest red brick structure in the Visayas and it was given the title "Model of Temples" by the 'El Eco de Panay'. The Cabatuan Church is known to be the only extant Spanish colonial church with three facades.

San Jose Church. The beautiful church in front of plaza Libertad is considered the most historic amongst the churches in Iloilo City. It is a Byzantine-Neoclassic Church planned to look like the Spanish Church of Valencia del Cid. The Church is known for its collection of priceless Catholic treasures.

The Historic province of Iloilo is also known for 'Calle Real'; a street of old buildings with their classical designs. During January, the city heats up for Dinagyang, the festival dubbed as "The best tourism event in the Philippines" It is a collection of tribe warriors dancing in honor of the Child Jesus.

Notable Ilonggos



Media

The province of iloilo has extensive media organizations as it is the center of politics, education, culture and communications of region VI.

Software and WebHosting Company







Print media

Broadcast Media
  • Aksyon Radyo DYOK 720 [http://www.aksyonradyoiloilo.net AksyonRadyoIloilo.Net
  • BOMBO Radyo-Iloilo, the Flagship station of Bombo Radio Phippines,(The National Radio of the Philippines) please log on www.bomboradyo.com
  • Radio Mindanao Network News 774 Iloilo - RMN Iloilo News Website
  • BOMBO Radyo-Bacolod
  • BOMBO Radyo-Roxas
  • RGMA Iloilo Super Radyo 1323 Iloilo (GMA Regional Network)
  • RGMA Bacolod (Super Radyo DZBB Relay) 1179 Bacolod (GMA Regional Network)
  • GMA TV-6 (Region-6) (Channel 6)
  • GMA TV-10 Bacolod (Channel 10)
  • ABS-CBN Iloilo (Channel 10)
  • ABS-CBN Bacolod (Channel 4)
  • TV32 Bacolod (UHF 32)
  • TV46 Iloilo (UHF 46)
  • Studio 23 Iloilo (UHF 38) & Bacolod (UHF 22)
  • NBN TV 2 Iloilo
  • IBC TV 12 Iloilo
  • RMN TV 26 Iloilo
  • Q TV 28 Iloilo
  • UNTV 42 Iloilo


External links




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