The Full Wiki

More info on Independent Television Commission

Independent Television Commission: Map

  
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



The Independent Television Commission (ITC) licensed and regulated commercial television services in the United Kingdommarker (except S4C in Walesmarker) between 1 January 1991 and 28 December 2003.

In this context, 'independent' indicates freedom from the BBC, rather than the government, as the latter is taken as being read.

The ITC was formed by the Broadcasting Act 1990 to replace the television regulation functions of the Independent Broadcasting Authority (formed by the Broadcasting Act 1954) and Cable Authority. From January 1, 1991 it regulated the existing ITV network.

The 1990 Act also established the Channel Four Television Corporation to run Channel 4, regulated by the ITC. There was no fan-fare, as control was passed from Channel Four Television Company Limited.

The establishing Act required the auction of Channel 3 licences for the fifteen ITV regions and nationwide breakfast time. Most of the Channel 3 licences were awarded to the incumbent ITV companies; however there were some controversial decisions:



  • GMTV (changed to Good Morning Television as the bid name 'Sunrise Television' was already used by Sky News) outbid TV-am for the Breakfast television licence.




On January 1, 1993 these new arrangements came into force, and the ITC began its job of 'light touch regulation'. During this time, the ITC regulated the Channel 3 system as well as Channel 4. It issued licences to new satellite broadcasters and awarded the Channel 5 licence in the late 1990s. It also regulated cable TV.

In the early 2000s, the British government, in a White Paper, declared its intention to merge the ITC with the Radio Authoritymarker, Office of Telecommunicationsmarker, and Radiocommunications Agencymarker. This merger, under the Communications Act 2003, took effect on December 29, 2003. Most powers of the ITC are now exercised by the Office of Communications (Ofcommarker), making some powers – and the ITC itself – defunct.At this point, technical standards regulation, previously carried out in accordance with the IBA engineering "Code of Practice", seems to have disappeared from the regulatory landscape.[edit]

The ITC's co-regulators and origins

ImageSize = width:800 height:300PlotArea = width:720 height:260 left:65 bottom:30AlignBars = justify

Colors =
 id:ntl  value:rgb(0.769,0.188,0.608)
 id:ofcom  value:rgb(1,1,0.7)
 id:gpo value:rgb(1,0,0)
 id:mpt value:rgb(0,1,0)
 id:ho value:rgb(0.7,0.25,1)
 id:ra value:rgb(1,1,0)
 id:rau  value:rgb(0.894,0.890,0.129)
 id:s4c  value:rgb(0.635,0.984,0.565)
 id:iba  value:rgb(0,0.925,0.953)
 id:itc value:rgb(0.992,0.725,0.784)
 id:cable    value:rgb(0.122,0.565,0.278)
 id:taste    value:rgb(0.110,0.545,0.906)
 id:bbc    value:rgb(0.949,0.133,0.333)
 id:black  value:black


Period = from:1953 till:2006TimeAxis = orientation:horizontalScaleMajor = unit:year increment:10 start:1955 gridcolor:blackScaleMinor = unit:year increment:5 start:1955

Define $whitearr = text:"<" textcolor:white="" shift:(5,-4)="" fontsize:16=""></">

PlotData=
 align:center textcolor:black fontsize:8 mark:(line,black) width:25 shift:(0,-5)


 bar:Engineering
 from: 1955   till: 1973   text:"ITA " color: iba
 from: 1973   till: 1990   text:"IBA " color: iba
 from: 1990   till: end   text:"NTL Broadcast/Arqiva " color: ntl


 bar: ILR
 from: 1973   till: 1990   text:"IBA " color: iba
 from: 1990   till: 2003   text:"RAu marker" color: rau
 from: 2003   till: end   text:Ofcommarker color: ofcom


 bar: ITV
 from: 1955   till: 1973   text:"ITA " color: iba
 from: 1973   till: 1990   text:"IBA " color: iba
 from: 1990   till: 2003   text:"ITC (1990–2003)" color: itc
 from: 2003   till: end   text:Ofcommarker color: ofcom


 bar:Ch4
 from: 1983   till: 1990   text:"IBA " color: iba
 from: 1990   till: 2003   text:"ITC (1990–2003)" color: itc
 from: 2003   till: end   text:Ofcommarker color: ofcom


 bar:Satellite
 from: 1986   till: 1990   text:"IBA " color: iba
 from: 1990   till: 2003   text:"ITC (1990–2003)" color: itc
 from: 2003   till: end   text:Ofcommarker color: ofcom


 bar:Cable
 from: 1984   till: 1990   text:"CA " color: cable
 from: 1990   till: 2003   text:"ITC (1990–2003)" color: itc
 from: 2003   till: end   text:Ofcommarker color: ofcom


 bar:'Taste'
 from: 1988   till: 2003   text:"BSC marker" color: taste
 from: 2003   till: end   text:Ofcommarker color: ofcom


 bar:Spectrum
 at:   start   align:left  $whitearr
 from: start   till: 1969   text:"General Post Office " color: gpo
 from: 1969    till: 1974   text:"MPT* ('69–'74)" color: mpt
 from: 1974    till: 1990   text:"Home Office (1974–1990)" color: ho
 from: 1990    till: 2003   text:"RA " color: ra
 from: 2003   till: end   text:Ofcommarker color: ofcom


 bar:S4C
 from: 1983   till: end   text:"Welsh Fourth Channel Authority " color: s4c


 bar:BBC
 at:   start   align:left  $whitearr
 from: start   till: end   text:"BBC " color: bbc




* Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications [29967]

Alongside the ITC, two other independent bodies also dealt with complaints: the Broadcasting Complaints Commission dealt with injustices against individuals, whereas the Broadcasting Standards Council dealt with complaints about the moral content of programs, with no redress for individuals.

Historically, all of independent television (from 22 September 1955) and radio (from 8 October 1973) was governed by the IBA (Independent Broadcasting Authority) – joined by the Cable Authority in 1984. On 1 July 1985, the Home Secretary asked the IBA to review prospects for commercial DBS.

In 1988, the Broadcasting Standards Council was set up to monitor 'taste and decency' on television. In 1990, large-scale changes brought about the Radio Authority, the privatization of the IBA's engineering division as NTL, and formation of the Independent Television Commission.

Since its formation, the BBC has been primarily responsible for its own governance - initially through the Corporation's Board of Governors and since 1 January 2007 through the BBC Trust.

See also




Embed code:






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message