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The Indian Premier League (also known as the "DLF Indian Premier League" and often abbreviated as IPL), is a Twenty20 cricket competition created by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) and chaired by the Chairman & Commissioner IPL, BCCI Vice President Lalit Modi. The first season of the Indian Premier League commenced on 18 April 2008, and ended on 1 June 2008 with the victory of the Rajasthan Royals against Chennai Super Kings in the final at the DY Patil Stadiummarker, Navi Mumbaimarker.

As the second season of the IPL coincided with multi-phase 2009 Indian general elections, the Indian Central Government refused to release the Indian paramilitary forces to provide security, saying the forces would be stretched too thinly if they were to safeguard both the IPL and the elections. As a result, the BCCI decided to host the second season of the league outside India. On 24 March 2009, the BCCI officially announced that the second season of the IPL will be held in South Africa.Though India did not host the second season, the format of the tournament remained unchanged from the 2008 season format.

The third season of IPL is scheduled to be held in India from 12 March 2010 over a period of 45 days. Four new venues, Nagpurmarker, Vishakhapatnammarker, Ahmedabadmarker and Dharamsala, have been added over season 1 of IPL and the number of matches has been increased to 94. Other changes include removal of icon players and granting permission to players who were involved in the Indian Cricket League to play in the tournament.


Inaugural season

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The tournament started on 18 April 2008 in Bangaloremarker and lasted for 46 days with 59 matches scheduled, out of which 58 took place and 1 was washed out due to rain. Each team played every other both at home and away in a round robin system. The top four ranking sides progressed to the knockout stage of semi-finals followed by a final. Rajasthan Royals emerged as the inaugural IPL champions.

Second season

The 2009 season coincided with the general elections in India. Due to concerns regarding players' security, the venue was shifted to South Africa. The format of the tournament remained the same as the inaugural one. Deccan Chargers came out as eventual winners of the tournament.


Existing Original Eight

The winning bidders for the eight franchises were announced on 24 January 2008. While the total base price for auction was US $400 million, the auction fetched US $723.59 million. The official list of franchise owners announced and the winning bids were as follows.

Franchise Owner(s) Price (USD)
Mumbai Indians

(Reliance Industries) $ 111.9 m
Royal Challengers Bangalore Vijay Mallya (UB Group) $ 111.6 m
Deccan Chargers

Deccan Chronicle(Venkat Ram Reddy) $ 107.0  m
Chennai Super Kings India Cements (N.Srinivasan) $ 91.90 m
Delhi Daredevils GMR Holdings (Grandhi Mallikarjuna Rao)Akshay Kumar $ 84.0 m
Kings XI Punjab

Ness Wadia (Bombay Dyeing), Priety Zinta, Mohit Burman (Dabur) and Karan Paul (Apeejay Surendera Group) $ 76.0 m
Kolkata Knight Riders

Red Chillies Entertainment (Shahrukh Khan, Gauri Khan, Juhi Chawla and J Mehta) $ 75.1 m
Rajasthan Royals Emerging Media (Lachlan Murdoch, A.R Jha and Suresh Chellaram), Shilpa Shetty, Raj Kundra $ 67.0 m

Player signings

The first players' auctions were held on 20 February 2008. The IPL placed icon status on a select few marquee Indian players. These players were Rahul Dravid, Saurav Ganguly, Sachin Tendulkar, Yuvraj Singh, and Virender Sehwag. VVS Laxman initially named an icon player, later voluntarily opted out of his icon status to give his team (Deccan Chargers) more money to bid for players. For the second season, auctions were also held, but free signings taking place in the off-season by franchises led to calls for a draft-like system where the lowest ranked teams would be given a first opportunity to sign players.

Television rights and sponsorships

The IPL is predicted to bring the BCCI income of approximately US$1.6 billion, over a period of five to ten years.All of these revenues are directed to a central pool, 40% of which will go to IPL itself, 54% to franchisees and 6% as prize money. The money will be distributed in these proportions until 2017, after which the share of IPL will be 50%, franchisees 45% and prize money 5%.The IPL signed up Kingfisher Airlines as the official umpire partner for the series in a Rs. 106 crore (1.06 billion) deal. This deal sees the Kingfisher Airlines brand on all umpires' uniforms and also on the giant screens during third umpire decisions.

Television rights

On 15 January 2008 it was announced that a consortium consisting of Indiamarker's Sony Entertainment Television network and Singaporemarker-based World Sport Group secured the global broadcasting rights of the Indian Premier League. The record deal has a duration of ten years at a cost of US $1.026 billion. As part of the deal, the consortium will pay the BCCI US $918 million for the television broadcast rights and US $108 million for the promotion of the tournament.This deal was challenged in the Bombay High Court by IPL, and got the ruling on its side. After losing the battle in court, Sony Entertainment Television signed a new contract with BCCI with Sony Entertainment Television paying a staggering Rs. 8700 crores (87 billion) for 10 years. One of the reasons for payment of this huge amount is seen as the money required to subsidize IPL's move to South Africa which will be substantially more than the previous IPL. IPL had agreed to subsidize the difference in operating cost between India and South Africa as it decided to move to the African nation after the security concerns raised because of its coincidence with India's general elections.

20% of these proceeds would go to IPL, 8% as prize money and 72% would be distributed to the franchisees. The money would be distributed in these proportions until 2012, after which the IPL would go public and list its shares.

Sony-WSG then re-sold parts of the broadcasting rights geographically to other companies. Below is a summary of the broadcasting rights around the world.

Winning Bidder Regional Broadcast Rights Terms of Deal
Sony/World Sport Group

Global Rights, Indiamarker 10 years at Rs 8700 crores (revised)
ONE HD Free-to-air HD and SD television in Australia. Owned by Network TEN. 5 years at AUD 10-15 Million.
Sky Network Television New Zealandmarker broadcast rights Terms not released
Arab Digital Distribution Middle East broadcast rights on ADD's ART Prime Sport channel. Will broadcast to United Arab Emiratesmarker, Bahrainmarker, Iranmarker, Iraqmarker, Jordanmarker, Kuwaitmarker, Lebanonmarker, Omanmarker, Qatarmarker, Palestine, Saudi Arabiamarker, Syriamarker, Turkeymarker, Algeriamarker, Moroccomarker, Tunisiamarker, Egyptmarker, Sudanmarker, Libyamarker and Nigeriamarker. 10 Years, terms not released.
Willow TV Rights to distribute on television, radio, broadband and Internet, for the IPL in North America. 5 years, terms not released.

South Africa and Nigeriamarker broadcast rights Terms not released
GEO Super

Pakistanmarker broadcast rights Terms not released
Asian Television Network

Canadianmarker broadcast rights. Aired on ATN's CBN & ATN Cricket Plus channels on a subscription basis. Aired on XM Radio's ATN-Asian Radio as well. 5 years, terms not released.


India's biggest property developer DLF Group has paid US $50 million to be the title sponsor of the tournament for 5 years.[552004]

Global following

In India, the IPL has become one of the most popular events of the year. Around the world, reception has varied. In Pakistanmarker the reception was described by Pakistani cricinfo editor Osman Samiuddin as "massive", suggesting that it attracted even non-regular cricket followers and that the popularity of the Kolkata Knight Riders was great. GEO Super telecasted the matches and also included a popular show called Inside IPL. However, reception for the second edition was lukewarm. A similar positive reaction was seen in Sri Lankamarker, with interest in the Mumbai Indians being large due to the presence of cricket hero Sanath Jayasuriya. Bangladeshmarker has also positively reacted despite only one Bangladeshi player being involved. The Knight Riders were the most popular team. These subcontinental countries were also helped in that the time-slot of the matches fitted in with prime time in these nations.

South Africa has seen moderate viewership of the IPL, however, many were unable to relate to any of the teams, although a large number simply supported Mumbai Indians because of the presence of Shaun Pollock.

The IPL did not overcome the power of Premier League Football in Englandmarker, plus the country's governing body did not allow many English players to take part. The IPL was very popular with the Asian Population.

In the West Indiesmarker, the IPL became so popular that it, according to Vaneisa Baksh, threatened to overtake test cricket completely in 'certain sections of West Indian fans'. While free-to-air coverage has not been complete and it has not ignited passions, it has remained a popular watch.

The IPL was less popular in Australia and New Zealandmarker, mainly due to the time zone differences. Nevertheless, the IPL consistently won its free-to-air timeslot of 8:30 P.M. and 12:30 A.M. Australian Time, and 10:30 P.M. and 2:30 A.M. New Zealand Time for subscription TV.

Snap polls indicate that more than 24 million people watched the telecast of the gripping IPL 2008 finals (Rajasthan Royals v Chennai Super Kings),more than 20 million people saw the Rajasthan Royals vs Delhi Daredevils match, whereas the second semi-final between Chennai Super Kings and Kings XI Punjab attracted an audience of 19 million.


The official rules for the tournament are here.

There are five ways that a franchise can acquire a player. In the annual auction, buying domestic players, signing uncapped players through trading and buying replacements. In the trading window the player can only be traded with his consent. The franchise will have to pay the difference between the old contract price and the new contract price. If the new contract is worth more than the older one then the difference will be shared between the player and the franchise selling the player.

Some of the Team composition rules are:

  • Minimum squad strength of 16 players plus one physio and a coach.
  • No more than 8 foreign players in the squad and at most 4 in the playing XI.For the 2009 edition franchises are allowed 10 foreign players in the squad. The number allowed in the playing XI remains unchanged at 4.
  • A minimum of 8 local players must be included in each team.
  • A minimum of 2 players from the BCCI under-22 pool in each team.

The players accorded "icon" status are: Sachin Tendulkar, Rahul Dravid, Sourav Ganguly, Yuvraj Singh and Virender Sehwag. The total spending cap for a franchisee in the first player auction was US $5m. Under-22 players are to be remunerated with a minimum annual salary of US $20,000 while for others it is US $50,000. Icon players are to be paid 15% more than the highest paid player in their respective teams.

Official website

The IPL negotiated a contract with the Canadianmarker company Live Current Media Inc. to run and operate its portals and the minimum guarantee has been negotiated at US $50 million over the next 10 years. The official website of the tournament is

Statistics and records

List of hat tricks

No. Season Date Hattrick Taker Victims For Against Team's Hattrick total
1 2008 Indian Premier League

10th May 2008 Lakshmipathy Balaji Irfan Pathan, Piyush Chawla, VRV Singh Chennai Super Kings Kings XI Punjab 1
2 2008 Indian Premier League

15th May 2008 Amit Mishra Dwaraka Ravi Teja, RP Singh, Pragyan Ojha Delhi Daredevils Deccan Chargers 1
3 2008 Indian Premier League

18th May 2008 Makhaya Ntini Sourav Ganguly, Debabrata Das, David Hussey Chennai Super Kings Kolkata Knight Riders 2
4 2009 Indian Premier League

1st May 2009 Yuvraj Singh Robin Uthappa, Mark Boucher, Jacques Kallis Kings XI Punjab Royal Challengers Bangalore 1
5 2009 Indian Premier League

6th May 2009 Rohit Sharma Abhishek Nayar, Harbhajan Singh, JP Duminy Deccan Chargers Mumbai Indians 1
6 2009 Indian Premier League

17th May 2009 Yuvraj Singh(2nd Hattrick) Herschelle Gibbs, Andrew Symonds, Venugopal Rao Kings XI Punjab Deccan Chargers 2

Franchise earnings

The second season that concluded on 24 May 2009 was a huge profit for the IPL than previous edition.In this season all the franchises make profit.

Franchise Revenues Expenses Profit/Loss (Rupees Crores)
Mumbai Indians

a. Broadcasting Rights - 67.5
b. Team Sponsors - 24
c. other income - 14
d. prize money - 0.5
Total Revenues(a+b+c) - 106

a. Franchise Fees - 51.5
b. Team Expenses - 20
c. other expenses - 27.5
Total Expenses(a+b+c) -99
Net profit - 7
Royal Challengers Bangalore

a. Broadcasting Rights - 67.5
b. Team Sponsors - 24
c. other income - 13.5
d. prize money - 2.25
Total Revenues(a+b+c) - 107.25

a. Franchise Fees - 51.6
b. Team Expenses - 20
c. other expenses - 27.5
Total Expenses(a+b+c) - 99.1
Net profit - 8.15
Deccan Chargers

a. Broadcasting Rights - 67.5
b. Team Sponsors - 24
c. other income - 13.5
d. prize money - 4.5
Total Revenues(a+b+c) - 109.5

a. Franchise Fees - 49.2
b. Team Expenses - 20
c. other expenses - 25.5
Total Expenses(a+b+c) - 94.7
Net profit - 14.8
Chennai Super Kings

a. Broadcasting Rights - 67.5
b. Team Sponsors - 24
c. other income - 18.5
d. prize money - 1.2
Total Revenues(a+b+c) - 111.2

a. Franchise Fees - 41.9
b. Team Expenses - 20
c. other expenses - 27.5
Total Expenses(a+b+c) - 89.4
Net profit - 21.8
Delhi Daredevils

a. Broadcasting Rights - 67.5
b. Team Sponsors - 24
c. other income - 14.7
d. prize money - 1.2
Total Revenues(a+b+c) - 107.4

a. Franchise Fees - 38.6
b. Team Expenses - 20
c. other expenses - 25.5
Total Expenses(a+b+c) - 84.1
Net profit - 23.3
Kings XI Punjab

a. Broadcasting Rights - 67.5
b. Team Sponsors - 24
c. other income - 14.3
d. prize money - 0.8
Total Revenues(a+b+c) - 106.6

a. Franchise Fees - 35
b. Team Expenses - 20
c. other expenses - 25.5
Total Expenses(a+b+c) - 80.5
Net profit - 26.1
Kolkata Knight Riders

a. Broadcasting Rights - 67.5
b. Team Sponsors - 24
c. other income - 18.9
d. prize money - 0.4
Total Revenues(a+b+c) - 110.8

a. Franchise Fees - 34.5
b. Team Expenses - 20
c. other expenses - 30.5
Total Expenses(a+b+c) - 85
Net profit - 25.8
Rajasthan Royals

a. Broadcasting Rights - 67.5
b. Team Sponsors - 24
c. other income - 14.2
d. prize money - 0.7
Total Revenues(a+b+c) - 106.4

a. Franchise Fees - 30.8
b. Team Expenses - 20
c. other expenses - 20.5
Total Expenses(a+b+c) - 71.3
Net profit - 35.1
  • All figures are in Rs. Crore
  • Other incomes include gate receipts, in-stadia advertising, merchandise sales, and media tie-ups
  • Other expenses include stadia fees, travel, stay cost and team promotion
Source: IIFL Research


The BCCI had found itself in the middle of many conflicts with various cricket boards around the world as a result of the IPL. The main point of contention was that signed players should always be available to their country for international tours, even if it overlaps with the IPL season. To address this, the BCCI officially requested that the ICC institute a time period in the International Future Tours Program solely for the IPL season. This request was not granted at a subsequent meeting held by the ICC.

Conflicts with the England and Wales Cricket Board

Because the inaugural IPL season coincided with the County Championship season as well as New Zealand's tour of England, the ECB and county cricket clubs raised their concerns to the BCCI over players. The ECB made it abundantly clear that they would not sign No Objection Certificates for players—a prerequisite for playing in the IPL. Chairmen of the county clubs also made it clear that players contracted to them were required to fulfill their commitment to their county. As a result of this, Dimitri Mascarenhas was the only English player to have signed with the IPL for the 2008 season.

A result of the ECB’s concerns about players joining the IPL, was a proposed radical response of creating their own Twenty20 tournament that would be similar in structure to the IPL. The league — titled the English Premier League — would feature 21 teams in three groups of seven and would occur towards the end of the summer season. The ECB enlisted the aid of Texasmarker billionaire Allen Stanford to launch the proposed league. Stanford was the brains behind the successful Stanford 20/20, a tournament that has run twice in the West Indiesmarker. On 17 February 2009, when news of the fraud investigation against Stanford became public, the ECB and WICB withdrew from talks with Stanford on sponsorship. On February 20 the ECB announced it has severed its ties with Stanford and cancelled all contracts with him.

Conflicts with Cricket Australia

The BCCI also experienced run-ins with Cricket Australia (CA) over player availability for Australia’s tour of the West Indies and CA’s desire for global protection of their sponsors. CA had feared that sponsors of the IPL (and its teams) that directly competed with their sponsors would jeopardize already existing arrangements. This issue was eventually resolved and it was also agreed upon that Australian players would be fully available for the West Indies tour.

Conflicts with the Pakistan Cricket Board

Many players from the Pakistan Cricket Team who were not offered renewed central contracts (or decided to reject new contracts) decided to join the rival Indian Cricket League (ICL). Two such players—Naved-ul-Hasan and Mushtaq Ahmed also held contracts with English Counties. The PCB decided to issue No Objection Certificates for these players to play with their county teams on the basis that since they were no longer contracted to the PCB, there was no point in not granting them their NOCs. The latter did not sit well with the BCCI, as it went against the hard line stance they had taken on players who joined the ICL.After the 2008 Mumbai attacks, the Pakistan government deemed it unsafe for its players to travel to India for the IPL. However, when the IPL was shifted to South Africa, the Pakistani players requested the IPL organizers and Lalit Modi to allow them to play but they refused by reasoning that the squads had already been decided and there was no room for Pakistani players.

Conflicts with other Boards

Smaller boards like the WICB and NZCB have raised concerns over the impact the IPL will have on their player development and already fragile financial situation. Since players from smaller cricketing nations are not compensated as much, they have more motivation to join the IPL.

Media restrictions

Initially the IPL enforced strict guidelines to media covering Premier League matches, consistent with their desire to use the same model sports leagues in North America use in regards to media coverage. Notable guidelines imposed included the restriction to use images taken during the event unless purchased from, owned by Live Current Media Inc (who won the rights to such images) and the prohibition of live coverage from the cricket grounds. Media agencies also had to agree to upload all images taken at IPL matches to the official website. This was deemed unacceptable by print media around the world. Upon the threat of boycott, the IPL eased up on several of the restrictions. On 15 April 2008 a revised set of guidelines offering major concessions to the print media and agencies was issued by the IPL and accepted by the Indian Newspaper Society.

Even with the amended restrictions, specialist cricket websites such as cricinfo and cricket365 continued to be banned from providing live coverage from the grounds and from purchasing match images from press agencies. As a result, on 18 April several major international agencies including Reuters and AFP announced their decision to provide no coverage of the IPL.

Conflict with Cricket Club of India

As per IPL rules, the winner of the previous competition decides the venue for the finals. In 2009, the reigning Champions, Rajasthan Royals chose the Brabourne Stadiummarker in Mumbaimarker. However, a dispute regarding use of the pavilion meant that no IPL matches could be held there. The members of the Cricket Club of India that owns the stadium have the sole right to the pavilion on match days, whereas the IPL required the pavilion for its sponsors. The members were offered free seats in the stands, however the club rejected the offer, stating that members could not be moved out of the pavilion.


  1. IPL will be held outside India: BCCI
  2. The great IPL auction winners declared - News - News - Indiatimes Cricket
  3. Cricinfo - Big business and Bollywood grab stakes in IPL
  4. [1]
  5. IPL: Willow TV gets TV rights for the Americas: Cricket Next
  6. Cricinfo, "Thrills, spills, yawns"
  8. Slow trading with all eyes on auction, Brief discussion of IPL rules on acquiring players.
  9. IPL lays down guidelines for replacements, Discusses IPL rules on buying replacement players players.
  10., IPL rules when trading players.
  11. BBC SPORT | Cricket | England | ECB set to accept big-money match
  12. England and Wales Cricket Board ends contract with Allen Stanford, Associated Press, February 20, 2009

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