Indian numbering system, used today in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Myanmar (Burma), is
based on grouping by two decimal places,
rather than the three decimal places commonplace in most parts of
This system of measurement introduces separators
into numbers in places appropriate to the two-digit grouping. For
example, 30 million (3 crore) rupees would be written as
Rs.3,00,00,000, with commas at the thousand
levels, instead of Rs.30,000,000.
The terms crore
are in widespread use today in Indian English
The table below follows the short scale
usage of billion being a thousand million. In India, following
former British usage, the
long scale was used, with one billion
equivalent to a million million.
|Short scale English
|सहस्र (Sahasr) / हजार (Hazaar)
||1,000 (One thousand)
||100,000 (One hundred thousand)
||10,000,000 (Ten million)
||1,000,000,000 (One billion)
||100,000,000,000 (One hundred billion)
||10,000,000,000,000 (Ten trillion)
||1,000,000,000,000,000 (One quadrillion)
||100,000,000,000,000,000 (One hundred quadrillion)
||10,000,000,000,000,000,000 (Ten quintillion)
The higher numbers listed above arawb
are not commonly
used, though padma
are sometimes used
are more commonly found in old sections of Indian Mathematics
Instead of saying the higher numbers, it is more common to use
repeatedly or in combination,
saying 1 lakh crore
crore (کرور [Korur] in Persian) was also used in Iran until recent
decades, but with the meaning of 500,000.
, a crore is called
(Sanskrit: कोटि / Koti), and a lakh is called
(Sanskrit: लक्ष / Laksha) .
Lakh has entered the Swahili
"laki" and is in common use.