Information and communication technologies in
deal with the use of Information and
(ICTs) within educational technology
The purpose of ICT in education is generally to familiarise
students with the use and workings of computers
, and related
social and ethical issues
ICT has also enabled learning through multiple intelligence as ICT
has introduced learning through simulation games; this enables
active learning through all senses
ICT By country
In all of Australia, ICT is not a subject until the final two years
of schooling, despite similar subjects being available before VCE
or equivalent. In Victoria, children start ICT in Prep but are not
reported upon until they are in Year 1. They undertake a wide range
of activities using technology to learn in all curriculum areas.ICT
Curriculum and Standards
Norway ICT is a
course which students can select for their second year of upper secondary school.
pre-school to Year 10 ICT is interwoven throughout the curriculum
as part of the Essential Learning of Communication.
countries, such as the Philippines, also have ICT as an educational subject in their
Kingdom, Information and Communication Technology is a
subject in education, and a part of the National
All students must study Information and
Communication Technology to GCSE
The ICT programme in the United Kingdom is co-ordinated by Becta
. A major initiative was the Curriculum Online
scheme, which was closed
in 2008 and which was produced to accelerate the uptake of
technology amongst schools. Becta took over the running of this
scheme from the Department for Education and
in 2005. Becta worked closely with the Joint Information Systems
to develop strategy.
Students are taught to use software such as office suites
, desktop publishers
; they are also taught
about ICT theory, and how ICT can be used to solve problems.
taught at GCSE
Students also study the Data
, the Computer
, and other legal and ethical issues related to
Many schools have specialist
status in technology
and, more recently, in maths and computing
these schools champion the use of ICT to enhance teaching and
Within Scotland and the North East of England a pilot enterprise in
education initiative ( ICT Youth Challenge
) aims to use ICT as a
vehicle to encourage creative thinking within the youth
demographic. Tapping into the 'unconstrained' minds of the regions
young people, the programme simulates the process of taking a new
innovative ICT idea through the commercialisation process. The
competition is sponsored by Microsoft and BT and hopes to expand
its reach throughout the UK in 2009/10.
ICT in education can be broadly categorized in the following ways:
- ICT as a subject (i.e., computer studies)
- ICT as a tool to support traditional subjects (i.e.,
computer-based learning, presentation, research)
- ICT as an administrative tool (i.e., education management
Buckleitner, W. (2008). So young, and so gadgeted. New York Times.
Retrieved on May 31 at
Children Now. (2007). The effects of interactive media on
preschooler’s learning: A review of the research and
recommendations for the future. Oakland, CA: Children Now.
Retrieved May 15, 2009, from
Harlen, W. & James, M. (1996). Creating a positive impact of
assessment in learning. Paper presented American Educational
Research Association, New York, April 1996, ED 397 137.
Hawisher, G. & Selfe, C. (1999). Conclusion: Hybrid and
transgressive literacy practices on the web. In Hawisher &
Selfe (Eds.), Global literacies and the World Wide Web (pp.
279-291). New York: Routledge.
Hsi, S. (2006). Digital learning and play: A synthesis and
elaboration from a CILS Bay Area Institute Roundtable. San
Francisco: The Center for Informal Learning and Schools. Retrieved
on April 1, 2009, from
International Society for Technology in Education. (2007). The ISTE
national educational technology standards (NET-S) and performance
indicators for students. Eugene, OR: ISTE.
Jenkins, H. (2006). Confronting the challenges of participatory
culture: Media education for the 21st century. The John D. and
Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Chicago: Author. Retrieved May
15, 2009 from:
The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. (2005). Digital
media and learning fact sheet. Chicago: Author. Retrieved on May
20, 2009, from:
Mizuko I., Horst, H., Bittanti, M., Boyd, D., Herr-Stephenson, B.,
Lange, et al. (2008). Living and learning with new media: Summary
of findings from the Digital Youth Project. The John D. and
Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Reports on Digital Media and
Learning. Chicago: Author. Retrieved May 15, 2009, from:
National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC)
and National Association of Early Childhood Specialists in State
Departments of Education (NAECS/SDE). (2002). Early learning
standards: Creating the conditions for success. Washington, D.C.:
National Association for the Education of Young Children. (2008).
Technology and young children – ages 3 through 8. Washington, D.C.:
Author. Retrieved May 15, 2009, from:
National Institute for Early Education Research. (2009). Are new
media a boon to young children’s education? Rutgers: The State
University of New Jersey. Retrieved April 15, 2009 from:
Rideout, V., Vanderwater, E. & Wartella, E. (2003). Zero to
six: Electronic media in the lives of infants, toddlers, and
preschoolers. Menlo Park, CA: The Henry J. Kaiser Family
Foundation. Retrieved May 1,5 2009 from:
Rogow, F. (adapted from). Choosing media for children checklist.
San Francisco: Kids Watch Monthly. Retrieved May 15, 2009, from:
Scarr, S., & K. McCartney. (1983). How people make their own
environments: A theory of genotype—environment effects. Child
Development, 54(2), p. 425–35. Seasame Workshop. (2007).
Shore, R. (2007). The power of Pow! Wham!: Children, digital media
& our nation’s future. New York: The Joan Ganz Cooney Center at
Speer, N., Reynolds, J., Swallow K. & Zacks, J. (2009). Reading
stories activates neural representations of visual and motor
experiences. Retrieved on May 21, 2009, from:
Swisher K. & Mossberg, W. (2009). All things digital. The Wall
Street Journal. Dow Jones & Company, 6/2/09.
Taffel, R. (2009). Childhood unbound: Saving our kids’ best selves
– confident parenting in a world of change. New York: Free Press.
US Census Bureau. (2008). US Census Bureau releases TV stats.
Retrieved on April 26, 2009, from
US Census Bureau News. (2007). Received on May 15, 2009, from
Zacks, J. (2009). Reading creates simulations in minds. Science out
of the Box [radio broadcast]. Washington DC: National Public