inside-the-park home run
or "leg home run" is a
play where a hitter scores a home run
without hitting the ball out of play.
To score an inside-the-park home run the player must run, round,
and touch all four bases before a fielder tags him out, the same as
he would do for a double
. If the defensive team
commits an error
during the play,
it is not scored as a home run, but rather advancing on an error
per MLB Rules 10.06 and 10.12.
In the early days of baseball, with outfields more spacious and
less uniform from ballpark
ballpark, inside-the-park home runs were common. However, in the
modern era, with outfields less spacious, the feat has become
increasingly rare. Today an inside-the-park home run is typically
accomplished by a fast baserunner hitting the ball in such a way
that the ball gets away from any outfielders
and into open space in the outfield.
This can include a fielder misjudging the direction of the ball's
flight, diving and missing, or colliding with a teammate; or the
ball bouncing off the outfield wall, the playing field, or other
in-play objects in the opposite direction from where the outfielder
was expecting it to bounce.
Of the 154,483 home runs hit from 1951–2000, 975 (about one in
every 158) were inside the park. The percentage has dwindled over
the years with the growing propensity toward power hitting and
Single season records
- Major League and National League – Sam Crawford – 12 –
- American League – Ty Cobb – 9 – 1909
Single game records
In the World Series
- For his first career Major League at-bat on September 2, 1975, Johnnie LeMaster hit an inside-the-park
home run off of future Hall of Famer Don
Sutton. LeMaster is the only player in Major League history to
hit an inside-the-park home run in his first career at-bat.
- Roberto Clemente is the only
player in baseball history to have hit a walk-off inside-the-park
- Jimmy Sheckard completed a
phenomenal feat in 1901, hitting inside-the-park grand slams in
consecutive games on consecutive days with the Brooklyn Superbas
(later the Brooklyn Dodgers).
Sheckard is the only person in Major League Baseball history to do
- Ed Delahanty of the Philadelphia Phillies, on July 13, 1896, hit four home runs in
one game (itself quite a rare feat), two of them were
inside-the-park home runs. This event is the only time any homers
in a four-homer game have been inside-the-park.
- With his inside the park homer on August
18, 2009, Kyle
Blanks of the San Diego Padres
became the largest player to hit an inside the park home run, at
285 pounds, and six feet six inches tall. Blanks achieved the feat
when, playing against the Cubs, the ball he hit bounced off the
center field wall and ricocheted away from the center fielder.
- In 2009, Florida Marlins third baseman Emilio Bonifacio was the first person in 41
years to hit an inside the park home run on Opening Day. 
- Pete Milne hit his only career home
run on April 27, 1949. It was an inside-the-park grand slam which
gave the New York Giants an
11–8 lead over the Brooklyn
Dodgers, which ended up being the final score.
- On August 23, 2009, Angel Pagan of
the New York Mets led off his team's
first inning with an inside-the-park home run. (This same game
ended with the Mets' Jeff Francoeur
hitting into an unassisted triple
Inside-the-park grand slams
An inside-the-park grand slam
is the same event
but, like a grand slam
features the bases loaded for an inside-the-park home run. There
have been 40 inside-the-park grand slams in Major League Baseball
since 1950 and
only eight since 1990 ( ). Honus Wagner
had the most in MLB history with five.
- Major League Baseball Rule 10
- Inside The Park Home Run Records by Baseball
- 4 Home Runs in One Game –
- Pete Milne home run log at Baseball
- 1949 Giants results from Baseball