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The European/South American Cup, commonly referred to as the Intercontinental Cup or Toyota Cup, was a football competition endorsed by UEFA and CONMEBOL, contested between the winners of the European Cup and the South American Copa Libertadores. From its formation in 1960 to 1979, the competition was contested over a two legged tie; from 1980 until 2004 the competition was contested over a single match held in Japan. The last winner of the cup was Portuguesemarker side Porto, defeating Colombianmarker side Once Caldas in a penalty shootout in 2004.

From 2005 the Intercontinental Cup was replaced by the FIFA Club World Cup, which also includes North American, Asian, African and Oceanian winners.

History

The first team to claim a World Championship were Hibernian F.C., who as Scottish Cup winners challenged FA Cup winners Preston North End on 13 August 1887. The next season's winners, Renton F.C. challenged FA Cup holders West Bromwich Albion the following year, although the match was played without authorization from their respective associations. With the subsequent creation of the English and Scottish Football Leagues, the concept of a club as World Champion took on less importance as the clubs focused on winning their national leagues and the game spread further abroad.The World Club Championship forerunner to today's cup was created by Henri Delaunay as a way of determining the top club in the world (Europe and South America being the football world's top continents).

Europe already had its European Champions Club Cup, but South America did not have a similar competition. Thus, South American Confederación (CONMEBOL's predecessor) created a similar competition, and named it after the heroes of South American independence. The Copa Libertadores made the World Club Championship viable.

The first match-up was in 1960, between Spanish side Real Madrid and the Uruguayan club Peñarol.

Ever since the 1950s (and especially since the 1970s) many talented South Americans have crossed the Atlanticmarker to play for European teams, who also tend to be richer. Perhaps as a consequence, South American fans always attached more importance to the Intercontinental Cup than their European counterparts.

Out of concern for the integrity of players, and also because of the lack of financial incentive, several European champions declined to participate; in all cases, their runners-up took their place. The 1975 and 1978 tournaments were not played at all.

The viability of the competition came under fire until Toyota assumed the role of sponsor for the 1980 tournament; for the remainder of the competition's history, no club declined playing in the Intercontinental Cup, and the competition always took the form of a single match held on neutral ground, in Toyota's home country Japanmarker.

This cup was played for the last time in 2004, being replaced by the FIFA Club World Cup from 2005. However, as of December 2005 there are talks of restoring it soon but this time featuring the winners of the Recopa Sudamericana against the European Supercup champions.

Cup format

From 1960 to 1979, the Intercontinental Cup was played in two legs. Between 1960 and 1968, the cup was decided on points only, the same format used by CONMEBOL to determine the winner of the Copa Libertadores final through 1987. Because of this format, a third match was needed when both teams were equal on points. From 1969 through 1979, the competition adopted the European standard method of aggregate score, with away goals.

Starting in 1980, the final became a single match. Up until 2000, the matches were held at Tokyo'smarker National Stadium. Finals since 2002 were held at the Yokohama International Stadiummarker, also the venue of the 2002 FIFA World Cup final.

Intercontinental Cup finals

Single match finals

Year Winner Score Runner-up Venue
2004

Details
Porto


(PORmarker)
0–0

aet
Once Caldas


(COLmarker)
International Stadiummarker,

Yokohama
8–7 in penalty shootout
2003

Details
Boca Juniors


(ARGmarker)
1–1

aet
Milan


(ITAmarker)
International Stadiummarker,

Yokohama
3–1 in penalty shootout
2002

Details
Real Madrid


(ESPmarker)
2–0 Olimpia Asunción


(PARmarker)
International Stadiummarker,

Yokohama
2001

Details
Bayern Munich


(GERmarker)
1–0aet Boca Juniors


(ARGmarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker
2000

Details
Boca Juniors


(ARGmarker)
2–1 Real Madrid


(ESPmarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker
1999

Details
Manchester United


(ENGmarker)
1–0 Palmeiras


(BRAmarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker
1998

Details
Real Madrid


(ESPmarker)
2–1 Vasco da Gama


(BRAmarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker
1997

Details
Borussia Dortmund


(GERmarker)
2–0 Cruzeiromarker


(BRAmarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker
1996

Details
Juventus


(ITAmarker)
1–0 River Plate


(ARGmarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker
1995

Details
Ajax


(NEDmarker)
0–0

aet
Grêmio


(BRAmarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker
4–3 in penalty shootout
1994

Details
Vélez Sarsfield


(ARGmarker)
2–0 Milan


(ITAmarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker
1993

Details
São Paulo


(BRAmarker)
3–2 Milan


(ITAmarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker
European champions Marseille (FRAmarker) were suspended

due to a match fixing and bribery scandal
1992

Details
São Paulo


(BRAmarker)
2–1 Barcelona


(ESPmarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker
1991

Details
Red Star Belgrade


(YUGmarker)
3–0 Colo-Colo


(CHImarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker
1990

Details
Milan


(ITAmarker)
3–0 Olimpia Asunción


(PARmarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker
1989

Details
Milan


(ITAmarker)
1–0

aet
Atlético Nacional


(COLmarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker
1988 Nacional


(URUmarker)
2–2

aet
PSV Eindhoven


(NEDmarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker
7–6 in penalty shootout
1987

Details
Porto


(PORmarker)
2–1

aet
Peñarol


(URUmarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker
1986 River Plate


(ARGmarker)
1–0 Steaua Bucharest


(ROMmarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker
1985

Details
Juventus


(ITAmarker)
2–2

aet
Argentinos Juniorsmarker


(ARGmarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker
4–2 in penalty shootout
1984 Independiente


(ARGmarker)
1–0 Liverpool


(ENGmarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker
1983

Details
Grêmio


(BRAmarker)
2–1

aet
Hamburger SV


(FRGmarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker
1982

Details
Peñarol


(URUmarker)
2–0 Aston Villa


(ENGmarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker
1981

Details
Flamengo


(BRAmarker)
3–0 Liverpool


(ENGmarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker
1980 Nacional


(URUmarker)
1–0 Nottingham Forest


(ENGmarker)
National Stadiummarker,

Tokyomarker


Two-legged finals

Year Home team Score Away team Venue
1979

Details
Malmö FF


(SWEmarker)
0 - 1 Olimpia Asunción


(PARmarker)
Malmö Stadionmarker,

Malmömarker
Olimpia Asunción


(PARmarker)
2 - 1 Malmö FF


(SWEmarker)
Defensores del Chaco,

Asunciónmarker
Olimpia Asunción won 3-1 on aggregate

Note: European champions Nottingham Forest (ENGmarker) declined to play
1978 NOT HELD

Liverpool Boca Juniors
vs

(ENGmarker) (ARGmarker)
Liverpool declined to play due to scheduling conflicts
1977 Boca Juniors


(ARGmarker)
2 - 2 Borussia M'gladbach


(FRGmarker)
La Bomboneramarker,

Buenos Airesmarker
Borussia M'gladbach


(FRGmarker)
0 - 3 Boca Juniors


(ARGmarker)
Wildparkstadionmarker,

Karlsruhemarker
Boca Juniors won 5-2 on aggregate

Note: European champions Liverpool (ENGmarker) declined to play
1976 Bayern Munich


(FRGmarker)
2 - 0 Cruzeiromarker


(BRAmarker)
Olympiastadionmarker,

Munichmarker
Cruzeiromarker


(BRAmarker)
0 - 0 Bayern Munich


(FRGmarker)
Mineirãomarker,

Belo Horizontemarker
Bayern Munich won 2-0 on aggregate
1975 NOT HELD

Bayern Munich Independiente
vs

(FRGmarker) (ARGmarker)
Both teams could not agree on dates to play
1974

Details
Independiente


(ARGmarker)
1 - 0 Atlético Madrid


(ESPmarker)
Estadio Almirante Corderomarker,

Avellanedamarker
Atlético Madrid


(ESPmarker)
2 - 0 Independiente


(ARGmarker)
Vicente Calderónmarker,

Madridmarker
Atlético Madrid won 2-1 on aggregate

Note: European champions Bayern Munich (FRGmarker) declined to play
1973

Details
Juventus


(ITAmarker)
0 - 1 Independiente


(ARGmarker)
Stadio Olimpicomarker,

Romemarker
Single match played

Note: European champions Ajax (NEDmarker) declined to play
1972 Independiente


(ARGmarker)
1 - 1 Ajax


(NEDmarker)
Estadio Almirante Corderomarker,

Avellanedamarker
Ajax


(NEDmarker)
3 - 0 Independiente


(ARGmarker)
Olympic Stadiummarker,

Amsterdammarker
Ajax won 4-1 on aggregate
1971

Details
Panathinaikos


(GREmarker)
1 - 1 Nacional


(URUmarker)
Karaiskakimarker,

Athensmarker
Nacional


(URUmarker)
2 - 1 Panathinaikos


(GREmarker)
Estadio Centenariomarker,

Montevideomarker
Nacional won 3-2 on aggregate

Note: European champions Ajax (NEDmarker) declined to play
1970 Estudiantes La Plata


(ARGmarker)
2 - 2 Feyenoord


(NEDmarker)
La Bomboneramarker,

Buenos Airesmarker
Feyenoord


(NEDmarker)
1 - 0 Estudiantes La Plata


(ARGmarker)
De Kuipmarker,

Rotterdammarker
Feyenoord won 3-2 on aggregate
1969 Milan


(ITAmarker)
3 - 0 Estudiantes La Plata


(ARGmarker)
San Siromarker,

Milanmarker
Estudiantes La Plata


(ARGmarker)
2 - 1 Milan


(ITAmarker)
La Bomboneramarker,

Buenos Airesmarker
Milan won 4-2 on aggregate
1968

Details
Estudiantes La Plata


(ARGmarker)
1 - 0 Manchester United


(ENGmarker)
La Bomboneramarker,

Buenos Airesmarker
Manchester United


(ENGmarker)
1 - 1 Estudiantes La Plata


(ARGmarker)
Old Traffordmarker,

Manchestermarker
Estudiantes La Plata won with 3 points
1967 Celtic


(SCOmarker)
1 - 0 Racing Clubmarker


(ARGmarker)
Hampden Parkmarker,

Glasgowmarker
Racing Clubmarker


(ARGmarker)
2 - 1 Celtic


(SCOmarker)
El Cilindro,

Avellanedamarker
Racing Clubmarker


(ARGmarker)
1 - 0 Celtic


(SCOmarker)
Estadio Centenariomarker,

Montevideomarker
Both teams tied with 2 points each

Racing Clubmarker won the decisive playoff match
1966 Peñarol


(URUmarker)
2 - 0 Real Madrid


(ESPmarker)
Estadio Centenariomarker,

Montevideomarker
Real Madrid


(ESPmarker)
0 - 2 Peñarol


(URUmarker)
Santiago Bernabéumarker,

Madridmarker
Peñarol won with 4 points
1965 Internazionale


(ITAmarker)
3 - 0 Independiente


(ARGmarker)
Giuseppe Meazzamarker,

Milanmarker
Independiente


(ARGmarker)
0 - 0 Internazionale


(ITAmarker)
Estadio Almirante Corderomarker,

Avellanedamarker
Internazionale won with 3 points
1964 Independiente


(ARGmarker)
1 - 0 Internazionale


(ITAmarker)
Estadio Almirante Corderomarker,

Avellanedamarker
Internazionale


(ITAmarker)
2 - 0 Independiente


(ARGmarker)
Giuseppe Meazzamarker,

Milanmarker
Internazionale


(ITAmarker)
1 - 0

aet
Independiente


(ARGmarker)
Santiago Bernabéumarker,

Madridmarker
Both teams tied with 2 points each

Internazionale won the decisive playoff match
1963 Milan


(ITAmarker)
4 - 2 Santos


(BRAmarker)
San Siromarker,

Milanmarker
Santos


(BRAmarker)
4 - 2 Milan


(ITAmarker)
Maracanãmarker,

Rio de Janeiromarker
Santos


(BRAmarker)
1 - 0 Milan


(ITAmarker)
Maracanãmarker,

Rio de Janeiromarker
Both teams tied with 2 points each

Santos won the decisive playoff match
1962 Santos


(BRAmarker)
3 - 2 Benfica


(PORmarker)
Maracanãmarker,

Rio de Janeiromarker
Benfica


(PORmarker)
2 - 5 Santos


(BRAmarker)
Estádio da Luzmarker,

Lisbonmarker
Santos won with 4 points
1961

Details
Benfica


(PORmarker)
1 - 0 Peñarol


(URUmarker)
Estádio da Luzmarker,

Lisbonmarker
Peñarol


(URUmarker)
5 - 0 Benfica


(PORmarker)
Estadio Centenariomarker,

Montevideomarker
Peñarol


(URUmarker)
2 - 1 Benfica


(PORmarker)
Estadio Centenariomarker,

Montevideomarker
Both teams tied with 2 points each

Peñarol won the decisive playoff match
1960

Details
Peñarol


(URUmarker)
0 - 0 Real Madrid


(ESPmarker)
Estadio Centenariomarker,

Montevideomarker
Real Madrid


(ESPmarker)
5 - 1 Peñarol


(URUmarker)
Santiago Bernabéumarker,

Madridmarker
Real Madrid won with 3 points


aet - after extra time

Statistics

By team

Team Cups Years
Real Madrid 3 (1960, 1998, 2002)
Boca Juniors 3 (1977, 2000, 2003)
Nacional 3 (1971, 1980, 1988)
Peñarol 3 (1961, 1966, 1982)
Milan 3 (1969, 1989,1990)
São Paulo 2 (1992, 1993)
Porto 2 (1987, 2004)
Santos 2 (1962, 1963)
Internazionale 2 (1964, 1965)
Independiente 2 (1973, 1984)
Ajax 2 (1972, 1995)
Juventus 2 (1985, 1996)
Bayern Munich 2 (1976, 2001)
Manchester United 1 (1999)
Estudiantes La Plata 1 (1968)
Feyenoord 1 (1970)
Racing Clubmarker 1 (1967)
Atlético Madrid 1 (1974)
Olimpia 1 (1979)
Flamengo 1 (1981)
Grêmio 1 (1983)
River Plate 1 (1986)
Red Star Belgrade 1 (1991)
Vélez Sársfield 1 (1994)
Borussia Dortmund 1 (1997)


By country

Country Teams Cups Years
Argentina 6 9 (1967, 1968, 1973, 1977, 1984, 1986, 1994, 2000, 2003)
Italy 3 7 (1964, 1965, 1969, 1985, 1989, 1990, 1996)
Brazil 4 6 (1962, 1963, 1981, 1983, 1992, 1993)
Uruguay 2 6 (1961, 1966, 1971, 1980, 1982, 1988)
Spain 2 4 (1960, 1974, 1998, 2002)
Germany 2 3 (1976, 1997, 2001)
Netherlands 2 3 (1970, 1972, 1995)
Portugal 1 2 (1987, 2004)
England 1 1 (1999)
Paraguay 1 1 (1979)
Yugoslavia 1 1 (1991)


By continent

Continent Teams Countries Cups
South America 13 4 22
Europe 12 7 21


Coaches

Carlos Bianchi won three editions as coach: one with Vélez Sársfield in 1994, and 2 with Boca Juniors in 2000 and 2003.

Luis Cubilla and Juan Mujica, 2 Uruguayans won cups both as a player and coaching:

Players



Man of the Match

Since 1980

Year Player Club
2004 Maniche Porto
2003 Matías Donnet Boca Juniors
2002 Ronaldo Real Madrid
2001 Samuel Kuffour Bayern Munich
2000 Martín Palermo Boca Juniors
1999 Ryan Giggs Manchester United
1998 Raúl Real Madrid
1997 Andreas Möller Borussia Dortmund
1996 Alessandro Del Piero Juventus
1995 Danny Blind Ajax
1994 Omar Asad Vélez Sársfield
1993 Cerezo São Paulo
1992 Raí São Paulo
1991 Vladimir Jugović Red Star Belgrade
1990 Frank Rijkaard Milan
1989 Alberigo Evani Milan
1988 Santiago Ostolaza Nacional
1987 Rabah Madjer Porto
1986 Antonio Alzamendi River Plate
1985 Michel Platini Juventus
1984 José Percudani Independiente
1983 Renato Gaúcho Grêmio
1982 Jair Peñarol
1981 Zico Flamengo
1980 Waldemar Victorino Nacional


See also



External links




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