Interhelpo was an industrial cooperative of workers and farmers (esperantists and idist)
between 1923 and 1943, established for the special purpose of
helping to build up socialism in Soviet Kyrgyzstan.
founded in 1923 in Žilina, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia). Trains from railway
stations Žilina and Brno transported
1078 persons (including mainly Czechs and Slovaks, but also
Hungarians, Ruthenians and other nationalities, and including both
direct members and their families) to Kyrgizia.
Its members made many products on the ‘green meadow’. The famous
Slovak politician Alexander
also participated in this cooperative as a boy.
The cooperative constructed among other objects:
- in 1925: an electric power station
- in 1927: a textile factory
- in 1928: a melting-house
- a furniture factory
- railroads, hospitals, main government building in the capital
In 1925, the Interhelpo was declared the best cooperative in the
Soviet Union. In 1934 it made 20 percent of Kyrgizia's industrial
Interhelpo was liquidated in 1943. Its members were persecuted by
and many executed as enemies of
the Soviet Union.