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The International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) is an international confederation of national amateur radio organisations that allows a forum for common matters of concern and collectively represents matters to the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). Following an informal meeting in 1924 of representatives from Francemarker, Great Britainmarker, Belgiummarker, Switzerlandmarker, Italymarker, Spainmarker, Luxembourgmarker, Canadamarker, and the United Statesmarker, a plan was formulated to hold an International Amateur Congress in Parismarker, France in April, 1925, for the purpose of founding an international amateur radio organization. The Congress was attended by representatives of 23 countries in Europe, North America, South America, and Asia. A constitution for the IARU was adopted on April 17, and the formation of the International Amateur Radio Union was ratified on April 18, 1925. As of February, 2009, the International Amateur Radio Union is composed of 162 national member societies.

Governance

The IARU has an elected President, Vice President, Secretary and other officials (including regional representatives) forming an Administrative Council. These office holders are presently Larry E. Price, President; Timothy Ellam, Vice-President and David Sumner, Secretary. The IARU International Secretariat (IARUIS) is operated by a member society after election by members. Currently, the American Radio Relay League (ARRL) operates the IARUIS from its headquarters in Newington, Connecticutmarker, USA.

Regional organisation

The IARU is organised into three regions, named Region 1, Region 2, and Region 3. These regions correspond with the regulatory regions used by the International Telecommunications Union. Each region has an Executive Committee, composed of a President, Vice-President, Secretary, and Treasurer. These regional officers are elected by representatives from the member societies at triennial regional conferences. Coordinators may be appointed by the Executive Committee of the region to support particular areas within the region, or to promote certain amateur radio activities within the region. All three regions have appointed Coordinators for Amateur Radio Direction Finding, emergency communications, monitoring for electromagnetic interference, and radio propagation.

IARU Region 1

IARU Region 1 Member Societies.
IARU Region 1 includes the member societies representing amateur radio operators in Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and northern Asia. IARU Region 1 has the largest number of member societies among the three IARU regions, and has been the source of several international initiatives. IARU Region 1 lobbying efforts led to the creation of the 30 meter, 17 meter, and 12 meter amateur radio bands, improving the standardization of reciprocal licensing, and promoting Amateur Radio Direction Finding.

Country Member Society Abbreviation
Albanian Amateur Radio Association AARA
Amateurs Radio Algeriens ARA
Unió de Radioaficionats Andorrans URA
Federation of Radiosport of the Republic of Armenia FRRA
Österreichischer Versuchssenderverband OEVSV
Amateur Radio Association of Bahrain ARAB
Belarussian Federation of Radioamateurs and Radiosportsmen BFRR
Royal Union of Belgian Radio Amateurs UBA
Asocijacija Radioamatera u Bosne i Hercegovine ARABH
Botswana Amateur Radio Society BARS
Bulgarian Federation of Radio Amateurs BFRA
Association des Radioamateurs du Burkina Faso ARBF
Association des Radio Amateurs du Cameroun ARTJ
Association Des Radio Amateurs Ivoiriens ARAI
Hrvatski Radioamaterski Savez HRS
Cyprus Amateur Radio Society CARS
Český Radioklub CRK
Association des Radio Amateurs du Congo ARAC
Experimenterende Danske Radioamatører EDR
Association des Radioamateurs de Djibouti ARAD
Egypt Amateurs Radio Assembly EARA
Eesti Raadioamatööride Ühing ERAU
Ethiopian Amateur Radio Society EARS
Føroyskir Radioamatørar FRA
Suomen Radioamatööriliitto SRAL
Réseau des Émetteurs Françaismarker REF
Association Gabonaise des Radio-Amateurs AGRA
Radio Society of The Gambia RSTG
National Association Radioamateurs of Georgia NARG
Deutscher Amateur-Radio-Clubmarker DARC
Ghana Amateur Radio Society GARS
Gibraltar Amateur Radio Society GARS
Radio Amateur Association of Greece RAAG
Association des Radioamateurs de Guinea ARGUI
Magyar Rádióamatõr Szövetség MRASZ
Íslenskir Radíóamatörar IRA
Iraqi Amateur Radio Society IARS
Irish Radio Transmitters Society IRTS
Israel Amateur Radio Club IARC
Associazione Radioamatori Italiani ARI
Royal Jordanian Radio Amateur Society RJRAS
Kazakhstan Federation of Radiosport and Radio Amateur KFRR
Amateur Radio Society of Kenya ARSK
Kuwait Amateur Radio Society KARS
Latvijas Radio Amatieru Līga LRAL
Radio Amateurs of Lebanon RAL
Lesotho Amateur Radio Society LARS
Liberia Radio Amateur Association LRAA
Amateurfunk Verein Liechtenstein AFVL
Lietuvos Radijo Mėgėjų Draugija LRMD
Réseau Luxembourgeois des Amateurs d'Ondes Courtes RL
Radioamaterski Sojuz na Makedonija RSM
Club des Radioamateurs et Affilies du Mali CRAM
Malta Amateur Radio League MARL
Mauritius Amateur Radio Society MARS
Asociatia Radioamatorilor din Moldova ARM
Association des Radio-Amateurs de Monaco ARM
Mongolian Radio Sport Federation MRSF
Association Royale des Radio Amateurs du Maroc ARRAM
Liga dos Rádio Emissores de Moçambique LREM
Namibian Amateur Radio League NARL
Vereniging voor Experimenteel Radio Onderzoek Nederlandmarker VERON
Nigeria Amateur Radio Society NARS
Norsk Radio Relæ Liga NRRL
Royal Omani Amateur Radio Society ROARS
Polski Związek Krótkofalowców PZK
Rede dos Emissores Portugueses REP
Qatar Amateur Radio Society QARS
Federaţia Română de Radioamatorism FRR
Russian Amateur Radio Union SRR
Associazione Radioamatori della Repubblica di San Marino ARRSM
Association des Radio-Amateurs du Senegal ARAS
Savez Radio-Amatera Srbije SRS
Sierra Leone Amateur Radio Society SLARS
Slovenský Zväz Rádioamatérov SZR
Zveza Radioamaterjev Slovenije ZRS
South African Radio League SARL
Unión de Radioaficionados Españolesmarker URE
Radio Society of Swaziland RSS
Föreningen Sveriges Sändareamatörermarker SSA
Union of Swiss Short Wave Amateurs USKA
Syrian Scientific Technical Amateur Radio Society SSTARS
Tajik Amateur Radio League TARL
Tanzania Amateur Radio Club TARC
Association Tunisienne des Radioamateurs ASTRA
Telsiz ve Radyo Amatörleri Cemiyeti TRAC
Liga Radiolyubiteley Turkmenistana LRT
Uganda Amateur Radio Society UARS
Ukrainian Amateur Radio League UARL
Emirates Amateur Radio Society EARS
Radio Society of Great Britain RSGB
Radio Society of Zambia RSZ
Zimbabwe Amateur Radio Society ZARS


IARU Region 2

IARU Region 2 Member Societies.
IARU Region 2 includes the member societies representing amateur radio operators in North and South America. The organization of IARU Region 2 was founded in 1964 when representatives from 15 national radio societies attended the First Panamerican Radio Amateur Congress in Mexico Citymarker, Mexicomarker. Antonio Pita, XE1CCP was the region's first elected President.

Country Member Society Abbreviation
Anguilla Amateur Radio Society AARS
Antigua and Barbuda Amateur Radio Society ABARS
Radio Club Argentino RCA
Aruba Amateur Radio Club AARC
Bahamas Amateur Radio Society BARS
Amateur Radio Society of Barbados ARSB
Belize Amateur Radio Club BARC
Radio Society of Bermuda RSB
Radio Club Boliviano RCB
Liga de Amadores Brasileiros de Rádio Emissão LABRE
British Virgin Islands Radio League BVIRL
Radio Amateurs of Canada RAC
Cayman Amateur Radio Society CARS
Radio Club de Chile RCCH
Liga Colombiana de Radioaficionados LCRA
Radio Club de Costa Rica RCCR
Federacion de Radioaficionados de Cuba FRC
Dominica Amateur Radio Club DARCI
Radio Club Dominicano RCD
Guayaquil Radio Club GRC
Club de Radio Aficionados de El Salvador CRAS
Grenada Amateur Radio Club GARC
Club de Radioaficionados de Guatemala CRAG
Guyana Amateur Radio Association GARA
Radio Club d'Haïti RCH
Radio Club de Honduras RCH
Jamaica Amateur Radio Association JARA
Federacion Mexicana de Radio Experimentadores FMRE
Montserrat Amateur Radio Society MARS
Vereniging voor Experimenteel Radio Onderzoek in de Nederlandse Antillen VERONA
Club de Radioexperimentadores de Nicaragua CREN
Liga Panameña de Radioaficionados LPRA
Radio Club Paraguayo RCP
Radio Club Peruano RCP
Vereniging van Radio Amateurs in Suriname VRAS
Trinidad and Tobago Amateur Radio Society TTARS
Turks and Caicos Amateur Radio Society TACARS
American Radio Relay League ARRL
Radio Club Uruguayo RCU
Radio Club Venezolano RCV


IARU Region 3

IARU Region 3 Member Societies.
IARU Region 3 includes the member societies representing amateur radio operators in Australia, most of Asia, and the Pacific Islands. Although most of their membership is located in other IARU regions, the American Radio Relay League and the Radio Society of Great Britain are full member societies of IARU Region 3. The ARRL represents amateur radio operators in the U.S. state of Hawaiimarker and in American Samoamarker, Guammarker, and other dependent territories in the Pacific Oceanmarker. The RSGB represents amateur radio operators in the British Indian Ocean Territorymarker. IARU Region 3 has a special emphasis on promoting the harmonization of license qualifications in an effort to promote easier reciprocal operations by amateur radio operators in the region.

Country Member Society Abbreviation
Wireless Institute of Australia WIA
Bangladesh Amateur Radio League BARL
Brunei Darussalam Amateur Radio Association BDARA
Chinese Radio Sports Association CRSA
Chinese Taipei Amateur Radio League CTARL
Fiji Association of Radio Amateurs FARA
Club Oceanien de Radio et d'Astronomie CORA
Hong Kong Amateur Radio Transmitting Society HARTS
Amateur Radio Society of India ARSI
Organisasi Amatir Radio Indonesia ORARI
Japan Amateur Radio League JARL
Associação dos Radioamadores de Macau ARM
Malaysian Amateur Radio Transmitters' Society MARTS
Burma Amateur Radio Transmitting Society BARTS
Association des Radio-Amateurs de Nouvelle-Calédonie ARANC
New Zealand Association of Radio Transmitters NZART
Pakistan Amateur Radio Society PARS
Papua New Guinea Amateur Radio Society PNGARS
Philippine Amateur Radio Association PARA
Pitcairn Island Amateur Radio Association PIARA
Samoa Amateur Radio Club SARC
Singapore Amateur Radio Transmitting Society SARTS
Solomon Islands Radio Society SIRS
Korean Amateur Radio League KARL
Radio Society of Sri Lanka RSSL
Radio Amateur Society of Thailand RAST
Amateur Radio Club of Tonga ARCOT
Radio Society of Great Britain RSGB
American Radio Relay League ARRL
Vanuatu Amateur Radio Society VARS
Vietnam Amateur Radio Club VARC


Radiosport

The IARU organises and promotes radiosport activities throughout the world. The rules used for High Speed Telegraphy are maintained by a Working Group of the IARU, and regional and world championships in the sport are sponsored by the IARU. Amateur Radio Direction Finding is similarly supported by the organisation, with a standing Working Group responsible for maintaining the rules used by most international events, including IARU-sponsored regional and world championships. The IARU is less directly involved in the sport of contesting, but does sponsor an annual competition known as the IARU HF World Championship. The IARU does not directly administer any of these sporting events, but authorises and sponsors them through host organisations.

Operating Station and the WAC Award

The IARU maintains a radio station at its headquarters in Newington, Connecticut. Its callsign is NU1AW. As an amateur radio station licensed by the U.S. Federal Communications Commission the "1" stands for its location in the New Englandmarker area. "NU" were taken from the pre-1928 era when amateurs made up their own prefixes, and informally used these letters to show they were in "North America--USA". The "AW" suffix represents the connection with the American Radio Relay League, whose own station is W1AW. NU1AW is frequently active during amateur radio contests.

For many years the IARU has issued the Worked All Continents certificate to amateurs who contact fellow hams in the six permanently populated continental areas of the world. Special awards and endorsements for various bands and modes are also available.

References

  1. Sumner, David (2000). "IARU 75th Anniversary, 18 April 2000". The Calendar, International Amateur Radio Union, No. 180, March 15, 2000.
  2. American Radio Relay League (2009). "IARU Member-Societies Ratify New Officers, Vote to Admit New Members". Retrieved February 19, 2009.
  3. International Amateur Radio Union (2005). "The IARU International Secretariat". January 11, 2005.
  4. International Amateur Radio Union Region 1 (2008). "About IARU and IARU Region 1". Retrieved August 5, 2008.
  5. International Amateur Radio Union (2008). "IARU-R2 History". Retrieved Aug. 5, 2008.
  6. International Amateur Radio Union Region 3 (2008). "Directory". Retrieved Aug. 5, 2008.
  7. International Amateur Radio Union (2007). "IARU Contests". Jul. 23, 2007.
  8. International Amateur Radio Unin (1996). NU1AW: IARU's Club Station Retrieved November 30, 2008.


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