International Tchaikovsky Competition is a
competition in Moscow,
Russia. Named after Russian composer Pyotr
Ilyich Tchaikovsky, it has been scheduled to take place in
Moscow every four years since 1958.
2006 the competition was delayed by one year, and the next
competition took place in 2007, after which the competition will
resume the quadrennial schedule, thus being like an olympiad of
To maintain the high level of the competition the organizers have
implemented significant changes for the 2007 competition. From 2007
onwards, (i) the organizing committee will provide assistance for
the laureates in arranging concerts around the world; (ii) the
jury's voting system changes from closed-point voting to open
voting; and (iii) the competition is broadcast on the
Originally the competition was for pianists and violinists only.
Cellists were added starting with the second competition in 1962,
and vocalists with the third in 1966. Since 1990 there has also
been a competition for violin makers who compete in craftsmanship
of violin, viola, and cello and their respective bows. No other
categories have been added since then.
The competition is organized by a committee of prominent Russian
musicians and managed by the Russian State Concert Company
(Sodruzhestvo). International juries
, music professors
and prior Competition winners are selected to judge
the performances and choose the prize winners.
Three elimination rounds
throughout the month of June. Currently, 26 prizes are awarded: six
in each instrumental category and four each for male and female
vocalists. Sometimes, however, no one wins first prize, or it may
be shared between competitors. This can also occur with the lesser
prizes. In earlier years, up to eight prizes were awarded.
Top prize winners
Winners of the top prize awarded in the given year and category
(first prize, unless otherwise noted).