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Interstate 287 (abbreviated I-287) is a major Interstate Highway in New Jerseymarker and New Yorkmarker. It is a partial Beltway around New York City, serving the northern half of New Jersey and the counties of Rocklandmarker and Westchestermarker in New York. I-287 follows a roughly horseshoe-shaped route. It is the third-longest auxiliary Interstate Highway in the country; only Interstate 476 in Pennsylvaniamarker and Interstate 495 in Massachusettsmarker are longer.

Originally, I-287 was long disjointed because of community opposition. The New York stretch effectively ended at Suffernmarker, and the New Jersey portion at U.S. Route 202 in Montvillemarker, only about from the Interstate 80 interchange, with a gap in between. In the late 1980s, construction finally commenced, with the missing section opening in November 1993.

Route description

Although I-287 is an auxiliary route of Interstate 87, both of its termini are located at Interstate 95. It is the only three-digit interstate which goes through more states than its parent route; I-87 is an intrastateinterstate.

New Jersey

I-287 in rock cuts in Passaic County, New Jersey.
In the state of New Jersey, much of I-287 parallels U.S.Route 202.

Beginning at the New York-New Jersey state line in Mahwah Townshipmarker, it receives a North/South designation like its parent I-87 and begins its run south, cutting through hills and mountains.Between Mahwah Township and the Boro of Oaklandmarker/Boro of Franklin Lakesmarker, the freeway has two lanes in each direction.South of Exit 58, the freeway has three lanes in each direction, and goes through a steep valley on a bridge over the Wanaque River. Due to the high elevations, the freeway (at some points) has an extra 4th lane to accommodate for slower automobile traffic.

Map of New Jersey
The freeway then intersects Interstate 80 in Parsippany-Troy Hills Townshipmarker, and then accommodates up to at least 5 lanes in each direction.It continues further south, through Morristownmarker (where the lanes are 3-4 in each direction) and eventually to Bedminster Townshipmarker, where it intersects Interstate 78.At this point, I-287 then splits into a dualized roadway configuration. The roadway splits for about , continuing into Bridgewater Townshipmarker.At the interchange for U.S. 202-206, both roadways have exit ramps towards 202/206, and then the lanes merge into three lanes in each direction. The highway then curves southeast and no longer parallels U.S. 202, heading towards Perth Amboymarker.Once I-287 crosses the Raritan River between Exits 10 and 9 (heading south) it becomes the Middlesex Freewayand turns east until its terminus. I-287 ends at the interchange for the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) in Edison Township, New Jerseymarker; however, the roadway continues as Route 440 towards Staten Islandmarker.

New York

Working counter-clockwise, I-287 begins in Port Chester, New Yorkmarker at the New England Thruway (Interstate 95) with an East/West designation until the New Jersey State Line.It is also called the Cross-Westchester Expresswaymarker until the New York State Thruway merge.Once merged with the northbound Thruway (and northbound Interstate 87), it crosses the Tappan Zee Bridgemarker over the Hudson River between Tarrytownmarker and Nyackmarker, and continues west to Suffernmarker.It then leaves the Thruway (and Interstate 87) and crosses the New Jersey border.

Legally, the New York section of I-287 is defined as Interstate Route Connections 520 and 525 in New York Highway Law § 340-a.

History

I-287 was to continue past I-95 in Port Chester and was to cross Long Island Soundmarker via the (unbuilt) Oyster Bay-Rye Bridge and absorb the Seaford Oyster Bay Expressway (NY 135).Then, I-287 was again to be extended into Jones Beachmarker by merging with the Wantagh State Parkway in Merrickmarker.These plans were dropped as a result of community opposition and environmental concerns. Evidence of this exists at the northern end of NY 135 at exit 14 (NY 25) where there is an incomplete cloverleaf interchangeand the southern end at exit 1 where there is a non-conventional interchange with Merrick Road.

I-287's uncompleted section between Montville and Suffern, NY was the source of a great deal of controversy dating back at least to 1965, and continuing on through its opening in 1993. Property owners along the proposed route fought its completion as part of the freeway revoltsof the 1960s and 1970s. Eventually, a route was agreed upon and permits allowing construction to begin were issued in 1988. However, officials in Rockland Countymarker, New Yorkmarker, filed a lawsuit on November 19, 1993, hours before the highway's official ribbon-cutting, seeking to block its opening, claiming the incomplete interchange with the New York State Thruway was inadequate to handle the additional traffic.That interchange was not completed until January 1994, but the highway nevertheless opened as planned.

Future

Tappan Zee replacement

Due to the congestion along I-87/I-287 and the aging and decay of the over fifty-year old Tappan Zee Bridgemarker, talks have begun regarding the possibility of replacing the bridge.A variety of transportation improvements are currently being considered, including a commuter rail system that would link the western shore of the Hudson River with Westchester Countymarker and New York Citymarker.Several alternatives are being considered to replace the bridge. Currently, the favored alternative is a cable-stayedspan.

Rehabiltion in New Jersey

NJDOT started the Interstate 287 (Middlesex Freeway) Rehabilitation Projectin August 2007 to resurface the pavement between Exit 5 in the Boro of South Plainfield and Interstate-95/New Jersey Turnpike in Edison Township, which is used by about 150,000 vehicles daily. Some of the bridges/overpasses had deteriorated to such a state that they needed to be replaced. This project is scheduled to end in November 2009.

On September 17, 2009, NJDOT annouced the start of another rehabilitation and repaving project from Exit 5 to the area of Exit 10 in Franklin Townshipmarker.This project is expected to be finished by fall 2011.

A new crossing to Long Island?

In 2007, a private firm, Polimeni Associates, proposed to construct a 17-mile long tunnel called the Cross Sound Link. It would start at the junction with the Cross Westcher Expy & the New England Trwy in Ryemarker and end at NY 135 and NY 25 in Syossetmarker.Estimated to cost apprioxmiately $10 billion, it would feature three tubes: the outer tubes would be for vehicular traffic and the inner tube would be for mass transit. It is currently being determined if the new crossing would be feasible.

Miscellanea

New Jersey state line along Interstate 287 south
The entire New York section is operated by the New York State Thruway Authority, although only the section shared with I-87is part of the mainline Thruway. The rest of the NY section is called the Cross-Westchester Expresswaymarker.No tolls exist on this portion, and signs mentioning the Thruway Authority are rare along its length. This arrangement was similar to that of Interstate 84in New York, prior to October 30, 2006.

I-287 interchange with I-87 in Suffern, New York.
The New Jersey state line is about halfway up the photo.


In New York, Thruway exits 8 and 8A and Cross-Westchester Expressway exit 1 are now combined in one interchange. Formerly, there were two separate interchanges: Thruway interchange 8, to the Cross-Westchester, and Cross-Westchester exit 1 (Saw Mill River Parkway to/from north only (use Thruway interchange 7A for to/from south), with access only to/from west (use interchange 3 for access to/from the east)). Due to the recent rebuilding of interchange 8, traffic from I-287 east that remains on the Thruway beyond the point where I-287 leaves it can exit at 8A, which leads to what appears to be a service road for the CWX, but ends up leading to the Saw Mill. However, to reach I-287 west from the Saw Mill south, one must merge with I-287 before merging with the Thruway (no 8A).

In New Jersey, I-287 is one of the most heavily-traveled freeways to be utilized by tractor-trailers (besides the Turnpike) from Mahwah Township, New Jerseymarker and Suffern, New Yorkmarker (at Interstate 87/New York State Thruway) to the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) in Edison Township, New Jerseymarker.This is due in part to the tractor-trailer restrictions on the Garden State Parkway.

Exit list

New Jersey



New York



References

  • 2005 Rand McNally Road Atlas
  • "Missing Link of Interstate Opens, Despite Lawsuit." The New York Times, November 20, 1993. Metropolitan Desk, p. 26.


External links



NJmarker 67.54 108.70
NYmarker 31.18 50.18
Total 98.72 158.87
County
Location
#
Mile
Destinations
Notes
Roadway continues as Route 440 northbound
Middlesexmarker
Edison Townshipmarker
0.00
I-95/New Jersey Turnpike – Trentonmarker, Philadelphiamarker, Newarkmarker, New York Citymarker
1A-B
0.93
US 1/CR 531 – Trentonmarker, Newarkmarker
CR 531 South is accessible from Southbound traffic only
2A-B
2.24
NJ 27 – Metuchenmarker, New Brunswickmarker
Northbound exit, southbound entrance
3
3.09
CR 501, New Durham Road – Edisonmarker, Metuchenmarker
Southbound exit, northbound entrance
South Plainfield Boromarker
4
4.62
Durham Avenue – South Plainfield
Northbound exit, southbound entrance
South Plainfield Boromarker/Piscataway Townshipmarker
5
5.88
CR 529, Stelton Road – Dunellenmarker, Edisonmarker
Piscataway Townshipmarker
6
6.41
Washington Avenue – Piscatawaymarker, Dunellenmarker
Northbound exit and entrance, southbound exit only
7
7.27
South Randolphville Road – Piscatawaymarker, Middlesexmarker
8
8.47
Possumtown Road – Middlesexmarker, Highland Parkmarker
Northbound exit and entrance
8
8.47
Centennial Avenue - Middlesexmarker, Highland Parkmarker
Southbound exit and entrance
9
9.95
CR 622, River Road – Middlesexmarker, New Brunswickmarker
Somersetmarker
Franklin Townshipmarker
10
10.27
CR 527, Easton Avenue – New Brunswickmarker, Somersetmarker, South Bound Brookmarker
12
12.30
Weston Canal Road
Bridgewater Townshipmarker
13
13.50
NJ 28 – Somervillemarker, Middlesexmarker
Split into 13A/B northbound
14A
14.24
US 22 east – New York Citymarker
14B
14.35
US 22 west to US 202/US 206 south – Bridgewatermarker
Northbound exit and entrance, southbound entrance only
17
17.86
US 202/US 206 south to US 22 west – Somervillemarker, Flemingtonmarker
Southbound exit, northbound entrance
Bedminster Townshipmarker
21A-B
21.17
Interstate 78 – Easton, PAmarker, New York Citymarker
22A-B
22.21
US 202/US 206 – Pluckeminmarker, Bedminstermarker, Netcongmarker
Bernards Townshipmarker
26A-B
26.48
CR 525, Mt. Airy Road – Basking Ridgemarker, Liberty Cornermarker, Bernardsvillemarker
30A
29.94
North Maple Avenue – Basking Ridgemarker
30B
US 202
Morrismarker
Morris Townshipmarker
33
34.02
Harter Road – Jockey Hollow
Town of Morristownmarker
35
35.77

35.89
NJ 124, South Street, Madison Avenue – Morristownmarker
36
36.39

36.60
CR 510, Morris Avenue, Lafayette Avenue – Morristownmarker
Split into 36A/B northbound
Hanover Townshipmarker
37
37.92

38.00
NJ 24 east to Interstate 78 – Springfieldmarker
39
39.55
NJ 10 – Dovermarker, Whippanymarker
Parsippany-Troy Hills Townshipmarker
40
40.94
CR 511 – Parsippany
41
42.02
Interstate 80 – Delaware Water Gapmarker, New York Citymarker
42
42.74
US 46, US 202 – Dovermarker
43
44.06
Intervale Road – Mountain Lakesmarker
Town of Boontonmarker
44
44.95
Main Street – Boontonmarker
45
45.68
Wootton Street – Boontonmarker
Montville Townshipmarker
47
47.11
US 202, Main Road – Montvillemarker, Lincoln Parkmarker
Boro of Riverdalemarker
52
53.14
NJ 23 – Butlermarker, Waynemarker
53
53.83


CR 511 ALT, Paterson-Hamburg Turnpike
Passaicmarker
Boro of Wanaquemarker
55
55.31


CR 511, CR 511 ALT, Ringwood Avenue
Bergenmarker
Boro of Oaklandmarker
57
58.13
Skyline Drive, West Oakland Avenue
58
58.86
US 202, Ramapo Valley Road – Oaklandmarker
Boro of Oaklandmarker/Boro of Franklin Lakesmarker
59
59.94
NJ 208 south – Franklin Lakesmarker
Mahwah Townshipmarker
66
66.94
NJ 17 south – Mahwahmarker
I-287/NJ 17 concurrency begins northbound, ends southbound
County
Location
Mile
#
Destinations
Notes
Rocklandmarker
Hillburnmarker
0.00
New Jerseymarker state line.
South end of NY 17

North end of NJ 17
0.65
(15)
I-87/Thruway north / NY 17 north
North end of overlap with NY 17

West end of overlap with I-87
I-287 overlaps with the New York State Thruway for and uses Thruway exit numbers.

See Thruway exit list (exits 15 to 8) for details.
Westchestermarker
Greenburghmarker
19.78
(8)
I-87/Thruway south
East end of overlap with I-87
I-287 continues onto the Cross-Westchester Expresswaymarker

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