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Interstate 76 (east): Map

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This article is about the eastern Interstate 76. For the other Interstate 76, see Interstate 76

Interstate 76 (I-76) is an Interstate Highway in the United Statesmarker, running 435 miles (700 km) from an interchange with Interstate 71 west of Akron, Ohiomarker, east to Interstate 295 near Camden, New Jerseymarker.

East of Akron, I-76 joins the Ohio Turnpike and heads around the south side of Youngstownmarker. In Pennsylvaniamarker, I-76 runs across most of the state on the Pennsylvania Turnpike, passing near Pittsburghmarker and Harrisburgmarker before leaving the Turnpike to enter Philadelphiamarker on the Schuylkill Expressway, crossing the Walt Whitman Bridgemarker into New Jerseymarker. From its end at I-295, Route 42 and the Atlantic City Expressway continue the freeway to Atlantic Citymarker.

Route description



Ohio

Lodi to Youngstown

I-76 begins at Interstate 71 at exit 209, east of Lodi, Ohiomarker; U.S.Route 224continues west from the end of I-76. The interchangeis currently a double trumpet, but it is currently being reconstructed until 2010. [113684]) Officially, I-76 begins at the beginning of the ramp from I-71 north; it merges with US 224 at mile 0.61. After passing through rural Medina Countymarker, I-76 enters Summit Countymarker and soon crosses State Route 21 (old US 21), once the main north-south route through the area until Interstate 77 replaced it, at a cloverleaf interchange.I-76 then passes Barbertonmarker and enters Akronmarker; this section of road was built as US 224.

Soon after entering Akron, I-76 exits the main freeway, which continues east as Interstate 277, onto the short Kenmore Expressway; U.S.Route 224leaves I-76 there and continues east as a surface road after I-277 ends at Interstate 77. Shortly after heading north from the I-277 interchange, I-76 meets I-77 and again turns east, joining southbound I-77 through downtown Akron on the West Expressway. A partial interchange provides access to State Route 59, the Innerbelt, and then I-76 crosses through the Central Interchange, where I-77 goes south (on the South Expressway) and State Route 8begins to the north (on the North Expressway); I-76 switches from the West Expressway to the East Expressway.

Leaving the Akron area, I-76 again heads through rural areas, crossing Portage Countymarker and entering Mahoning Countymarker.West of Youngstownmarker, the freeway crosses the Ohio Turnpike.Officially I-76 ends at the Turnpike overpass and I-76K begins on the Turnpike at the overpass, with a similar change happening with Interstate 80and I-80K (east on the freeway to Youngstown and west on the Turnpike). In reality, access between the roads is via a double trumpetconnection in the northeast corner of the crossing, along which I-76 and I-80 both run in opposite directions.

Ohio Turnpike

The Ohio Turnpike carries I-76 starting from around Youngstown, Ohiomarker until the Pennsylvania border.

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania Turnpike

From the Ohio border, the Pennsylvania Turnpike carries I-76 into and across most of Pennsylvania, bypassing all major cities - Youngstownmarker to the south, Pittsburghmarker to the north and Harrisburgmarker to the south.

Schuylkill Expressway

At Valley Forgemarker, northwest of Philadelphiamarker, I-76 leaves the Turnpike to run into Philadelphia on the Schuylkill Expressway, while Interstate 276 continues east on the Turnpike.Immediately after exiting, I-76 interchanges with the U.S.Route 202and U.S.Route 422freeways, and then crosses Interstate 476and begins running along the southwest shore of the Schuylkill River. Interchanges provide access to the Roosevelt Expressway(U.S.Route 1) and Vine Street Expressway(Interstate 676); the latter runs through downtown Philadelphia while I-76 bypasses to the south.


Walt Whitman Bridge

The last interchange before the Walt Whitman Bridgemarker over the Delaware River into New Jersey is with Interstate 95.Some of the ramps involve traffic signals, as the ramps to I-95 were retrofitted into an existing interchange when I-95 was built, and the toll boothfor the bridge lies west of the crossing of the two roads.

New Jersey

North South Freeway

Walt Whitman Bridge
after crossing the river, I-76 turns south along the North-South Freeway, which carries Interstate 676north to downtown Camdenmarker; the unsigned Route 76C connector runs east to U.S.Route 130and Route 168. The exit numbersin New Jersey are backwards, running from east to west.


From the I-676 interchange to the end, I-76 originally had local and express lanes in both directions, but the eastbound barrier has since been removed, and now the separation is westbound only; however, the westbound barrier might also be removed in the future due to plans to rebuild the I-295, I-76, and Route 42interchange. I-76 ends at an interchange with Interstate 295 on the Mount Ephraimmarker/Bellmawrmarker town line, where the local/express split begins heading westbound.Route 42 continues south on the North-South Freeway, feeding into the Atlantic City Expressway to Atlantic Citymarker.While the South Jersey Transportation Authority(which owns the ACE) is not against the idea of making Route 42 and the ACE an eastern extension of I-76, they feel that making the change without a compelling reason would only add to motorists' confusion in southern New Jersey.

History

The majority of I-76, along the Pennsylvania Turnpike, includes the first long-distance rural freewayin the U.S.; the Ohio Turnpikeand Schuylkill Expresswayare also pre-Interstate freeways. By 1955, the section of that route from west of Youngstownmarker to downtown Philadelphiamarker was included in the planned Interstate Highway System, as was present I-76 from west of Youngstown to Akronmarker.(Some early plans called for a new freeway along State Route 14to the Pennsylvania state line; it is unclear when the proposed route was shifted to the Turnpikes.)

In 1957 the route from Clevelandmarker east to Harrisburgmarker, running roughly along the State Route 14 corridor in Ohio and the Turnpike in Pennsylvania, was labeled Interstate 80, and the rest of the route from Harrisburg to Philadelphia was assigned Interstate 80S.(Interstate 80N would have run from Harrisburg to New York Citymarker.) Interstate 78 was assigned to a route from Norwalk, Ohiomarker, paralleling State Route 18 through Akronmarker to Youngstownmarker, and turning south there to end at the planned I-80.

However, the 1957 numbering was drawn on a map from 1947, which did not include several changes that had been approved, specifically the Keystone Shortwayacross Pennsylvania. (The route in that corridor ran further north, along U.S.Route 6, and was numbered Interstate 84.) Thus, the final numbering, approved in 1958, assigned I-80 to the Norwalk-Youngstown route to reach the Keystone Shortway. The former alignment through Cleveland became Interstate 80N; the Turnpike was still not assigned a number from near Elyriamarker (where I-80N and I-90 would split from it) to west of Youngstown.The route from west of Youngstown to Philadelphia was assigned Interstate 80S, and extended east to I-295in New Jersey when the three-digit Interstateswere assigned in 1959. (The planned I-80N in Pennsylvania became I-78.) Initial spurs of I-80S were I-180 (now I-176), I-280 (now I-276), I-480 (now I-476) and I-680 (now I-676, though it swapped with I-76 in 1972).

I-80 was realigned in Ohio by 1962, largely taking over former I-80N, which ran through Clevelandmarker, joining the Turnpike southwest of Cleveland.However, while I-80N was planned to split from I-80 near Kentmarker and run northwest to Clevelandmarker along State Route 14, the new alignment of I-80 used the Turnpike between the crossing west of Youngstown and the crossing with State Route 14 at Streetsboromarker.The former I-80 from near Youngstown west to Akronmarker became part of I-80S, as did a new alignment (already built as U.S.Route 224) from Akron west to I-71 east of Lodimarker; the rest of proposed I-80 west to near Norwalkmarker (which would have crossed I-71 near Medinamarker) was removed from the Interstate Highway System.Ca. 1971, I-80 was moved to the Turnpike between Streetsboro and southwest of Cleveland; the old route became I-480.

"To Turnpike 76" sign in Pennsylvania
On April 16, 1963, due in part to the extension of I-79 south from the Pittsburghmarker area, Pennsylvania proposed a partial renumbering.A new number, tentatively designated I-76, would run from downtown Pittsburgh east on what was then I-70 (I-70S bypassed Pittsburgh to the south on what is now I-70) to the Pennsylvania Turnpike at Monroevillemarker, and then east along the remainder of I-80S to I-295.I-80S would remain on the section of turnpikes from west of Youngstown to Monroeville. This was approved February 26, 1964, and included the renumbering of all X80 spurs to X76.

On June 29, 1970, a renumbering was approved in the Pittsburgh area, with the main effect being rerouting I-79to bypass Pittsburgh to the west on the former I-279. I-279 was moved to the former I-79 north of downtown, and the former I-79 from downtown southwest to new I-79 became a western extension of I-76. (It was then that I-876was designated for former I-479.) A realignment and extension of I-76 into Ohio, taking over the rest of I-80S to I-71 east of Lodi, was approved January 11, 1972. The former I-76 from Monroeville west into downtown Pittsburgh became I-376, and I-279 was extended southwest from downtown along former I-76 to I-79. (I-876 was renumbered to I-579then.) Signs in Ohio were changed September 1, 1972; the old I-80S signs remained for about a year.

On August 29, 1972, a swap of I-76 and I-676 in Philadelphia and Camdenmarker was approved.I-76 had been routed along the Vine Street Expressway and Ben Franklin Bridge (now I-676) through downtown Philadelphia, while I-676 used the Schuylkill Expressway and Walt Whitman Bridgemarker to bypass downtown to the south.The switch was made because of delays in building the Vine Street Expressway and better interchangegeometry at the splits.

The renumbering of a Philadelphia Interstate to 76 in the years leading up the to the Bicentenial Celebrationof the 1776 signing in Philadelphia of the Declaration of Independencegives rise to the question of the highway number being an intentional tribute to the Spirit of '76. USDoTresearch into federal documentation of the I-76 renumbering found no evidence of this being intentional.

Exit list

Ohio

Pennsylvania

New Jersey

The entire route is in Camden Countymarker.

Auxiliary routes



References

  1. Gregory Pietsch, More I-76 and Atlantic City Expressway, misc.transport.road June 10, 2002 (message ID: zc9N8.56$b22.28752931@newssvr15.news.prodigy.com )


External links



OH
82.12
132.16
PA
349.67
562.74
NJ
3.08
4.96
434.87
699.86
Location
Mile
#
Destinations
Notes
Gloucester Citymarker
Walt Whitman Bridgemarker over the Delaware River (state line)
2.21
2
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
1.15
1D
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
1.15
1C
Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
0.76
1C
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance (provides a U-turn for nonexistent movements at the I-295 interchange)
Mount Ephraimmarker
0.13
1B
Bellmawrmarker
0.00
1A
Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
0.00
Continuation beyond I-295

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