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Interstate 84 (abbreviated I-84) is an Interstate Highway extending from Dunmore, Pennsylvaniamarker (near Scrantonmarker) at an intersection with Interstate 81 to Sturbridge, Massachusettsmarker, at an interchange with the Massachusetts Turnpike (Interstate 90). I-84 has mile-log junction numbering in Pennsylvania; otherwise, exit numbers are sequential. There is also a separate I-84 in the Northwestern United Statesmarker.

Route description

Pennsylvania

Interstate 84 starts in Pennsylvania at Interstate 81 in Dunmore, Pennsylvaniamarker, a suburb east of Scrantonmarker.The first two miles (3 km) are concurrentwith Interstate 380. The two split in hilly country outside the city, with I-380 going southeast through the Poconos and I-84 continuing almost due east into Waynemarker and Pikemarker counties.The Pennsylvania section is the only segment of I-84 that uses mile-based exit numbers; it began replacing sequential numbers in 2001.

This section of Pennsylvania is very lightly populated, and there are no major settlements on or near the interstate, although it offers access to popular outdoor recreation areas such as Lake Wallenpaupackmarker and Promised Land State Parkmarker.Its right-of-wayis very wide, with a large median stripbetween the two roadways as it passes through densely wooded country, except for the swampy areas in southern Wayne County. The only development along the road are its easternmost miles in the state, where US 6 and 209 start to parallel closely and form a commercial strip just south of Matamorasmarker, right before the state line.

New York

I-84 enters New York by crossing both the Delaware and Neversink rivers on a long bridge south of Port Jervismarker, the first large settlement near the highway.The first mile of the road in New York runs along the New Jerseymarker state line, then curves to the north to climb the Shawangunks and cross Orange Countymarker, where it forms one leg of a distribution "golden triangle" with NY 17 (soon to be Interstate 86) and the Thruway (I-87).The Thruway Authority maintains I-84 within the state, except for the Newburgh-Beacon Bridge across the Hudson River at Newburghmarker.

East of the bridge and the city of Beaconmarker, I-84 continues to head east across Dutchess Countymarker, beginning to turn south in the mountainous areas east of the Taconic State Parkway and into Putnam Countymarker.At Brewstermarker, where Interstate 684 heads south towards the New York City suburbs, the road resumes its eastern course into Connecticut, closely paralleled by US 6 and 202.

Connecticut

I-84 and downtown WaterburyThe interstate's first exit is at the state line, where it enters the city of Danburymarker.Here it is designated the Yankee Expressway. Two miles to the east, where US 7 comes in from the south at Danbury Fair Mallmarker and joins I-84, it turns to the north.At the next exit, routes 6and 202join the road.

The four-way concurrency ends after , when 7 and 202 split off north towards New Milfordmarker.Route 6 leaves the interstate at the next exit, and I-84 continues east across the countryside. At Exit 11 it turns to the northeast and descends to cross the Housatonic River on the Rochambeau Bridge, into New Haven Countymarker, then climbs into higher ground to the city of Waterburymarker, which it passes on a elevated viaduct with the eastbound and westbound lanes on different levels.Here the CT 8marker expressway intersects.

The eastern heading continues past Waterbury to Milldalemarker, where Interstate 691 splits off in that direction.This section has many left-hand exits and entrances and sharp curves, which were built for a planned network of freeways. I-84 heads northeast towards New Britainmarker and Hartfordmarker, the state capital and the largest community along its eastern length.After intersecting Interstate 91, the road crosses the Connecticut River on the Bulkeley Bridgemarker, oldest on the Interstate system, it becomes the Wilbur Cross Highway and continues towards the northeast.

The last exit in Connecticut is Exit 74, an exit for Route 171. I-84 crosses the Massachusetts border in the town of Unionmarker.

Massachusetts

The Wilbur Cross Highway continues on Interstate 84 after the highway crosses the state line. I-84 only has three exits in Massachusetts, before ending at Interstate 90, the Massachusetts Turnpike. I-84 ends at Exit 9 of I-90, which is located in Sturbridge, Massachusettsmarker, into the state, making the Massachusetts section of the highway the shortest distance within any of the four states it traverses.

History

The Road to Providence

Interstate 84 was originally to head east from Hartford, Connecticutmarker to Providence, Rhode Islandmarker.

Original route

The original route of Interstate 84 would have used present-day Interstate 384 to Bolton, Connecticutmarker, then along a never-built section of freeway that would have connected to the US 6 bypass around Willimantic, Connecticutmarker.Another never-built freeway section would have connected it to Interstate 395 and extended I-84 onto State Road 695 in Connecticut, the easternmost portion of the Connecticut Turnpike in Plainfield, Connecticutmarker.From there, it would have roughly followed US 6 through western Rhode Islandmarker to connect to the present-day US 6 freeway in Johnstonmarker.From there, a freeway from Olneyville Squareto the Interstate 95/Interstate 195interchange was briefly considered, but abandoned in favor of what later became the Route 6-10 Connector.

Environmental concerns

Though the route was basically set in stone in Connecticutmarker, many issues remained in Rhode Islandmarker, the biggest of which were major environmental concerns about how the freeway would affect the Scituate Reservoirmarker, which is the main drinking water supply for Providencemarker.

Alternate route

In an attempt to ease environmental concerns, an alternate route was briefly studied in Rhode Islandmarker that would have connected Interstate 84 to the present-day Route 37 freeway.This would have allowed construction of I-84 south of the Scituate Reservoirmarker.Major community opposition caused this plan, as well as I-84 as a whole, to be scrapped.

Long range plans

In the 1992 long-range transportation plan released by the Rhode Island Department of Transportation, a freeway has been added along the original route of Interstate 84 that will connect to the CT 695 freeway on the Rhode Islandmarker/Connecticutmarker border.

I-86 relation

The section of I-84 between East Hartford, Connecticutmarker (at the present-day junction with Interstate 384) and Sturbridge, Massachusettsmarker (Interstate 90) was for a time signed as Interstate 86 (unrelated to present-day Interstate 86 in New Yorkmarker and Pennsylvaniamarker).Signs stating "I-84 Ends, I-86 to Bostonmarker" (eastbound) and "I-86 Ends, I-84 to Hartford" (westbound) were posted where the change took place.Exit numbering on I-86 was that of the road's predecessor, Route 15marker, in a sequence beginning on New York's Hutchinson River Parkway.Exits were renumbered to correspond with the rest of I-84 in Connecticut when the road was redesignated in 1984. The present I-384 as well as the present US 6 bypass near Willimantic, both of which were a part of what was then I-84's planned easternly continuation, were also numbered I-84 prior to 1984 even though they lacked any direct connection to the rest of I-84 at that time. (One had to use Silver Lane in East Hartford to travel between the two stretches of the highway.) These two sections were re-numbered I-384 and Rte 6 when what was then I-86 was re-numbered I-84.

I-84 toll-free in New York

From 1991 through 2006, Interstate 84 in New Yorkmarker was a toll-free component of the New York State Thruway system.It was transferred by the state DOT to the Thruway Authority in the early 1990s in order to capitalize on that agency's steady revenue stream from upstate sources. It was returned to NYSDOT in October 2006. (I-84's Hudson Rivercrossing, the Hamilton Fish Newburgh-Beacon Bridgeis under the New York State Bridge Authority. It carries an eastbound-only toll of $1 for passenger vehicles.)In the early 1990s, the maintenance fees for I-84 in New York were transferred to the New York State Thruway Authority and the monies for that purpose came from tolls on I-190 in downtown Buffalomarker, more than away.On Monday, October 30, 2006, the Thruway Authority voted to return maintenance costs to the New York Department of Transportation and the tolls in Buffalo are planned to be removed. The I-190 tolls are considered to be one of the principal causes of highway congestion in Buffalo.

Widening projects in Waterbury

A widening project along the congested stretch of I-84 through Waterburymarker and Cheshire, Connecticutmarker has been beset by cost overruns, delays, and construction defects involving storm drains , as state and federal officials have launched criminal investigations stemming from this project.This episode has waned local enthusiasm for a proposed $2 Billion reconstruction of the Mixmaster interchange in downtown Waterbury Cost estimates for the Mixmaster replacement have increased to $3 billion. CT Attorney General Richard Blumenthalhas begun a lawsuit against the contractor and an engineering firm in response to threats from the U.S. DOT to withhold funds from the project. On May 18, 2007the Waterbury Republican-Americanreported this area had defective light poles. while Governor M.Jodi Rellreleased a scathing audit report of the construction disaster. A number of DOT personnel were either fired or reprimanded following the scandal. Meanwhile the FBI and a federal grand jury are investigating the now-defunct construction company and the same DOT officials, which may eventually lead to criminal charges in the case.

Future

I-84 does not yet have a direct interchange with the Thruway (Interstate 87), but a direct link is nearing completion . Currently the connection uses NY 300.

Exit list

Pennsylvania



New York

See Interstate 84 in New York#Exit list.


Connecticut



Massachusetts



Auxiliary routes

I-484marker was slated to be built below downtown Hartford (connecting with Interstate 91), but that highway was never completed.

See also



References

  1. [1]
  2. [2]
  3. [3]
  4. [4]
  5. [5]
  6. [6]
  7. [7]
  8. I-84 connection to thruway


External links



PAmarker
54
87
NY
71
114
CTmarker
98
158
MAmarker
8
13
Total
231
372
County
Location
#
Destinations
Notes
Old
Lackawannamarker
Dunmoremarker
- Binghamtonmarker
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
1
1
Tigue Street
Elmhurst Twp.marker
2
2
Eastbound exit and westbound entrance. Left exit from eastbound
4
Jefferson Twp.
4
8
Waynemarker
Sterling Twp.marker
5
17
Pikemarker
Greene Twp.
6
20
Palmyra Twp.
7
26
Blooming Grove Twp.marker
8
30
Dingman Twp.marker
9
34
Milford Twp.
10
46
Matamorasmarker
11
53
Town
Mile
#
Destinations
Notes
Danburymarker
0.1
1
Saw Mill Road
1.1
2
Signed as exits 2A (Old Ridgebury Road) and 2B (US 6/US 202) westbound, Connecticut Welcome Center
3.6
3
West end of US 7 overlap
3.8
4
West end of US 6/US 202 overlap
5.4
5
Route 37 not signed westbound
5.8
6
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
7.6
7
East end of US 7/US 202 overlap
8.4-
8.7
8
East end of US 6 overlap
Newtownmarker
11.4
9
15.3
10
West end of US 6 overlap
16.3
11
Connection to Route 34 is SSR 490
To Route 25marker – Bridgeportmarker
Rochambeau Bridge over the Housatonic River
Southburymarker
18.7
13
River Road
Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
20.2
14
22.0
15
East end of US 6 overlap
24.8
16
Middleburymarker
30.0
17
Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Waterburymarker
30.4
17
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
31.3
18
Chase Parkway (SR 845)
Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
31.7
18
West Main Street, Highland Avenue
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
32.0
19
32.0
20
32.6
21
Meadow Street, Bank Street, Mixmaster
32.8
22
Baldwin Street – Downtown Waterburymarker
Eastbound exit and entrance
33.4
22
Union Street – Downtown Waterburymarker
Westbound exit and entrance
33.7-
34.0
23
34.8
24
Harpers Ferry Rd
No entrance ramps; signed as exit 25 eastbound
35.6
25
Scott Road, East Main Street
Eastbound exit is via exit 25 (Harpers Ferry Road)
36.7
25A
Austin Road
Cheshiremarker
38.1
26
40.5
27
Southingtonmarker
40.7
28
42.0
29
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; connection is SR 597
42.5
30
West Main Street, Marion Avenue - Southingtonmarker
44.3
31
46.2
32
Plainvillemarker
49.0
33
West end of Route 72 overlap
49.2
34
No westbound exit
50.0
35
East end of Route 72 overlap
New Britainmarker
50.9
36
Slater Road
Farmingtonmarker
53.2
37
54.3
38
West end of US 6 overlap; westbound exit and eastbound entrance
54.5
39
Connection is SR 508
55.5
39A
West Hartfordmarker
56.5
40
57.2
41
South Main Street (Route 173) - Elmwoodmarker
57.9
42
Trout Brook Drive – Elmwoodmarker
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
58.4
43
Park Road – West Hartford Centermarker
Connection is SR 501
59.3
44
Prospect Avenue, Oakwood Avenue
Hartfordmarker
59.9
45
Flatbush Avenue
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; connection is SR 504
60.7
46
Sisson Avenue
Connection is SR 503
61.0
47
Sigourney Street
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
61.6
48A
Asylum Street
Signed as exit 48 westbound
61.6
48B
Capitol Avenue
Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
62.0
49
Ann Uccello Street
Eastbound exit and westbound entrance. Formerly signed as Ann Street / High Street.
62.6
50
West end of US 44 overlap
62.6
51
- Springfieldmarker
62.6
52
Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Bulkeley Bridgemarker over the Connecticut River
East Hartfordmarker
62.8
53
East end of US 44 overlap; no westbound exit; also connects with East River Drive
63.4
54
Downtown Hartford (Route 2marker west)
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
63.4
55
63.4
56
Governor Street – Downtown East Hartfordmarker
Connection is SR 500
64.4
57
, New York Citymarker
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
64.9
58
Roberts Street (SR 518), Silver Lane (SR 502), Burnside Avenue
66.4
59
- Providencemarker
Manchestermarker
67.8
60
East end of US 6 overlap; westbound exit combined with exit 62
68.5
61
69.8
62
Buckland Street
71.6
63
Vernonmarker
73.0
64
Eastbound exit 65 leaves I-84 on the same ramp as exit 64
73.8
65
Eastbound exit is combined with exit 64
74.8
66
Tunnel Road – Vernonmarker, Boltonmarker
77.3
67
Tollandmarker
81.1
68
University of Connecticut
84.0
69
Willingtonmarker
85.6
70
87.8
71
Ashfordmarker
92.1
72
Unionmarker
93.4
73
97.4
74
, Hollandmarker
Town
Mile
#
Destination
Notes
Sturbridgemarker
0.2
Mashapaug Road
Westbound entrance only; former Route 15
3.3
1
Mashapaug Road – Southbridgemarker
Former Route 15
5.3
2
6.4-
6.9
3
Signed as exits 3A (east) and 3B (west)
7.5
Toll plaza
7.7
- New Hampshiremarker, Mainemarker, Worcestermarker, Bostonmarker, Springfieldmarker, Albanymarker
Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
To I-495, Route 128

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