The Full Wiki

More info on Interstate 95 in Connecticut

Interstate 95 in Connecticut: Map

  
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



Interstate 95, the main north-south Interstate Highway on the East Coast of the United States, runs in a general east-west compass direction for 111.57 miles (179.55 km) in Connecticutmarker from the Rhode Island state line to the the New York State line. I-95 Southbound from East Lyme to the New York Statemarker is part of the Connecticut Turnpike. I-95 Northbound begins at the New York state line at Greenwich and leaves the Turnpike in East Lymemarker near New London, and continues east to the Rhode Island State line. This stretch of I-95 is known as the Jewish War Veterans Memorial Highway.

Route description

Interstate 95 enters Connecticut as the Connecticut Turnpike in Greenwichmarker at the New Yorkmarker state line. The Connecticut Turnpike stretches for across the state, but only the first of the Connecticut Turnpike is signed as I-95. The Turnpike portion of I-95 passes through the most heavily urbanized section of Connecticut along the shoreline between Greenwich and New Haven, going through the cities of Stamfordmarker, Norwalkmarker, Bridgeportmarker, and New Havenmarker, with daily traffic volumes of 120,000 to over 150,000 throughout the entire length between the New York state line and the junction with I-91 in New Haven. The Turnpike intersects with several major expressways, namely U.S. Route 7 at Exit 15 in Norwalk, Route 8marker at Exit 27A in Bridgeport, the Merritt and Wilbur Cross Parkways at Exit 38 (via the Milford Parkway) in Milfordmarker, and Interstate 91 at Exit 48 in New Haven.

North (east) of I-91, the Turnpike continues along the Connecticut shoreline with a smaller amount of volume. The six-lane highway is reduced to four lanes in Branfordmarker, interchanges with Route 9marker at Exit 69 in Old Saybrookmarker, crosses the Connecticut River on the Baldwin Bridgemarker and continues until the interchange with Interstate 395 at Exit 76 near the East Lyme-Waterford line. After Exit 76, the Turnpike continues on I-395 while I-95 continues east through New London, Groton, Stonington, and North Stonington towards the Rhode Island State line.

Going southbound, the last exit before the Connecticut Turnpike segment is Exit 80 for Oil Mill Road. The first exit northbound is Exit 81 for Cross Road. Just before the Cross Road exit is a weigh station. The road then enters Waterfordmarker and intersects with Route 85 at Exit 82. Exit 82A northbound is for a Frontage Road of I-95 and has access to shopping malls. Exit 83 differs in each direction. Going southbound, Exit 83 is for U.S. Route 1, the Frontage Road and the shopping malls. Going northbound however, Exit 83 is for Route 32 and downtown New Londonmarker.

Exits 84S, 84N and 84E, only going southbound, are for Route 32, Norwich and downtown New London. Exit 85 is northbound only and is for U.S. Route 1 and is accessible off the Gold Star Bridgemarker, which crosses the Thames River. Exit 86 is in both directions for Routes 12 and 184 in Grotonmarker. Accessible from Exit 86 is the Groton Sub Basemarker. Exit 87 is for Route 349, also known as the Clarence B. Sharp Memorial Highway. A mile after Exit 87, Exit 88 leaves for Route 117 in Noank. Just short of three miles (5 km) later, I-95 enters Mysticmarker and interchanges with Allyn Street at Exit 89 and Route 27marker at Exit 90. Route 234 interchanges three miles (5 km) after Exit 90 at Exit 91. Exit 92 is for Routes 2marker and 49. An attraction off Exit 92 is a Foxwoods Casino. Exit 93 is the final exit before Rhode Island and is for Routes 216 and 184. Interstate 95 then enters Rhode Island at .

Auxiliary routes



Disasters

In January 1983, a truck with a brake failure slammed into a line of cars waiting to pay a toll on I-95 in Stratford, Connecticutmarker. Seven people were killed. This accident helped lead to the removal of toll barriers throughout Connecticutmarker, which was completed six years after.

On the morning of June 28, 1983, a 100 foot (30 m) section of the Mianus River Bridge in Cos Cobmarker collapsed, plunging northbound I-95 traffic into the Mianus River below, killing three. The collapse was blamed on the failure of the steel pins to hold the horizontal beams together and inadequate inspection prior to the collapse. Northbound traffic was diverted on this section of I-95 for 25 days. Southbound traffic was unaffected.

On March 26, 2004, a bridge on I-95 in Bridgeport, Connecticut was partly melted by the explosion of a tanker truck carrying over 11,900 gallons (45,000 L) of fuel oil. Repairs were estimated to take at least two weeks, but the highway was opened to northbound traffic in only a few days. Southbound traffic resumed about a week later.

At 10:20 AM on November 2, 2007, a tanker truck, carrying heating oil plowed over the divider, knocking the side of a tractor trailer's trailer and striking several other cars in its path. Three people were killed, including the driver of the tanker and the occupants of two cars that were completely destroyed in the crash. The driver of the tractor trailer survived (his Pit Bull canine companion emerged completely unharmed) but the trailer of the tractor trailer was split open. At least three other cars were involved in this accident. A part of the road was damaged and took until the next morning to fully reopen, partly due to a cleanup after the accident.

History

Interstate 95 in Connecticut, particularly in Fairfield and New Haven Counties, has far more exits than typical Interstate Highways, with some exits less than one mile (1.6 km) apart. State transportation officials have said the reason for the many exits stems from the state's original justification for building parts of the highway — to ease traffic congestion on Route 1 by providing a faster, alternate route, even for drivers traveling short distances within the same community. Rather than skirting urban areas, the highway was built directly through the most dense sections of Stamford, Norwalk, Bridgeport and New Haven.

While most of I-95 was built as the Connecticut Turnpike, the Connecticut Turnpike incorporated several pieces of already-built relocations, some to freeway standards, of U.S. Route 1 (the Turnpike split from the US 1 relocation in East Lymemarker, along the Old Lyme-New London section): Other improvements in the corridor included the New Yorkmarker-Meridenmarker Merritt Parkway/Wilbur Cross Parkway, New Haven-Old Saybrook Route 80, and Groton-Rhode Island Route 184, the latter connecting in Rhode Island to Route 3, a shortcut to Providencemarker.

Most of the Turnpike opened January 2, 1958, and was designated I-95 south/west of the split with the relocated US 1 by 1959. The rest of I-95 to Rhode Island opened December 12, 1964. The Gold Star Bridge was twinned ca. 1975, along with a reconstruction of its approaches, and in 1993 the Raymond E. Baldwin Bridge was replaced with a wider span.

The state installed cameras to watch traffic along the highway in the early 1990s. As of 2007, about 100 cameras have been set up and are monitored by state police and the state Department of Transportation. In Fairfield Countymarker, local emergency responders (fire departments and ambulance services) that serve the highway in individual towns have asked for direct feeds from the cameras to avoid mistakes. When travelers report an accident, they sometimes tell authorities that it occurred near an exit that is actually not the nearest to the scene, slowing down response time. The traffic feed from the cameras is available on the World Wide Web, but the service can be spotty, according to the Stamford, Connecticutmarker and Norwalk, Connecticutmarker fire chiefs, who said they were hoping that a proposed $40 million upgrade of the camera system, under consideration by the state in 2007, would provide them access. Feeds from these cameras are also used by local media outlets, as part of traffic report segments in news programming, and in some instances as a part of a designated"Traffic and Weather" Channel.

Construction plans

While the corridor was designated "High Priority Corridor 65" in 2005, work along Interstate 95 in Connecticut has been ongoing for nearly 15 years.

Interstate upgrades

  • Replace the bridge over the Connecticut River in Saybrook (completed in 1993)
  • Replace the bridge over the Saugatuck River in Westportmarker (completed in 2001)
  • Widening and reconstruction of I-95 through Bridgeportmarker (completed in 2006)
  • Upgrade the median divider from New York State line to Waterfordmarker to meet current safety standards (segmented construction ongoing since 1993)
  • Construction of a new extradosed Q Bridgemarker (Pearl Harbor Memorial Bridge) over the Quinnipiac River (underway)
  • Reconfiguring the interchange between I-91, I-95, and Route 34 in New Haven (underway)
  • Replace bridge over the West Rivermarker in New Haven (to start in 2009)
  • Reconstruct I-95/I-395 interchange in Waterford to accommodate proposed Route 11 Expresswaymarker connection (in planning).
  • Replacement of the Moses Wheeler Bridgemarker over the Housatonic River (to start in 2009)
  • Widening and reconstruction of I-95 between Norwalk and Stamfordmarker — in December 2007 a 15-month, $5.5 million project was completed to add fourth (or "operational") lanes in each direction between the entrances and exits at Exits 10 and 11 in Darien. This project was completed in 2007. A similar project between Exits 11 and 13 began in 2008 and is scheduled for completion in 2010. An earlier project added a fourth lane on the southbound side from the entrance at Exit 10 to Exit 8. After that lane was added, a state Department of Transportation study concluded that accidents were down on that stretch of the highway by 20 percent, amounting to about 160 fewer accidents per year. Construction of operational lanes at exits 11, 12, and 13 was expected to begin in the late spring of 2008.
  • Widen I-95 mainline from Branford to the Rhode Islandmarker state line


Mass transit upgrades

These projects have been undertaken in large part to reduce traffic on the highway, which is often congested, particularly in Fairfield County:
  • New train station near the Fairfieldmarker/Bridgeport city line (construction started May 2006)
  • Intermodal Transportation Center in Bridgeport (Completed)
  • New train stations in Orangemarker and West Haven (in planning)
  • Upgrade catenary power lines along the New Haven Line
  • New train station in Madisonmarker
  • Purchase new railroad cars and refurbish existing cars to increase capacity and reliability
  • Construct new container barge ports at Bridgeport and New Haven
  • Expansion of freight service on the New Haven Line
  • Replace outdated bridges and straighten various sections of the New Haven Line to accommodate the Acela Express 150 MPH (240 km/h) operating speed.


Exit list

Town Mile # Destinations Notes
I-95 continues into New York
For exits between Greenwich and East Lyme, see Connecticut Turnpike (exits 2-75)
East Lymemarker 88.48 76 Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Waterfordmarker 88.88 80 Oil Mill Road Southbound exit and northbound entrance
90.12 81 Cross Road
91.79 82
92.26 82A Frontage Roads – New Londonmarker, Shopping Malls Unsigned SR 623 (N. Frontage) and SR 624 (S. Frontage)
Milepost at northbound off-ramp
Southbound exit is via exit 83

New Londonmarker 92.75
93.15
83
Briggs Street (SR 636) – Coast Guard Academy
South end of US 1 overlap
Off-ramp at mile 93.40
Northbound exit is via exit 82A

93.35
93.48
84
Hodges Square, State Pier (Williams Street/SR 635)
Signed southbound as exits 84S (Route 32 south), 84N (Route 32 north), and 84E (Williams Street)
Northbound exit is signed as exit 83
Gold Star Bridgemarker over the Thames River
Grotonmarker
94.63 85
Thames Street
North end of US 1 overlap
Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Southbound access to US 1 north is via exit 87

95.33 86  – Naval Submarine Base New Londonmarker, Gales Ferrymarker
95.98 87
97.48 88
100.07 89 Allyn Street – Noankmarker, Groton Long Pointmarker SR 614
Stoningtonmarker 101.29 90  – Mystic Aquarium, Mystic Seaport
104.23 91
North Stoningtonmarker 107.77
108.61
92
111.34 93 , Ashawaymarker
I-95 continues into Rhode Island


Scenic Overlooks

Between Exits 89 and 90 eastbound is the Jerome Hoxie Scenic Overlook. This overlooks Mystic Cove.

Panaramic View from the Jerome Hoxie Scenic Overlook.
Photos were taken in March of 2006.


References

  1. Connecticut Special Acts 1996, Connecticut State Library, Accessed July 30, 2008
  2. Ginocchio, Mark, "Local leaders want access to DOT cameras", The Advocate of Stamford, Connecticut, July 15, 2007, pp 1, A6
  3. Lucas, Jonathan, "I-95 lanes open in time for holidays: Project aims to ease congestion in Darien", article in 'The Advocate of Stamford, Connecticut, December 8, 2007, pp 1, A4, Norwalk edition



Embed code:






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message