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Invicta is an early steam locomotive built by Robert Stephenson and Company in Newcastle-upon-Tynemarker in 1829. She was the twentieth locomotive built by Stephenson, being built immediately after Rocket.


History

Invicta was built for £635 to work on the Canterbury and Whitstable Railway. She was named after the motto on the Flag of Kent, "Invicta", meaning undefeated. She was shipped by sea from Newcastle to Whitstable and hauled the inaugural train into Whitstable Harbour stationmarker on 3 May 1830. Modifications were carried out in 1835, but these were not successful.

Preservation

Invicta was retired in 1836 as the stationary engines proved adequate to work the line. She was offered for sale in October 1839 but did not find a buyer and Invicta was put under cover. She came into the ownership of the South Eastern Railway and was exhibited at the Golden Jubilee of the Stockton and Darlington Railway in 1875 and at the Newcastle Stephenson Centenary in 1881.

Restoration started in 1892 and for many years Invicta was displayed in the Dane John Gardens, Canterburymarker. It wasn't until 1977 that a full restoration was undertaken, with help from the National Railway Museummarker. Invicta returned to Canterbury in time for the 150th anniversary of the Canterbury & Whitstable Railway on 3 May 1980.

Invicta is currently on display at Canterbury Museum, cosmetically restored. In November 2008, it was announced that a £41,000 Heritage Lottery Fund planning grant had been made to Canterbury City Council to develop a new museum at Whitstable to house Invicta and a stationary winding engine built at Robert Stephenson's works.

References




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