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Irvine ( ) is an incorporated city in Orange County, Californiamarker, United States. It is a planned city, mainly developed by the Irvine Company since the 1960s. Formally incorporated on December 28, 1971, the 69.7 square mile (180.5 km2) city has a population of about 212,793 (as of January 1, 2009). It has annexed in the past an undeveloped area to the north, and has also annexed the former El Toro Marine Corps Air Stationmarker, most of which is planned to be converted into the Orange County Great Parkmarker.

Because of its good schools, jobs and housing, the city was chosen in 2008 by as the fourth best place to live in the United States. In June 2009, the Federal Bureau of Investigationmarker reported that Irvine had the lowest violent crime rate (four homicides, 17 rapes, 50 robberies and 55 aggravated assaults in 2006) among cities in the United States with populations of more than 100,000, and in August 2008 the Census Bureau ranked Irvine as having the seventh highest median income among cities in the United States with populations of more than 65,000.

Irvine is home to the University of California, Irvinemarker (UCI), Concordia University, the Orange County Center of the University of Southern Californiamarker (USC), and the satellite campuses of Alliant International University, California State University Fullertonmarker (CSUF), University of La Verne and Pepperdine Universitymarker. Irvine Valley Collegemarker, a community college, is also located in the city.

Irvine is home to a number of corporations, particularly in the technology sector.


Irvine was inhabited by the Gabrielino indigenous group about 2,000 years ago. Gaspar de Portolà, a Spanish explorer, came to the area in 1769. This brought on the establishment of forts, missions and herds of cattle. The King of Spain parceled out land for missions and private use.

After Mexicomarker's independence from Spain in 1821, the Mexican government secularized the missions and assumed control of the lands. It began distributing the land to Mexican citizens who applied for grants. Three large Spanish/Mexican grants made up the land that later became the Irvine Ranch: Rancho Santiago de Santa Anamarker, Rancho San Joaquinmarker and Rancho Lomas de Santiagomarker.

In 1864, Jose Andres Sepulveda, owner of Rancho San Joaquin sold to Benjamin and Thomas Flint, Llewellyn Bixby and James Irvine for $18,000 to resolve debts due to the Great Drought. In 1866, Irvine, Flint and Bixby acquired Rancho Lomas de Santiago for $7,000. After the Mexican-American war the land of Rancho Santiago de Santa Ana fell prey to tangled titles. In 1868, the ranch was divided among four claimants as part of a lawsuit: Flint, Bixby and Irvine. The ranches were devoted to sheep grazing. However, in 1870, tenant farming was permitted.

In 1878, James Irvine acquired his partners' interests for $150,000. His stretched from the Pacific Ocean to the Santa Ana River. James Irvine died in 1886. The ranch was inherited by his son, James Irvine, Jr. who incorporated it into The Irvine Company. James, Jr. shifted the ranch operations to field crops, olive and citrus crops.

In 1888, the Santa Fe Railroad extended its line to Fallbrook Junction (north of San Diegomarker) and named a station along the way after James Irvine. The town that formed around this station was named Myford, after Irvine's son, because a post office in Calaveras County already bore the family name. The town was renamed Irvine in 1914.[290741]
Financial district under development

By 1918, of lima beans were grown on the Irvine Ranch. Two Marine Corps facilities, MCAS El Toromarker and MCAS Tustinmarker, were built during World War II on ranch land sold to the government.

James Irvine, Jr. died in 1947 at the age of 80. His son, Myford, assumed the presidency of The Irvine Company. He began opening small sections of the Irvine Ranch to urban development. Myford Irvine died in 1959. The same year, the University of California asked The Irvine Company for for a new university campus. The Irvine Company sold the requested land for $1 and later the State purchased an additional 500 acres (2 km2).

William Pereira, the University's consulting architect, and The Irvine Company planners drew up master plans for a city of 50,000 people surrounding the new university. The plan called for industrial, residential and recreational areas, commercial centers and greenbelts. The new community was to be named Irvine; the old agricultural town of Irvine, where the railroad station and post office were located, was renamed East Irvine.[290742] The villages of Turtle Rock, University Park, Culverdale, the Ranch and Walnut were completed by 1970.

On December 28, 1971, the residents of these communities voted to incorporate a substantially larger city than the one envisioned by the Pereira plan. By January 1999, Irvine had a population of 134,000 and a total area of .


Local Government

Irvine is a charter city, operating under a Council/Manager form of government.

According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $403.8 million in Revenues, $261.4 million in expenditures, $2,265.1 million in total assets, $101.9 million in total liabilities, and $755.9 million in cash and investments.

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:

City Department Director
City Manager Sean Joyce
Assistant City Manager Sharon Landers
Assistant City Manager Wally Kreutzen
City Attorney Phil Kohn
City Clerk Sharie Apodaca
Director Administrative Services Rick Paikoff
Director of Community Development Douglas Williford
Director of Community Services Libby Cowan (Interim Director as of 10/16/09)
Director of Public Safety Dave Maggard
Director of Public Works Manuel Gomez
Orange County Great Park CEO Mike Ellzey

City Council

The City Council consists of the Mayor and four City Council members. The Mayor serves a two year term and Council members serve 4 year terms. The city has a two term limit for elected officials. Elections are held every two years, on even-numbered years. During each election, two Council members and the Mayor's seat is up for consideration. The City Council appoints the City Manager, who functions as the chief administrator of the city. The City Council sets the policies for the city, and the City Manager is responsible for implementing the policies.The City Council appoints volunteers that serve on various advisory boards, commissions and committees.

City departments

The City of Irvine is served by eight departments. These departments are responsible for managing and performing all of the business of the City Hall and its services:
  • City Manager
  • City Clerk
  • Administrative Services
  • Community Development
  • Community Services
  • Public Safety
  • Public Works
  • Redevelopment


Irvine has three independent districts: Educational, Police and Utilities. Other government services are:
  • Animal control
  • Building and safety regulation and inspection
  • General administrative services
  • Planning and zoning
  • Public facility/capital improvement construction
  • Recreation and cultural programs
  • Refuse collection and recycling
  • Street lighting
  • Street maintenance
  • Landscape maintenance and transportation management

Emergency services
Irvine contracts with the County of Orange for fire and medical services. Fire protection in Irvine is provided by the Orange County Fire Authoritymarker with ambulance service by Doctor's Ambulance. Law enforcement is provided by the Irvine Police Department (IPD). The IPD operates in a suburban city rated as having one of the lowest violent crime rates among cities with over 100,000 inhabitants by the FBI every year since 2005. The University of California Police Department also has jurisdiction – including arrest power – in areas of the city near the UC Irvinemarker campus, while the California State University Police Department has similar jurisdiction in areas of the city near the CSU Fullertonmarker Irvine campus.

State and federal

In the state legislature Irvine is located in the 33rd and 35th Senate Districts, represented by Republicans Mimi Walters and Tom Harman respectively, and in the 70th Assembly District, represented by Republican Chuck DeVore. Federally, Irvine is located in California's 48th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +8 and is represented by Republican John Campbell.


The cities bordering Irvine include Tustinmarker on the north, Santa Anamarker on the northwest, Lake Forestmarker on the east, Laguna Hillsmarker on the southeast, Costa Mesamarker on the west, and Newport Beachmarker on the southwest. San Diego Creek, which flows northeast into Upper Newport Baymarker, is the primary watercourse draining the city. Its largest tributary is Peters Canyon Wash. Most of Irvine is in a broad, flat valley between Loma Ridge in the north and San Joaquin Hills in the south. In the extreme north and south areas, however, are several hills, plateaus and canyons.


Irvine, like most of coastal Southern California, generally has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa). Summers are warm to hot, and winters are cool, rarely falling below freezing. Precipitation in Irvine occurs predominantly during the winter months. Although snow is nonexistent, frost occasionally occurs.

Lake Irvine near Irvine Park in typical Irvine spring and summer weather.

A planned city

The layout of Irvine was designed by Los Angeles architect William Pereira and Irvine Company employee Raymond Watson, and is nominally divided into townships called villages. The townships are separated by six-lane streets. Each township contains houses of similar design, along with commercial centers, religious institutions and schools. Commercial districts are checker-boarded in a periphery around the central townships.

Pereira originally envisioned a circular plan with numerous man-made lakes and the university in the center. When the Irvine Company refused to relinquish valuable farmland in the flat central region of the ranch for this plan, the University site was moved to the base of the southern coastal hillsmarker. The design that ended up being used was based on the shape of a necklace (with the villages strung along two parallel main streets, which terminate at University of California, Irvinemarker (UCI), the "pendant") . Traces of the original circular design are visible in the layout of the UCI campus and the two man-made lakes at the center of Woodbridge, one of the central villages.

All streets have landscaping allowances. Rights-of-way for powerlines also serve as bicycle corridors, parks and greenbelts to tie together ecological preserves. The greenery is irrigated with reclaimed water.

The homeowners' associations which govern some village neighborhoods exercise varying degrees of control on the appearances of homes. In more restrictive areas, houses' roofing, paint colors, and landscaping are regulated. Older parts of the Village of Northwood that were developed beginning in the early 1970s independent of the Irvine Company, have the distinction of being a larger village that is not under the purview of a homeowners' association. As a result, homeowners in the older Northwood areas do not pay a monthly village association fee; and its neighborhoods are generally not as uniform in appearance as those in other villages such as West Park and Woodbridge. However, the more tightly regulated villages generally offer more amenities such as members-only swimming pools, tennis courts, and parks.

In addition to association dues, homeowners in villages developed in the 1980s and later may be levied a Mello-Roos assessment, which came about in the post-Proposition 13 era. For homeowners in these areas, the association dues coupled with the Mello-Roos assessment may add significantly to the cost of living in the city.

The Irvine Ranch played host to the Boy Scouts of America's 1953 National Scout Jamboree. Jamboree Road, a major street which now stretches from Newport Beach to the City of Orange, was named in honor of this event.

The Villages

Each of the villages was initially planned to have a distinct architectural theme.

  • El Camino Glen
  • College Park
  • The Colony
  • Deerfield (mixed styles)
  • East Irvine
  • El Camino Real (Spanish/Neo-Eclectic)
  • Greentree
  • Irvine Groves
  • Irvine Spectrum (Contemporary/Moroccan)
  • Harvard Square
  • Heritage Fields
  • Laguna Crossing (under construction)
  • Northpark (French Country, Formal French, Italian Country, Formal Italian, Monterey and Spanish Colonial)
  • Northpark Square (Spanish Mission)
  • Northwoodmarker (Bungalow, Craftsman)
  • Oak Creek (mixed styles)
  • Old Towne Irvine
  • Orangetree
  • Orchard Hills (Rural Craftsman/Spanish/Tuscan)
  • Parkside
  • Portola Springs (Spanish/Tuscan)

Rue Rueda Gigante Square in Irvine Spectrum.
  • Planning Area 40 (Future Village)
  • Quail Hill (Spanish/Tuscan)
  • Racquet Club
  • The Ranch
  • Rancho San Joaquin (Shed style)
  • Rosegate (Spanish/Tuscan)
  • Shady Canyon (Tuscan Ranch)
  • Turtle Ridge (Tuscan)
  • Turtle Rockmarker (mixed styles)
  • University Hillsmarker
  • University Park (California Modern)
A bridge over the man-made North Lake in Woodbridge, an Atlantic-style neighborhood
  • University Town Center (mixed styles)
  • Walnut (Prairie Style)
  • West Irvine (California Modern)
  • Westpark (Italian Riviera/Mediterranean)
  • The Willows
  • Windwood
  • Woodbridge (Atlantic Coast)
  • Woodbury (Tuscan/Spanish/French)
  • Woodbury East (Spanish)


The census of 2000 found there were 143,072 people, 51,199 households, and 34,354 families in the city. The population density is 1,196.2/km2 (3,098.0/mi2), as of the census. There are 53,711 housing units at an average density of 449.1/km2 (1,163.0/mi2). The racial makeup of the city is 61.06% White, 1.45% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 29.83% Asian American, 1.14% Pacific Islander, 2.54% from other races, and 4.82% from two or more races. 7.37% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 51,199 households out of which 36.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% are married couples living together, 9.8% have a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% are non-families. 22.8% of all households are made up of individuals and 5.0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.70 persons and the average family size is 3.17.

In the city the population is spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 14.4% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 7.2% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 33 years. For every 100 females there are 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.0 males.

According to 2007 Census Bureau estimates, the median income for a household in the city is $98,923, and the median income for a family is $111,455; these numbers make Irvine the seventh richest city in the USA, among cities with population 65,000 or higher. 9.1% of the population and 5.0% of families are below the poverty line. Of the total population, 6.1% of those under the age of 18 and 5.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

In 2006, the median gross rent paid for housing was $1,660 a month. This was the highest of any place in the United States of more than 100,000 people.The skyrocketing high cost of housing is a major issue in Irvine and Orange County, as the city council faces pressure to approve future income-subsidized housing projects to meet the demands of working-class citizens.

Like much of Orange County, more resident voters are registered in the Republican Party than the Democratic Party . However, a majority on the city council, including the last three mayors, identify with the Democratic Party. In 2008 then-Democratic Presidential candidate Barack Obama received more votes in Irvine than his Republican challenger John McCain, receiving more than 57% of the vote. Republican John Campbell was also elected on less than 3-point majority. Democratic State Senator candidate Ginny Meyer won in Irvine but lost in other cities in Orange County. These recent changes in voter attitudes in Irvine reflect the changing political atmosphere in the city as the population increases. California is overwhelmingly more liberal while Orange County is more conservative, yet Irvine has only recently began distancing from Orange County conservatism and adopting Californian liberalism.


Most of Irvine is located in the Irvine Unified School District (IUSD). The four high schools in IUSD are University High School, Irvine High School, Northwood High School and Woodbridge High School. Each earned a six-year accreditation in 2006. Arnold O.marker Beckman High Schoolmarker is located in Irvine but is administered by Tustin Unified School District.

The four high schools in IUSD have consistently made Newsweek's list of Top 1,300 U.S. Public High Schools. In 2003, University High School ranked 58th[290743]out of the top 804 high schools in the nation while Northwood High School ranked 404th[290744], Irvine High School ranked 505th[290745], and Woodbridge High School ranked 803rd[290746]. In 2005, University High School ranked 117th[290747] out of the top 1000 high schools with Northwood High School ranking 389th[290748], Irvine High School ranking 816th[290749], and Woodbridge High School ranking 1040th[290750]. In 2006, University High School ranks at 156th[290751] out of 1,200 top high schools while Northwood High School ranks at 296th[290752], Irvine High School ranks at 1044th[290753], and Woodbridge High School rank at 1156th[290754]. And in 2007, University High School ranked 76th among the top 100 high schools in the nation as listed by US News & World Report. All of these schools on the Newsweek list were in the top 4 percent in the nation.

Irvine is also home to elementary and middle schools, including two alternative, year round, open enrollment K-8 schools (Plaza Vista and Vista Verde). [290755][290756] The district recently constructed a new larger high tech campus for Vista Verde Schoolmarker in the village of Turtle Ridge. The district also has a music program starting in the 4th grade. Parts of the north and west of the city are within the Tustin Unified School District.

Colleges and universities

One of many buildings at the University of California, Irvine.
Irvine is home to University of California, Irvinemarker, which is the second-newest campus (established 1965) in the UC system after University of California, Mercedmarker. Other higher education institutions in Irvine include Concordia University, Irvine Valley Collegemarker, and a satellite campus of California State University, Fullertonmarker. Chapman University and Soka University of Americamarker are in adjacent cities.

According to the 2000 United States Census Irvine is ranked 7th nationwide, among cities with populations of at least 100,000, for having the highest percentage of people who are at least 25 years old with doctoral degrees, with 3,589 residents reporting such educational attainment.


Irvine has three public libraries: Heritage Park Regional Library, University Park Library, and Katie Wheeler Library. The Heritage Library serves as the regional reference library for Central Orange County and has a strong business focus while the University Park Library has 95,745 books including a substantial Chinese collection. Katie Wheeler was the granddaughter of James Irvine, and the library is a replica of the house owned by Irvine in which she grew up. Additionally, most UCI Libraries are open to the public.


The majority of the Irvine's economic development is coordinated through the Destination Irvine program run by the Chamber of Commerce. The program provides information and assistance on business-related incentives, demographics, development standards and various services such as affordable housing and childcare, schools. Irvine has been rated one of the top cities for start-up businesses and its strong, fast growing economy helped place Orange County as one of the top ten fastest growing job markets.

Irvine is also used as a location for film projects. The city government grants free or low-cost filming permits and offers location information to prospective productions.


Taco Bell headquarters
The following companies are headquartered in Irvine:

The following international companies have their North American headquarters in Irvine:

At one point Fluor Corporation had its head office in Irvine. In 2006 Fluor began moving its headquarters to Irving, Texasmarker.

Top employers

According to the City's 2008 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees Sector
1 University of California, Irvinemarker 16,000 Education
2 Irvine Unified School District 2,473 Education
3 Cellco Partnership 2,108
4 Broadcom 2,000 Semiconductor
5 St John Knits 1,972 Clothing
6 Allergan 1,922 Pharmaceutical
7 Edwards Lifesciences 1,779 Healthcare
8 Parker Hannifin 1,650 Aircraft
9 Capital Group Companies 1,506
10 B Braun Medical 1,500

Other material employers are:
Name Sector Employed
Irvine Company Real Estate 2600
Verizon Wireless Communications 2100
Freedom Communications Media 1875
Parker Aerospace Aerospace & Defense 1825
Option One Mortgage Mortgage & Finance 1801
Washington Mutual Financial 1700
Albertsons - Sav-On Grocery & Pharmacy Retailer 1508
Claim Jumper Restaurant 1400
Western National Group Apartments 1100
In-N-Out Burger Restaurant 1041
General Electric Consumer Finance, Infrastructure 900

Arts and culture

The Irvine Global Village Festival

Every October, Irvine hosts the Irvine Global Village Festival to celebrate the diversity among the citizens of Irvine and Orange County. The festival consists of exhibits from local merchants, entertainment from diverse cultures, and sampling of foods from various regions of the world.

Irvine Community Television

The Irvine Community Television (ICTV) produces and broadcasts television programs on news, sports, arts, culture, safety for the Irvine community. The motto of ICTV is "For You, About You". ICTV can be viewed within the city of Irvine on Cox Communications channel # 30. ICTV is also available to view online at ICTV Live Streaming.

Parks and recreation

Irvine has Community Parks and Neighborhood Parks. The Community Parks have public facilities located on each site. Neighborhood Parks provide open space and some recreational amenities within the various villages of Irvine.

Community Parks

  • Alton Athletic Park
  • Colonel Bill Barber Marine Corps Memorial Park
  • Deerfield Community Park
  • Harvard Athletic Park
  • Harvard Skatepark
  • Heritage Park
  • Hicks Canyon Park
  • Lakeview Senior Center
  • Las Lomas Community Park
  • Lower Peters Canyon Community Park

  • Northwood Community Park
  • Oak Creek Community Park
  • Portola Springs Community Park
  • Quail Hill Community Park
  • Rancho Senior Center
  • Turtle Rock Community Park
  • University Community Park
  • Windrow Community Park
  • Woodbridge Community Park
  • Woodbury Community Park

Neighborhood Parks

  • Alderwood Park
  • Blue Gum Park
  • Brywood Park
  • Canyon Park
  • Carrotwood Park
  • Chaparral Park
  • Citrusglen Park
  • College Park
  • Comstock Park
  • Coralwood Park
  • Creekview Park
  • Dovecreek Park
  • Flagstone Park
  • Hoeptner Park
  • Homestead Park
  • Knollcrest Park
  • Meadowood Park
  • Orchard Park

  • Pepperwood Park
  • Pinewood Park
  • Plaza Park
  • Presley Park
  • Racquet Club Park
  • Ranch Park
  • San Carlo Park
  • San Leandro Park
  • San Marco Park
  • Settler's Park
  • Silkwood Park
  • Sweet Shade Park
  • Sycamore Park
  • Trailwood Park
  • Valencia Park
  • Valley Oak Park
  • Willows Park
  • Woodside



The Irvine Spectrum Center with the El Toro Y in the background, one of the busiest freeway junctions in the world
Streets and intersections owned by the city have trademark mahogany signage and are fiber optically linked to the city's Irvine Traffic Research and Control Center (ITRAC). Traffic cameras and ground sensors monitor the flow of traffic throughout the city and automatically adjust signal timing to line up traffic, allowing more vehicles to pass through fewer red lights. Several major highways pass through Irvine (Interstate 5, and Interstate 405 , California State Route 73, California State Route 133, California State Route 241, and California State Route 261). Major arteries through Irvine are built out widely and will run in a northeasterly direction with speed limits higher than . As a result of the signal timing, wide streets, and road layout, Irvine's side streets are capable of handling a higher volume of traffic than other cities in Orange County.

Transit services

Local bus routes are operated by the Orange County Transportation Authority. Additionally, Irvine is served by commuter rail at both the Irvine and Tustin stations of the Metrolink Orange County Line and the IEOC Line. OCTA is currently implementing a major service increase on the Orange County line, with trains running every 30 minutes. A four-story parking structure was recently completed at the Irvine station to coincide with the service increase.

At one time Irvine intended to build a tram / guideway, in February 2009 the city of Irvine canceled the project.[290757] Initially plans were underway to connect the Orange County Great Park to the Irvine Spectrum Center and surrounding businesses with a fixed-route transit system, also stopping at the Irvine Transportation Centermarker. In 2008, two possible routes were selected, but neither will be developed now. All of the 128,000,000 dollars in funding will be returned to the Measure M fund, and be available for other cities in Orange County.

The city of Irvine has recently begun operating its own mass-transit bus service called the iShuttle . This new bus service, which debuted on March 2008, consists of three routes linking the Tustin Metrolink station to the Irvine Business Complex area and John Wayne Airportmarker. The service will be free to all passengers until January 1, 2009.


Irvine offers a system of bicycle lanes and trails to encourage the use of bikes as a means of transportation. There are of off-road bicycle trails and of on-road bicycle lanes in Irvine.

Notable natives and residents

See also List of University of California, Irvine people.

Points of interest

Twinning or sister cities

Irvine is twinned with:

Filming location

According to the Internet Movie Database (IMDB), the following productions have either been partially or entirely filmed in Irvine:

  • 11th Annual Young Comedians, The (1987) (TV)
  • A Scanner Darkly (2006)
  • All That I Need (2005)
  • Anokha (2004)
  • Beneath the Surface (2007)
  • Bill Fillmaff's Secret System (2006)
  • Care of the State (2005)
  • Changing the Taste of Mud (2005)
  • Chase, The (1994)
  • Confessions of a Peep Show Junkie (2006)
  • Conquest of the Planet of the Apes (1972)
  • Corey Holcomb: The Problem Is You (2004)
  • Creator (1985)
  • Deconstructing the Family (2007)
  • Defending Your Life (1991)
  • Demolition Man (1993)
  • Depth Solitude (1997)
  • Devo: Live (2004)
  • Dino Adino (2004)
  • Entering the Student Body (2005)
  • Fuckin' with Dave Pounder (2003)
  • Girl with an Accent (2005)
  • Gleaming the Cube (1989)
  • Gohar-e shab cheragh (1998)
  • Golden Arrow, The (2003)
  • Harmony Heights (2006)
  • Heart Like a Wheel (1983)
  • How 87 Learned to Smile (2005)

  • Imaginary Girls (2004)
  • Invisible Light (2003)
  • Iron Man (2008)
  • Jihad: Searching for Answers (2007)
  • Kiss the Girls (1997)
  • L.A. Proper (2008)
  • My RV Life (2006) (TV)
  • Ocean's Eleven (2001)
  • Pablo Francisco: Bits and Pieces - Live from Orange County (2004)
  • Planet Earth (1974)
  • Planet of the Apes (1968)
  • Poltergeist (1982)
  • Promise, A (2005)
  • Rage Against the Machine (1997)
  • Raspberry & Lavender (2004)
  • Reign Over Me (2007)
  • Rhapsody (2006)
  • "SexTV" (1998): In the Company of Men: Gender in the Face of War/Sex and Psyops TV Episode
  • Shadow Man, The (2006)
  • Silent Movie (1976)
  • Sublime: Stories, Tales, Lies & Exaggerations (1998)
  • Things You Don't Tell... (2006)
  • Tiger (1997)
  • View from the Top (2003)
  • Waiting for Isaac (2006)
  • You, Me and Dupree (2006)


  1. FBI: Irvine Safest Large City In U.S. - News Story - KNBC | Los Angeles
  3. City of Irvine CAFR Retrieved 2009-08-10
  4. University Hills is subsidized (20-30% below market pricing) for professors and retired professors. It is the first such community of its kind in the nation.
  5. .
  7. " Fluor Corporation Home Page." Fluor Corporation February 8, 1998. Retrieved on October 18, 2009.
  8. Baker, Sandra. " Hoping for good luck: Fluor Corp. dedicates its new headquarters in Irving, where it is moving from California, with a giant horseshoe." Fort Worth Star-Telegram. June 6, 2006. Retrieved on October 18, 2009.
  9. name="demographics"

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