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Irwindale is a city in Los Angeles County, Californiamarker, United Statesmarker. The population was 1,446 at the 2000 census.

With relatively few residents, Irwindale consists mostly of rock quarries, which are the major revenue source for the city. The Irwindale Speedwaymarker is also located in the city, as is the Santa Fe Dam Recreation Area and a plant of the Miller Brewing Company. The city became the new permanent site for the annual Southern California Renaissance Pleasure Faire in 2005, after it moved from its previous home at the Glen Helen Regional Park in Devoremarker.

Unlike fellow low population cities Industrymarker and Vernonmarker, there are actual neighborhoods in Irwindale. Irwindale is a full service city, offering police and library services. There is a skate park, a teen center, a senior center, and a public gymnasium. The housing is centered near the southeast corner of Arrow Highway and Irwindale Avenue, with a small tract of housing in the southwest corner of the city near Cypress Avenue.

History

The area was first settled by the families of Gregorio Fraijo and Fecundo Ayon in the 1850s. Significant economic growth did not arrive until the advent of the automobile, which drove up demand for the area's rocks and sand for the paving of roads. The city was incorporated on August 6, 1957.

Irwindale took advantage of urban redevelopment laws starting in 1976, and prospered in the following decade; it attracted a 200-acre Miller Brewing Company plant, the corporate headquarters of Home Federal Savings & Loan, and other companies. Still, its landscape was dominated by 19 gravel pits, which it was obligated to fill. In the summer of 1987, city councilman Joe Breceda approached Al Davis, owner of the National Football League's Los Angeles Raiders, about building a new stadium on the site of one of the disused pits.

Davis, long and vocally displeased with the Raiders' home at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseummarker, agreed to a $115 million deal. He would take ownership of the new stadium provided the Raiders would play there for 19 years. Controversially, the deal included a $10 million nonrefundable signing bonus paid directly to Davis regardless of whether the plan would be executed. In the event, both parties were served multiple lawsuits, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers demanded strict environmental impact assessments, and the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors demurred, and the project was canceled. Davis pocketed the $10 million, and eventually moved the Raiders back to Oaklandmarker.

Geography

Irwindale is located at (34.112481, -117.964390).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.5 km² (9.5 mi²). 24.1 km² (9.3 mi²) of it is land and 0.4 km² (0.2 mi²) of it (1.80%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,446 people, 365 households, and 293 families residing in the city. The population density was 60.1/km² (155.7/mi²). There were 378 housing units at an average density of 15.7/km² (40.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 47.03% White, 0.41% Black or African American, 1.87% Native American, 1.66% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 44.54% from other races, and 4.36% from two or more races. 88.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 365 households out of which 46.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 19.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.7% were non-families. 15.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.96 and the average family size was 4.35.

In the city the population was spread out with 33.4% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 16.5% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,000, and the median income for a family was $46,827. Males had a median income of $34,375 versus $32,016 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,144. About 17.7% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.8% of those under age 18 and 21.8% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

In the state legislature Irwindale is located in the 24th Senate District, represented by Democrat Gloria Romero, and in the 57th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Edward P. Hernandez. Federally, Irwindale is located in California's 32nd congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +17 and is represented by Democrat Judy Chu.

Public safety

Irwindale has its own police department (Sol Benudiz was the recent police chief, as he's retiring at the end of 2009), while contracting out with the Los Angeles County Fire Department for their services (Fire Station #48 is on Arrow Highway 1/2 mile west of Irwindale Avenue), but for basic paramedic services, Fire Station #29 on Los Angeles Street in neighboring Baldwin Park can be summoned, as well as Station #32 in nearby Azusa.

Irwindale was contemplating disbanding the police department and contracting out with the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department(either from the San Dimas or Temple City regional stations);the decision was to keep the police department intact).

Sister city



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