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Islamabad Capital Territory

Islamabad Capital Territory in Pakistanmarker
(highlighted in dark red)

Territorial capital Islamabadmarker
Languages Urdu (official)
English (official)
Punjabi
Sindhi
Pashto
Balochi
Potwari




Population 955,629 [2087]
Revenue & NFC
 - Share in national revenue
 - Share receives


% (contribution)
% (from fed. govt)

Time zone PST, UTC+5
Number of zones 8
Number of towns
Number of UCs
Governor
Chief Minister
Govt of Islamabad Official Website


The Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT) is one of the two federal territories of Pakistan. It includes Islamabadmarker, the capital city of Pakistanmarker, and covers an area of 1,165.5 km² (450 mi²) of which 906 km² (349.8 mi²) is Islamabad proper. It is represented in the National Assembly by two constituencies, namely NA-48 and NA-49.

History

The land was acquired from the North-West Frontier Provincemarker and Punjabmarker in 1960, for the purpose of establishing Pakistan's new capital. According to the 1960 master plan, the ICT included the city of Rawalpindimarker, and was to be utilized as following:
  1. Rawalpindimarker; 259 km²
  2. Islamabad Proper (including the institutional and industrial areas); 220.15 km²
  3. Islamabad (Margalla Hillsmarker) Park; 220.15 km²
  4. Islamabad Rural Area; 446.20 km²
The five zones of Islamabad
However, the city of Rawalpindi was eventually excluded from ICT. The remainder of the territory is now subdivided into 5 zones, with zone I designated to house all the residential, industrial and government institutions. Punjabmarker is located to the south of the ICT, and North-West Frontier Provincemarker is located to the north west.

Introduction

Islamabad was designed and built to be a modern capital for Pakistanmarker. It is located amongst the Margalla Hills at the northern end of Potohar Plateau. It was established in 1960, on the orders of then President General Ayub Khan.

The capital is full of natural terraces and meadows, and covers the southern plain, which is drained by the Kurang River. The Margalla Hills lie to the north east of the ICT.

Union Councils

The table below lists the 20 union councils, each union council is named after the main town (e.g. Rewat or Tarnol), and shows the areas under its jurisdiction.

Union Councils of Islamabad Capital Territory
Chief town Jurisdiction
1 Rewat Rewat, Bhangreel Kalan, Bhangreel Khurd, Kortara, Takht Pari, Shadi Dhamial, Mohra Amir, Sood Gangal, Mohri Khumbal, Sheikhpur, Hoon Dhamial, Chuchkal and Bhima Kanait
2 Humakmarker Humakmarker, Kotha Kalan and Naizian
3 Sihala Sihala, Gagri, Mughal, Chak Kamidar, Nara Sayedan, Sandu, Chitroh, Herdogher, Jabi Gakhran, Ladhiot, Kangota, Sayedan, Jandala and Kangota Gujran
4 Koral Koral, Lohi Bher, Choocha, Rakh Lohi Bher, Pagh, Panwal, Bora Bangial, Bukher, Khathreel, Dhaliala, Pind Dia, Paija, Darwala, Sher Dhamial, Pindi Malkan, Pindori Hathial, Pindori Sayedan, Bhimber Trar, Gohra Mast, Sigga, Channi Mahsu and Khan
5 Khana Khana Dak, Gangal, Gandhian, Tarlai Khurd and Sodhar
6 Tarlai Kalan Tarlai Kalan, Chaper Mir-Khanal, Tramri, Tamma, Gohra Sardar, Chatha Bakhtawar and Khardapur
7 Kirpa Kirpa, Jhang Sayedan, Partal, Saknal, Panjgran, Frash and Ali Pur
8 Cherah Cherah, Herno Thanda Pani and Ara
9 Tumair Tumair, Kijnah, Sihali, New Simbli, Jandala, Jandgran, Garathian, Darkalai, Rakh Tumair A, Rakh Tumair B, Dakhian and Pind Begwalmarker
10 Phulgran Phulgran, Shahpur, Sakrila, Dohala, Bbbri Betha, Athal, Maira Begwal, Chattar, Karlot, Hotran, Kathar, Mangal, Chaniari, Rakh Maira A & B
11 Bhara Kau Kot Hathial
12 Malpur Malpur, Shahdara (Malpur Rural), Jhanga Bangialmarker, Mandla, Subban, Mangial, Quaid-e-Azam University and Muslim Colony
13 Noorpur Shahan Noor Pur Shahan, Ratta Hoter, Talhar, Gokina and Saidpur
14 Kuri at Chak Shehzad Kuri, Rehara, Chak Shahzad, Majuhan, Mohrian, Gohra Baz, Mohra Jijan, Jagiot and Nogazi,Malot
15 Rawal Town Mohra Noor, Rawal Tonw, Rawal Colony, Mochianwala Mohramarker, Sumbal Korak (Katchi Abadi) and Sumbal Korak
16 Sohan Sohan, Kana Kak, Jaba Taili, Shakrial, Pindori, Sihana, Lakhwal, Chak Bera Sing, Kartal, Bohan, Dhoke Sharaf, Ojri Kalan & Khurd and Poona Faqiran
17 Golra Sharif Golra Sharif, Maira Bairi, Baker Akku, Dharek Mori, Maira Sumbal Aku, Maira Sumbal Jafer, Dharmian (F-11), E-10 (Sihala), Badia Rustam and Khan
18 Shah Allah Ditta Shah Allah Ditta, Seri Seral, Pind Sangral, Sara-e-Kharbooza, Johd, Siray Madhu, Bara Dari, Bakhar Fateh and Bakhsh
19 Jhangi Sayeda Jhangi Sayedan, Nothia, Thala Sayedan and Chailo, Sheikhpur, Kak, Noon, Narala and Bokra
20 Tarnol Bhadana Kalan, Tarnol, Pindi Parian, Naugazi, Dorey, Ahi Paswal, Sangjani and Bhadana Khurd


Area and population

The city is divided into eight basic zone types:
  • Administrative zone;
  • Diplomatic Enclave zone;
  • Residential Areas;
  • Educational Sectors;
  • Industrial Sectors;
  • Commercial Areas;
  • Rural Areas;
  • Green Areas


Each sector has its own shopping area, a green belt (which goes across the whole sector in a straight line) and public park. The population of the city is around 950,000 people of which 66% is urban. It is thus the most advanced region in Pakistan. It has an area of about 910 square kilometres. The city lies at latitudes 33° 49' north and longitudes 72° 24' east with altitudes ranging from 457 to 610 meters.

Notable tribes

While urban Islamabadmarker is home to people from all over Pakistanmarker, the rural areas are home to a number of Pothohari speaking tribal communities. Here are the main ones:

Dhanyal

They are one of the largest tribes living in the areas on the Potohar plateau and Lower Himalayasmarker. This tribe traces their lineage to Ali ibn Abi-Talib. Most of the Dhanyals are settled in the cities of Rawalpindimarker and Islamabadmarker and in Murreemarker Hills. Other branches of the tribe live in Kashmirmarker, Abbottabadmarker, Sialkotmarker and Hazara.

Arain

Most of the Arains settled in Federal Capital are from Jalandharmarker, Ludhianamarker, and Hoshiarpurmarker who migrated from East Punjab and came to Pakistan. They settled in Rawalpindimarker but when capital was transferred to Islamabadmarker, Arains shifted to the Capital. They are mostly associated with the federal bureaucracy and the business going on in the country. Sub-castes of Arain in Islamabad are mostly Mian and Chaudhry.

Muslim Rajputs or Rajas

The ICT territory is home to number of Rajput tribes, such the Dhamial, Bangial, Ranial, Bhains Rajput, Baghial, Khumbal, Gangal, Janjua Rajput and Hon Rajputs.

Rajput villages in the Rewat Union Council are Bhangreel Kalan, Bhangreel Khurd, Kortara, Takht Pari, Shadi Dhamial, Mohra AmDir, Sood Gangal, Mohri Khumbal, Hoon Dhamial, and Bhima Kanait.

Gakhar or Kayanis

The region is home a large community of Gakhar or Kayanis, who were historically rulers of the region.

Awan

Awans are the main tribe in the region in and around the town of Golra Sharif, as well as along the border with the North West Frontier Provincemarker.

Gujar

The Gujar are found throughout rural ICT.

Jat

The Jat are only found only in the Union Council Tarlai Kalan, where the Thathaal clan is concentrated in the town of Tarlai Kalam, and Chatha clan are is found the village of Bakhtawar Chatha.

Dhund Abbasi

Another large tribe, found all along the Murree Tehsil frontier. The villages of Shahadra, Bhara Kahu and Phulgran are famous villages in vicinity of Islamabad.

Climate

The average humidity level is 55%, with an average rainfall of 1450 millimeters each year. The maximum average temperature is 29°C and the minimum average temperature attained here during the year is generally around 11°C.

Education

Islamabad boasts one of the highest literacy rates in Pakistan (outside of Karachi) at 72.38%. It has some of Pakistan's major universities, including Quaid-i-Azam University, the International Islamic Universitymarker, and the National University of Sciences and Technology.

Quaid-e-Azam University offers courses in a number of subjects. The institute is located in a semi-hilly area, east of the Secretariat buildings and near the base of Margala Hills. This Post-Graduate institute is spread over 1,500 acres (6 km²). Major buildings of the campus have been designed in such a way as to form an axial spine with the library in the center.

Other universities situated in Islamabad, other than those mentioned above, include the following:



See also



References

  1. District Profile: Central Punjab - Islamabad
  2. Ranking of districts by literacy rates and illiterates (By 10+ and 15+ Years Age Groups)


External links




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