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Islamia College, Peshawar

Islamia College is an educational institution located in the city of Peshawarmarker of the North-West Frontier Provincemarker (NWFP), Pakistanmarker. It was founded in October 1913 by Nawab Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum and Sir George Roos-Keppel. The college educates its students in arts, humanities and modern sciences. It was a constituent college of the University of Peshawar but in the year 2008 it was given the status of University, with Mr. Muhammad Ajmal Khan as its first vice chancellor and Professor Dr.Mohammed Rashid Farooqi as its patron in-chief ,Acting Vice Chancellor and Dean Faculty of Arts.


When the new province of NWFPmarker was formed in 1901 after its separation from the Punjab, there were three types of schools in the province. Those maintained by endowments and gifts; those established and run privately but aided by the Government; and those maintained by the Government through local boards.


By 1909, the idea of a college in the province was taking shape in the minds of both Nawab Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum and Sir George Roos-Keppel, which was further strengthened by their visit to the Aligarh Muslim University the same year. Nawab Sahib asked the students, especially those from the N.W.F.P. who were studying there as to what were the problems they were facing there and how he could help them. The students told him that they needed a hostel. Nawab Sahib informed them that rather than building them a hostel at Aligarh, he would build them a college at Peshawar.

Consequently, on April 12, 1911, Nawab Sahib arranged a meeting of like minded people in Peshawarmarker at the residence of Abdul Karim, contractor at Peshawarmarker City, which was attended by Arbab Ghulam Haider Khan of Tehkal, Habibullah Khan, Khushal Khan, Sethi Karim Bakhsh, Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum and others. Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum moved the motion for collection of contributions, which was instantly responsed to by cash donations by all present. In addition to his instant cash donation, the Nawab of Dirmarker promised further cash besides four hundred trees. The Nawab of Amb, Nawab Muhammad Khan Zaman Khan also made huge cash contributions of Rs. 1,00,000-00 on request of Syed Abdul Jabbar Shah to the cause. Subscriptions were also given by the Afridi Chiefs and leading religious elders. An example was set by Bibigul, widow of Khairullah Khan of Prang, who gave her ornaments on Jun 6, 1911 as her subscription towards the college fund. Subsequently, a large plot of land was purchased for the college building from the Khalils(Arbabs) of Tehkal.Rs. 1,50,000/- from Nizam of Hyderabad was sent by Syed Abdul Jabbar Shah to Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum as donation. for the college.

Haji Sahib of Turangzaimarker, the most famous Pukhtun religious leader of the time was requested by Nawab Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayyum to lay the foundation stone of Islamia College. Haji Sahib agreed to the request, however, he had been declared a proclaimed offender by the British for his anti-British activities and his entry was banned into British controlled territory. He was residing in tribal territory, which was outside British control, so Nawab Sahib prevailed upon Sir George Roos-Keppel and the British to permit Haji Sahib to enter British controlled territory for one day so he could lay the foundation stone of Islamia College. The British agreed to this request with the understanding that Haji Sahib would return to tribal territory once he had laid the foundation stone. Haji Sahib was permitted to enter British controlled territory for the ceremony and spent the night in the 'Pokh' Mosque of Tehkal. At the foundation stone laying ceremony, Sir Roos Keppel and other British officials were present, so Haji Sahibmarker hid his face in his sheet (Chadar) from them and was led by Sheikh Muhammad Ibrahim to the place where he was to lay the foundation stone. After laying the stone Haji Sahib went to Tehkal and then returned to the tribal territory.

The construction work on Islamia College, which was started in the second half of the year 1912, showed remarkable progress in completion. The programme of construction included an Arts college, a Dar-ul-Uloom, and hostel, a high school and three hostels, a mosque, and residences for the principal and Headmaster. High School which consisted of 26 rooms and one school hostel, were ready before the spring of 1913; and the building before the 1st of October of that year.

The college was opened on October 1 1913 and students were admitted for the first year and third year classes only. The first student to get enrolled in the college was Sahibzada Khurshid (Nawab Sahib's cousin and whom he had raised as a son). Sahibzada Khurshid later on became the Governor of NWFP in 1949. At the close of the year, the number of enrollment had reached 33. Initially, the college had ten members of teaching staff, one clerk, one accountant, and two hostels, i.e., Qaiyum Manzil and Hardinge Hostel. Mr. L. Tipping was the first Principal. Allama Mashriqi was the vice principal and the professor of mathematics, and Maulana Qutb Shah as the Dean of Theology. Besides the physical beauty of the college, Nawab Sahib was very particular about its academic standard and was very careful in appointing any new professor or teacher. For this purpose, he was always in search of learned and well educated people. After the sad demise of Nawab Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayum in 1937, the college was left more or less an orphan in the hands of others.

The Will of Quaid E Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
The Historic Group Photograph of Quaid E Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (the Founder of the State of Pakistan & the Father of the Pakistani Nation) at his Last Visit to Islamia College, Peshawar, N-WFP, Pakistan (12.04.1948 CE) (Courtesy of Prof. Dr. Taskeen Ahmad Khan, Associate Dean, Associate Faculty of Urology, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar (nb: From the Personal Library File of Maj.
Gen (Retd.) Anwar Sher Khan, Peshawar)).
The Legend of the above Historic Group Photograph of Quaid E Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (Courtesy of Prof. Dr. Taskeen Ahmad Khan, Peshawar (nb: From the Personal Library File of Maj.
Gen (Retd.) Anwar Sher Khan, Peshawar)).

However, the college survived the ups and downs of the coming years for the Last Century and In the 21st Century until It got the status of Islamia College Univeristy Peshawar, Professor Dr. Mohammad Rashid Farooqi Served As the Last Principal of This Great Institute and Mr. Ajmal Khan was Nominated its First Vice Chancellor and Prof Dr Naeem Khalid as the Convener.The official Web site to the university is

History of Islamia College, Peshawar.

Academic Departments

Islamia College has the following academic departments:

  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Computer Sciences
  • Electronics
  • English
  • History
  • Islamic Studies
  • Sociology
  • Statistics
  • Urdu
  • Zoology

Photogallery of Islamia College University Peshawar

Image:Islamia_College_University_Peshawar_gallerypic_8.jpg|Front of the main building.Image:Islamia_College_University_Peshawar_gallerypic_1.jpg|ICUP in rainy winter of 2005.Image:Islamia_College_University_Peshawar_gallerypic_2.jpg|ICUP in winter of 2005.Image:Islamia_College_University_Peshawar_gallerypic_3.jpg|ICUP in rainy winter of 2005.Image:Islamia_College_University_Peshawar_gallerypic_4.jpg|ICUP in rainy winter of 2005.Image:Islamia_College_University_Peshawar_gallerypic_5.jpg|ICUP in rainy winter of 2005.Image:Islamia_College_University_Peshawar_gallerypic_7.jpg|ICUP in winter of 2005.Image:Islamia_College_University_Peshawar_gallerypic_6.jpg|Under the clock tower of main building.Image:Islamia_College_University_Peshawar_gallerypic_9.jpg|A veranda in main building.Image:Islamia_College_University_Peshawar_gallerypic_10.jpg|Under a dome of main building.Image:Islamia_College_University_Peshawar_gallerypic_11.jpg|Inside a dome of main building.Image:Islamia_College_University_Peshawar_gallerypic_12.jpg|A classroom in main building.Image:Islamia_College_University_Peshawar_gallerypic_13.jpg|The Takbeer Block.

See also


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