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The Italian Football Federation (FIGC) ( F.I.G.C.), also known as Federcalcio, is the governing body of football in Italymarker. It organises the Italian football league, Coppa Italia, Italian national football team, and the Italian women's national football team. It is based in Romemarker and is a founding member of both FIFAmarker and UEFA.

History

The Federation was founded in 1898 as the sport of football was picking up in the country and needed a formal structure to take things to the next level. The first presidency was decided in the Piedmontese capital of Turinmarker, where Mario Vicary was elected along with Luigi D'Ovidio.



At constitution this football federation was given a different name: Federazione Italiana Football (F.I.F.) just because all play terms and rules were the official F.A. ones.

In the few short years before and after the introduction of the Federation, clubs all over the country from Genoamarker, Turinmarker, Milanmarker, Naplesmarker, Romemarker, Palermomarker, and others were forming.

When in 1909 it was suggested to change the federation's name at annual board elections held in Milanmarker at the end of August the few teams attending, representing less than 50% the active clubs, decided the sending of a postcard asking all teams to vote for the 5 new names discussed during the meeting.

The new name approved was "Federazione Italiana Giuoco del Calcio" and since then this is the name of the Italian Football Federation.

This Italian Federation had always been an amateur federation respecting F.I.F.A. rules since became a member in 1905. At the end of World War 1 the federation knew an impressive development and several footballers were judged to be professional players and banned according F.I.F.A. agreements.

From 1922 to 1926 new and more severe rules were approved for keeping the amateur status real and effective such as footballer's residence and transfers controls but best players were secretly paid and moved from other provinces illegally. Foreigners had to live in the country in order to get a residence visa and the players's card.

Hundreds of hungarian players skipped all rules and past 1922 flew over Italy pretending to be refugees escaping communism and got it easyly for playing in lower leagues and not famous teams too (Hungarian Federation didn't allow professional players to exit the state without permission).

When in 1926 the Italian Federation Board resigned past a very difficult referee's strike, the fascist Lando Ferretti president of the Italian Olympic Committee (C.O.N.I.) nomined a Commission to reform all Leagues and federal rules. The Commission signed a document called the "Carta di Viareggio" (Rules issued in Viareggiomarker) where football players were recognized as "non-amateurs" and capable to apply for refunds for the money they had lost while playing for the football teams. They had to sign the declaration not being professional players so that F.I.F.A. rules were respected because for F.I.G.C. they were appearing as "amateurs" receiving just refunds. It was the beginning of the professionism in Italy.

The Carta di Viareggio reduced the number of foreign players to be fielded to just one per match so that the most part of hungarians remained jobless and got back to their country.

Between 1964 and 1980, foreign players were banned from the Italian league, primarily to revive the national team.

Last five years

The F.I.G.C. was placed in administration in May 2006 as a result of the Serie A scandal of 2006 and was put under the management of Guido Rossi.

In May 2006, Rossi was chosen and accepted the role of President of Telecom Italia. This appointment caused angry reactions from club presidents in Italy.

On September 19, Rossi resigned his position as Commissioner of FIGC. On September 21, Luca Pancalli, head of the Italian Paralympic Committee, was chosen to replace Rossi.

On April 2 2007, a president was finally elected, with former Vice-President Giancarlo Abete being voted by 264 grand electors out of 271.

On December 2 2008, the F.I.G.C. announced the top ten all time greatest Italian football players. They were (in order):

1 - Giuseppe Meazza

2 - Luigi Riva

3 - Roberto Baggio

4 - Paolo Maldini

5 - Giacinto Facchetti

6 - Sandro Mazzola

7 - Giuseppe Bergomi

8 - Valentino Mazzola

9 - Marco Tardelli

10 - Paolo Rossi

Honors



Notes



External links




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