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Itaqui is a municipality in Brazilmarker, located in the southwestern part of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, close to the Argentinianmarker border, between Uruguaianamarker and São Borja. It sits at a mean altitude of 57 meters (187 ft), by the Uruguay River. Its population is currently estimated at 42,000.

Geography

Politics

The city's first mayor was Felipe Nery de Aguiar, (1896 - 1900).

The address of city hall is :
Prefeitura Municipal de Itaqui
Rua Bento de Gonçalves, 335
Itaqui-RS
Brasil


Postcode (CEP): 97 650-000
Contact: e-mail


History

The city's inhabitant denom. is Itaquiense / Gaúcho.The city’s patron saint is Saint Patrick.

Arts

Theater Prezewodowski History

Theatro Prezewodowski, or Teatro Prezewodowski, was built in 1883 and is one of the oldest in South America. It is constructed of masonry, with a façade 15 meters high, and the most important original characteristics being the mobile auditorium, which, with a special mechanism, allowed this to be level with the stage, for balls and other types of events. Its façade is decorated, with an entrance porch with two Roman columns, between which is the main entrance, and on it is the name of the Theater. At both the sides, it’s provided with windows on the ground floor and on the first floor, and the first floor has two doors with fences of iron.

The name of the Theater is a hommage to Estanislau Prezewodowski, who fought in the Paraguayan War or War of the Triple Alliance (1864-1870) and was of Polish-descendant, (he was born in Bahia) and then leader of the Flotilla of the High, Uruguay River, unit of the Brazilian Navy, that was anchored here in the waters of the Uruguay River in Itaqui, during approximately 40 years. The Prezewodowski Theater is situated in front of the “Square Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca” and at the side of the Municipal City hall.

During many years the theater had been the scene of stage plays of great international theatrical companies, that played in Brazilmarker, in the axis Porto Alegremarker-São Paulomarker-Rio de Janeiromarker, and then going on to Buenos Airesmarker and Montevideomarker. Due to the ease of the rivber travel, these European companies always played in Itaqui's Theater, giving to the city the nickname of “Small Paris.” Not only the foreign companies were attractions at the Theater, the biggest names of the Brazilianmarker stage also have played in it, such as Prócopio Ferreira, Maria de La Costa, Nicete Bruno, Wilson Grey, Vicente Celestino and others famous artists from 'Theatro Nacional do Rio de Janeiro'.

With the advent of the Second World War, that prevented the coming of theatrical companies to Brazilmarker, the Theater went into decay.

The city administered the Theater until 1928, when the cinematographic entrepreneur Manoel Barbosa leased it monthly for R$350,000 réis. In 1931, it was leased to another entrepreneur, Mr. Eduardo Corbacho for the equivalent 10% of the incomes of the spectacles, with a minimum guarantee of R$300,000 réis. In 1933 the company Contursi & Cia leased it for the monthly value of R$600,000 réis, with the obligation to make it function at least four times per month, on condition that solo artists or the city’s artists played in it.

In 1942, the building was sold at public auction, as a result of an action moved by a shareholder, who desired to recover the value of capital that she had subscribed. The building was bought in the auction by the city’s medic and politician Dr. Roque Degrazia, who later, for the same price that he had paid, sold it on to the city’s administration, which is still today the owner of its patrimony.

Economy

Paddy-field


Agriculture

Brazil is today the Occident´s greatest rice producer and consumer. Itaqui is the 2nd rice producer of the State and CAMIL INC. is the greatest rice Industry of Latin America. It uses the brand name of CAMIL in rice, soya oil and bean that it industrializes. The company was created in Itaqui in the 60’s. Now has great enterprises in São Paulomarker and at the city of Camaquã and Maçambará.[253016] [253017]

Together with Itaqui's branch, JOSAPAR INC., from the city of Pelotasmarker is the producer of ‘TIO JOÃO’ brand name rice and is the 2nd major rice industry of Latin America. [253018]

Cattle

The economy of the city is based too, on large purebred creations of Britishmarker and European cattle like Angusmarker, Herefordmarker, Charolais, Simmentalmarker and many others contemporary breeds as the result of crossing two or more of the older breeds like Santa Gertrudis purebred, from Texasmarker, USAmarker.

See also



References

  • The 2002's book "ITAQUI", by Iara Maria Pazetto Rossi.
  • The photo "Sundown at Uruguai River seen from the Port of Itaqui/RS" was shot by Belmiro Elói Bittencourt da Rosa on 8 July 2006.


External links

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French



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