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The Coat of Arms of the Sulyma family
Ivan Sulyma ( , – Ivan Mykhaylovych Sulyma) was a hetman of the Cossacks.

Life and Death

Son of Mykhailo Sulyma, Ivan came from a petty noble (szlachta) family. He was born in Rogoszcze (near Chernihivmarker). He served as an estate overseer for Stanisław Żółkiewski and later the family of Daniłowicze who inherited his lands; for that service in 1620 he was an owner of three villages: Sulimówka, Kuczakiw and Liebiedin. His sons included Stepan (d. 1659), a captain of Boryspilmarker company, and Fedir (d. 1691), a colonel of Pereiaslavmarker regiment.

He was becoming increasingly popular among the unregistered Cossacks, leading them on campaigns to plunder Crimeamarker and other Ottoman vassal territories. For organizing a revolt on an Ottoman slave galley and freeing Christian slaves he received a medal from Pope Paul V himself. Eventually, Sulyma reached the rank of the hetman, which he held from 1628 to 1629 and 1630 to 1635.

In 1635, after returning from an expedition to Black Seamarker against the Ottomans, he decided to rebel against the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, which at that time controlled most of the Cossack territories, and whose nobility was trying to turn militiant Cossacks into serfs. On the night of 3 to 4 August 1635 he took the newly constructed Kodak fortressmarker by surprise, burning it and executing its crew of about 200 people under Jean Marion. Soon afterwards however his forces were defeated by the army of hetman Stanisław Koniecpolski and Sulima was turned over to the Commonwealth by Cossack elders or starshina. Together with several other leaders of his rebellion, Hetman Sulyma was executed in Warsawmarker on 12 December 1635. At first, the Polish King Władysław IV Waza, known for his friendly attitude towards the Cossacks, was hesitant to execute Sulyma, especually since he was a person upon whom the Pope himself bestowed his medal. However, pressured by the nobility who wanted to show that no rebellions against the 'established order' will be tolerated; the order for an execution was given; after being tortured, Sulyma was cut to pieces and his body parts were hung on the city walls of Warsaw.

See also



References

  1. Plokhy, Serhii. The Cossacks and Religion in Early Modern Ukraine. Oxford University Press, 2001
  2. Myroslav, Mamchak. Ivan Sulyma, Hetman of Zaporizhzhya Host. Retrieved 24 November 2006


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