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Ivar Ballangrud (7 March 1904 – 1 June 1969) was a Norwegianmarker speed skater.

Biography

Ivar Ballangrud was one of the best speed skaters in the world for a period of 15 years, from 1924 to 1939. Coming from the small place Lunnermarker on Hadeland, he was a member of the famous "Hadeland Trio", consisting of himself, Michael Staksrud and Hans Engnestangen. He represented the club Trondhjems Skøiteklub.

Ballangrud was four times World Allround Champion, four times European Allround Champion, five times Norwegian Allround Champion, and four times Olympic Champion. He won three Olympic titles at the 1936 Winter Olympics in Garmisch-Partenkirchenmarker: 500 m (quite surprisingly), 5000 m, and 10000 m. On the 1500 m during those Winter Olympics, he won silver – his teammate Charles Mathiesen being the only one to keep him from winning gold in all four speed skating events. Ballangrud had won his first Olympic gold 8 years earlier on the 5000 m at the 1928 Winter Olympics. In addition, he won a bronze medal (1500 m) in 1928 and a silver medal (10000 m) at the 1932 Winter Olympics. He would have been the favourite for winning more Olympic gold in 1932 if the races had been held in the normal European way, not the American packstyle way where all competitors are on the ice at the same time.

He made his international debut as a 19-year-old rising star in 1924, although it was too late to compete in the Winter Olympics that year. However, he was paired with Julius Skutnabb – who had just become the Olympic 10000 m Champion – in his first World Championships in Helsinki in 1924, and beat the champion on his homeground. In 1930, he dethroned Oscar Mathisen from the top of the Adelskalender and he would remain the number one on the Adelskalender for seven years.

In addition to his five official world records, Ballangrud skated 16:46.4 in a 10000 m packstyle test race before the Olympic Games in 1932. This time was 31 seconds below the then-current world record and it would stand unbeaten as the fastest 10000 m time for twenty years, until Hjalmar Andersen set his famous world record of 16:32.6.

Medals

An overview of medals won by Ballangrud at important championships he participated in, listing the years in which he won each:

Championships Gold medal Silver medal Bronze medal
Winter Olympics 1928 (5000 m)
1936 (500 m)
1936 (5000 m)
1936 (10000 m)


1932 (10000 m)
1936 (1500 m)
1928 (1500 m)
World Allround 1926
1932
1936
1938


1928
1929
1930
1935


1931
1933
1934

European Allround 1929
1930
1933
1936


1927
1938
Norwegian Allround 1926
1929
1930
1936
1939



1932
1935


World records

Over the course of his career, Ballangrud skated five world records:



Event Result Date Venue
5000 m 8:24.2 19 January 1929 Davosmarker
5000 m 8:21.6 11 January 1930 Davosmarker
3000 m 4:49.6 29 January 1935 Davosmarker
5000 m 8:17.2 18 January 1936 Oslomarker
10000 m 17:14.4 6 February 1938 Davosmarker


Personal records

To put these personal records in perspective, the WR column lists the official world records on the dates that Ballangrud skated his personal records.



Event Result Date Venue WR
500 m 42.7 31 January 1939 St. Moritzmarker 41.8
1000 m 1:29.3 24 February 1937 Oslomarker 1:28.4
1500 m 2:14.0 29 January 1939 Davosmarker 2:14.9
3000 m 4:49.6 29 January 1935 Davosmarker 4:59.1
5000 m 8:17.2 18 January 1936 Oslomarker 8:18.9
10000 m 17:14.4 6 February 1938 Davosmarker 17:17.4


Note that Ballangrud's personal record on the 1500 m was not a world record because Hans Engnestangen skated 2:13.8 at the same tournament.

Ballangrud has an Adelskalender score of 188.806 points. He was number one on the Adelskalender for a total of 3,675 days, divided over two periods between 1930 and 1942.

References

  • Eng, Trond. All Time International Championships, Complete Results: 1889 - 2002. Askim, Norway: WSSSA-Skøytenytt, 2002.
  • Eng, Trond; Gjerde, Arild and Teigen, Magne. Norsk Skøytestatistikk Gjennom Tidene, Menn/Kvinner, 1999 (6. utgave). Askim/Skedsmokorset/Veggli, Norway: WSSSA-Skøytenytt, 1999.
  • Eng, Trond; Gjerde, Arild; Teigen, Magne and Teigen, Thorleiv. Norsk Skøytestatistikk Gjennom Tidene, Menn/Kvinner, 2004 (7. utgave). Askim/Skedsmokorset/Veggli/Hokksund, Norway: WSSSA-Skøytenytt, 2004.
  • Eng, Trond and Teigen, Magne. Komplette Resultater fra offisielle Norske Mesterskap på skøyter, 1894 - 2005. Askim/Veggli, Norway: WSSSA-Skøytenytt, 2005.
  • Teigen, Magne. Komplette Resultater Norske Mesterskap På Skøyter, 1887 - 1989: Menn/Kvinner, Senior/Junior. Veggli, Norway: WSSSA-Skøytenytt, 1989.
  • Teigen, Magne. Komplette Resultater Internasjonale Mesterskap 1889 - 1989: Menn/Kvinner, Senior/Junior, allround/sprint. Veggli, Norway: WSSSA-Skøytenytt, 1989.
  • Ivar Ballangrud at SkateResults.com
  • Ivar Ballangrud. Deutsche Eisschnelllauf Gemeinschaft e.V. (German Skating Association).
  • Evert Stenlund's Adelskalender pages
  • Historical World Records. International Skating Union.
  • National Championships results. Norges Skøyteforbund (Norwegian Skating Association).



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