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Izvestia ( ; ) is a long-running high-circulation daily newspaper in Russiamarker. The word "izvestiya" in Russian means "delivered messages", derived from the verb izveshchat ("to inform", "to notify"). In the context of newspapers it is usually translated as "news" or "reports".

Origin

The newspaper began as the News of the Petrograd Soviet of Workers Deputies on in Petrogradmarker. Initially, the paper expressed Menshevik and Socialist-Revolutionary Party views.

In August 1917 it took the title News of the Central Executive Committee of the Petrograd Soviet of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies. By October 1917 it became News of the Central Executive Committee of the Soviets of Working and Military Deputies, and was eventually retitled News of the Soviets of People's Deputies.

After the Second All-Union Congress of Soviets, Izvestia became an official newspaper of the Soviet government (Central Executive Committee of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union and Sovnarkom).

History

1917–1991

During the Sovietmarker period, while Pravda served as the official mouthpiece of the Communist Party, Izvestia expressed the official views of the Soviet government as published by the Presidium of the Supreme Sovietmarker of the USSR. The full name was Izvestiya Sovetov Narodnykh Deputatov SSSR (in Russian, Известия Советов народных депутатов СССР, the Reports of Soviets of Peoples' Deputies of the USSR).

1991–present

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Izvestia, describes itself as an "all-national" newspaper of Russiamarker. The newspaper was owned by a vast holding company of Vladimir Potanin which has close ties with the government. Control stake of Izvestia was purchased by state-owned Gazprom on Friday 3 June, 2005, and included in the Gazprom Media holding. According to the allegations of the Committee to Protect Journalists, Raf Shakirov, editor-in-chief of Izvestia, was forced to resign because the government officials did not like the paper's coverage of the Beslan school hostage crisis. Other sources informed that Potanin had asked him to leave for fear the Kremlin would be riled by the explicit photographs of the massacre published by Izvestia. As of 2005, the circulation of Izvestia is 240,967. Until October 1, 2008, the current chief artist was Boris Yefimov, the 107 year-old illustrator who worked as Joseph Stalin's political cartoonist.

References

  1. Russia: State-Owned Gazprom Buys Leading Independent Daily 'Izvestiya'
  2. " Attacks 2005: Europe and Central Asia. Committee to Protect Journalists. February 16, 2006.
  3. Russia, Media, Gazprom, Izvestia - JRL 6-3-05


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