Jönköping ( ) is a city in Småland in southern
Sweden with 84,423 inhabitants in 2005.
It is the
9th most populous city of Sweden.
is the seat of Jönköping Municipality which has a population of 122,194 (2006), and also
the seat of Jönköping County which has a population of 331,539
Jönköping is the seat of a district court and a court of appeal as
well as the Swedish National Courts Administration. It is also the seat of
the Swedish Board
Geographically the town is situated by the
southern end of Sweden's second largest lake, Vättern.
With a sandy beach running through
Jönköping, it is considered a very beautiful city. The original town
Jönköping has grown together with Huskvarna and Norrahammar forming
a contiguous urban area, since 1971 wholly in the same
is an old trading center (Köping), since it was located on a
crossroad for the roads following along the rivers Nissan and Lagan, and the
road between the provinces Östergötland and Västergötland.
This was rather natural due to the
geographical position of the city at the southern end of lake
Vättern, which divided the two counties. On 18 May 1284,
Jönköping received rights as a City in
Sweden as one of the first communities in the country, by King
Magnus Ladulås, who at that time
largely ruled the nation from Vättern's largest island Visingsö.
In the name of the city "Jön-" is derived
from a creek, "Junebäcken", which was situated in the nowadays
western part of the city, Talavid. This was the location of the
first known settlement in the area. The second part of the name
"-köping", as mentioned above, is an old word for a trading center
or market place.
the geographical position of the city also left it vulnerable to
foreign attacks, mainly from the Danes, coming from
the south with the river roads; at that time, the provinces of what
is today southern Sweden — Scania,
Halland and Blekinge — belonged to Denmark.
city was plundered and burned several times, until a fortification
was built in the 16th and 17th century.
Jönköping is known for its matchstick
1845-1970. Still today it is an important Swedish logistical
center, with many companies' central warehouses situated there
area of Jönköping today includes the eastern industrial town of
Huskvarna, with which it has grown together.
A major fair and exhibition center, Elmia
also located in Jönköping, with fairs including Elmia Wood
, the world’s largest forestry fair.
Elmia’s fairs are also the biggest of their kind in Europe for
subcontractors, trucks, caravans and railways. Since 2002, Elmia
has also been the site of the world's largest LAN party
Asplund, survivor of the RMS Titanic sinking
- John Bauer, illustrator, painter
- Amy Diamond, singer
- Agnetha Fältskog, ABBA
- Anders Gustafsson, kayaker,
- Dag Hammarskjöld, United Nations
- Mona Johannesson, model
- Sven-Olof Karlsson, former
CEO of Jonkoping County Council, advocate of the Esther Project,
leader of one of the top five models of health care sysytem
transformation ranked best in the world, dynamic public
- Fredrik Neij, Founder of The Pirate Bay BitTorrent-tracker.
- Nina Persson, The Cardigans
- Sofia Paldanius, kayaker,
- Johan Björnsson
Printz, governor of the Swedish colony of New Sweden
- Viktor Rydberg, author
- Emil Svanängen, of indie pop band Loney,
- Swante M. Swenson, Founder of the SMS Ranches in Texas.
- Carl Peter Thunberg,
Panorama of central Jönköping
International Business School (Internationella
School of Education and Communication (Högskolan för
lärarutbildning och kommunikation)
School of Engineering (Jönköpings tekniska högskola)
- *Jönköping School
of Health Sciences (Hälsohögskolan)