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John Massey Rhind (July 9, 1860 - 1936) was an Americanmarker sculptor born in Edinburghmarker, Scotlandmarker. Among Rhind's better known works is the marble statue of Dr. Crawford W. Long located in the National Statuary Hall Collection in Washington D.C. (1926)

Early years

Rhind began his art studies under the tutorage of his father John Rhind (1828 – 1892), a respected and successful sculptor in Edinburgh. He continued his education with Jules Dalou, who was at that time living and teaching in Lambethmarker, Englandmarker. He then moved to Parismarker to continue his education for two more years. Upon completing his training he considered moving to the United States but was cautioned by his father not to do so because, “There is no sculptural art in America . . .You’ll starve.” Despite this sage parental advice Rhind immigrated to the United States in 1889 and settled in New York Citymarker.


In February 1890 John Jacob Astor III died and shortly thereafter a competition to create three sets of bronze doors dedicated to him for Trinity Church, New Yorkmarker was announced. Rhind entered the competition, and, along with Charles Niehaus and Karl Bitter, was awarded one of the sets of doors. After this success he never lacked for work and was to generate a large number of public monuments and architectural projects. Nevertheless, Rhind still found time for smaller, private pieces such as the bust of Theodore Roosevelt picture below.

Gettysburg Battlefieldmarker

Public monuments


  • ’’Rufus H. King Memorial Fountain’’, Washington Park, Albany, New Yorkmarker, 1893: the theme, specified by King's son, J. Howard King: Moses strikes the rock at Horeb
  • The Corning Fountain, Bushnell Parkmarker, Hartford, Connecticutmarker, 1899 bronze and granite, the fountain is 30 feet tall, with a statue of a deer in the middle surrounded by figures of Saukiog Indians, Hartford’s first inhabitants.
  • ’’Fountain of Apollo’’, Lakewood, New Jerseymarker, 1902

Architectural sculpture

Image:JMR-Memphis7.jpg|Shelby County Courthouse
Image:JMR-Memphis1.jpg|JusticeImage:JMR-Memphis4.jpg|AuthorityImage:JMRMemphis11.jpg|WisdomImage:JMRDetroit1.jpg|Wayne County Buildingmarker
Image:JMRWayneCoBldg2.jpg|Wayne County Building
Image:JMRWayneCoBldg3.jpg|Wayne County Building
Image:JMRDetroit4.jpg|Wayne Coutny Building
Image:JMRCableB.jpg|Cable BuildingImage:JMRWashington.jpg|General George Washington
File:PhilipSchuylerStatue.jpg|Philip Schuyler
Image:JMRColl.jpg|ColleoniFile:KingFountainWashingtonParkAlbany.jpg|King Fountain, AlbanyFile:McKinley Statue08.jpg|National McKinley Birthplace Memorialmarker,
Niles, Ohiomarker


  • Cantor, Laurel M., Spires of Princeton University: An architectural tour of the campus,Office of Communications/Publications, Stanhope Hall, Princeton University
  • Caffin, Charles H., American Masters of Sculpture, Doubleday, Page & Company, New York 1913
  • Craven, Wayne, The Sculpture at Gettysburg, Eastern Acorn Press, Eastern National Park and Monument association, 1982
  • Hawthorne, Frederick W., Gettysburg: Stories of Men and Monuments, The Association of Licensed Battlefield Guides, 1988
  • Kvaran and Lockley, Guide to the Architectural Sculpture in America, unpublished manuscript
  • Mackay, James, The Dictionary of Sculptors in Bronze, Antique Collectors Club, Woodbridge, Suffolk 1977
  • McSpadden, J. Walker, Famous Sculptors of America, Dodd, Mead and Company, Inc. New York 1924
  • Murdock, Myrtle Cheney, National Statuary Hall in the Nation's Capitol, Monumental Press, Inc., Washington D.C., 1955
  • Nawrocki, Dennis Alan and Thomas J. Holleman, Art in Detroit Public Places, Wayne State University Press, Detroit, Michigan, 1980
  • Opitz, Glenn B , Editor, Mantle Fielding’s Dictionary of American Painters, Sculptors & Engravers, Apollo Book, Poughkeepsie NY, 1986
  • Thurkow, Fearn, Newark's Sculpture: A Survey of Public Monuments and Memorial Statuary, The Newark Museum Quarterly, Newark Museum Association, Winter 1975
  • Whittmore, Frances Davis, George Washington in Sculpture, Marshall Jones Company, Boston, 1933

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