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John Michael Bishop (born February 22, 1936) is an Americanmarker immunologist and microbiologist who won the 1989 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. He currently serves as an active faculty member and chancellor at the University of California, San Francisco.

Bishop was born in Pennsylvaniamarker. He attended Gettysburg Collegemarker as an undergraduate, then earned an MD from Harvard Universitymarker in 1962.

He began his career working for the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, a part of the National Institutes of Healthmarker. He then spent a year working for the Heinrich-Pette Institute in Hamburgmarker, Germanymarker before joining the faculty of the University of California, San Franciscomarker. Bishop has remained on the school's faculty since 1968, and has been chancellor of the university since 1998.

Bishop is best known for his Nobel-winning work on retroviral oncogenes. Working with Harold E. Varmus in the 1980s, he discovered the first human oncogene, c-Src. Their findings allowed the understanding of how malignant tumors are formed from changes to the normal genes of a cell. These changes can be produced by viruses, by radiation, or by exposure to some chemicals.

Bishop is also a recipient of National Medal of Science in 2003; that same year his book "How to win the Nobel Prize: An Unexpected Life in Science" was published.

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