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John Philip Grime is a prominent British ecologist and emeritus professor at the University of Sheffield. He is best known for his CSR theory on plant strategies, for the unimodal relationship between species richness and site productivity (the "humped-back model"), for the Intermediate Disturbance Hypothesis, and for the DST classification (dominants, subordinates and transients).

Grime's 1979 book Plant Strategies and Vegetation Processes has been cited more than 1,200 times. Together with many influential scientific papers, it has made him a highly cited scientist. In an interview Grime has stated that "Ecology lacks a Periodic Table", quoting Richard Southwood .


He obtained his Ph.D. from University of Sheffield in 1960 and joined the staff of the Department of Botany in 1961. He worked at the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Stationmarker, U.S.A.marker from 1963 to 1964. He then returned to the University of Sheffield and joined the Unit of Comparative Plant Ecology, which had been founded in 1961 by professor Ian H. Rorison. Grime served as deputy director of the unit 1964-1989 and as director from 1989.


In 1997, he won the Marsh Ecology Award from the British Ecological Society and was awarded honorary membership of the Ecological Society of America. He was also Distinguished Visiting Ecologist at Pennsylvania State Universitymarker in that year. In 1998, he became elected Fellow of the Royal Society and honorary doctor at University of Nijmegenmarker. He has been honorary member of the British Ecological Society since 1999.

Selected works


  1. University of Sheffield
  2. Interview with Peter Moore in ScienceWatch July/August 1996

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