Jackson is a city in
County, Georgia, United
The population was 3,934 at the 2000
census. The city is the county
seat of Butts
of Georgia is located in Jackson. The community was
named after President Andrew Jackson
like the capital of
Founded in 1826, Jackson began as a 303
acre plot purchased for the purpose of starting the town. The plot
was divided into squares and each square into lots. The first buyer
of a lot in the new town was John D. Swift of Newton County,
Georgia. During the American Civil
, much of Jackson was razed by the army of General William T. Sherman
in his infamous March to the Sea.
After the war, Jackson, like much of the South, struggled
economically for decades. Jackson remained little more than a small
village until the arrival of the railroads in the latter half of
the 19th century. On May 5th, 1882 the first train arrived in
Jackson, heralding a new era in transportation of people and
During the 20th Century, Jackson grew and industrial textile mills
became the largest employer of local citizens. The arrival of
[Interstate 75] just a few miles to the southwest of the city gave
citizens quick access to Atlanta and Macon. The numerous schools
throughout the county consolidated into one central school system
located in Jackson and the schools desegregated in 1968. In the
1970's, Jackson slowly became a bedroom community, ideal for
commuters to Atlanta.
City taxes were also abolished in the 1970's, another attractive
Jackson is located at .
According to the United
States Census Bureau
, the city has a total area of
4.7 square miles (12.3 km²), of which, 4.7 square
miles (12.2 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles
(0.1 km²) of it (0.42%) is water.
Jackson is governed by an elected City Council of five members,
each representing a district of the city. The Council is presided
over by the Mayor, who is elected at-large. All officials serve
four year terms. The current Mayor of Jackson is Charles Brown, who
has held the office since 1996. The city government is established
by means of the City Charter.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,934 people, 1,510
households, and 996 families residing in the city. The population
density was 836.3 people per square mile (323.2/km²). There were
1,668 housing units at an average density of 354.6/sq mi
(137.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 53.71% White, 44.26%
African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.03% Pacific
Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.27% of the population.
There were 1,510 households out of which 31.1% had children under
the age of 18 living with them, 38.5% were married couples living
together, 23.0% had a female householder with no husband present,
and 34.0% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up
of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years
of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the
average family size was 3.18.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age
of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to
64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was
37 years. For every 100 females there were 78.9 males. For every
100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $28,472, and the
median income for a family was $34,773. Males had a median income
of $30,331 versus $20,994 for females. The per capita income for
the city was $15,702. About 16.8% of families and 21.2% of the
population were below the poverty line, including 29.5% of those
under age 18 and 29.0% of those age 65 or over.
the home of WJGA-FM 92.1,
broadcaster of Jackson High School
Red Devil sports.
Jackson was home of one of a handful of Western Auto
Supply Stores still in operation.
(This store is now out of business.)
Teresa Cooper, contestant on Survivor:
; former US Congressman Mac