) was the second wife of Pablo Picasso
and his frequent model
. Picasso spent the last 20 years of his
life with Roque, during which time he created more than 400
portraits of her. They had no children.
Roque was married previously; from her first marriage she had a
daughter, Catherine Hutin-Blay. Before meeting Picasso, she was a saleswoman
at Madoura Pottery in Vallauris, where Picasso's ceramic works were created.
After Pablo Picasso separated from Françoise Gilot
, they began their
married in Vallauris on 2 March 1961.
Roque's image began to appear in Picasso's paintings in May 1954.
These portraits are characterized by an exaggerated neck and feline
face, distortions of Roque's features. Eventually her dark eyes and
eyebrows, high cheekbones, and classical profile would become
familiar symbols in his late paintings. It is likely that Picasso's
series of paintings derived from Eugene
's The Women of
was inspired by Roque's beauty; the artist
commented that "Delacroix had already met Jacqueline." In 1955 he
drew Jacqueline as "Lola de Valence"
, a reference to
's painting of the
Spanish dancer. In 1963 he painted her portrait 160 times, and
continued to paint her, in increasingly abstracted forms, until
Picasso's death in 1973, Roque fought with his children over the
distribution of the artist's estate, and agreed to establish the
Picasso in Madrid.
Roque killed herself with a gun after the death of Picasso in Mougins.
- Banham, Joanna, Jiminez, Jill Berk. Dictionary of Artists'
Models. Taylor & Francis, 2001. ISBN 1579582338
- Hohenadel, Kristin. Mixing art and commerce. Los
Angeles Times, March 21, 2004. 
- Richardson, John. The Sorcerer's Apprentice: Picasso,
Provence, and Douglas Cooper. University of Chicago Press,
2001. ISBN 0226712451