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The flag of the Army of Mohammed.
Jaish-e-Mohammed ( , literally The Army of Mohammad, transliterated as Jaish-e-Muhammed, Jaish-e-Mohammad or Jaish-e-Muhammad, often abbreviated as JeM) is a major Islamic mujahedeen organization in South Asia. Jaish-e-Mohammed was formed in 2000 and is based in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The group's primary motive is to separate Kashmirmarker from Indiamarker and it has carried out a series of attacks primarily in Indian-administered Kashmir. It has been banned in Pakistan since 2002, yet continues to operate several facilities in Bahawalpurmarker, Punjab.

The group was formed after supporters of Maulana Masood Azhar split from Harkut-ul-Mujahideen. The group is regarded as a terrorist organization by several countries including Indiamarker, United Statesmarker and United Kingdommarker. It has been implicated in an attack on the 2001 Indian Parliament attack in New Delhi, and the murder of American journalist Daniel Pearl in Karachi.

Jaish-e-Mohammed is viewed by some as the "deadliest" and "the principal terrorist organization in Jammu and Kashmirmarker".

An informant, posing as a member of Jaish-e-Mohammed, helped police to arrest four people allegedly plotting to bomb a New York City synagogue as well as to shoot Stinger missiles at military aircraft in the United Statesmarker. The arrest of the four took place in May 2009. One of the four, by the name of James Cromitie, allegedly expressed the desire to join Jaish-e-Mohammed. This expression allegedly took place approximately a year prior to this arrest.

References

  1. Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs), United States Department of Statemarker
  2. The evolution of Islamic Terrorism: an overview, Frontline


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