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James Patrick Hogan (born 27 June 1941) is a Britishmarker science fiction author.


Hogan was born in Londonmarker, Englandmarker. He was raised in the Portobello Roadmarker area on the west side of London. After leaving school at the age of sixteen, he worked various odd jobs until, after receiving a scholarship, he began a five-year program at the Royal Aircraft Establishmentmarker at Farnboroughmarker covering the practical and theoretical sides of electrical, electronic, and mechanical engineering. He first married at the age of twenty, and he has had three other subsequent marriages and fathered six children.

Hogan worked as a design engineer for several companies and eventually moved into sales in the 1960s, travelling around Europe as a sales engineer for Honeywell. In the 1970s he joined the Digital Equipment Corporation's Laboratory Data Processing Group and in 1977 moved to Bostonmarker, Massachusettsmarker to run its sales training program. He published his first novel, Inherit the Stars, in the same year to win an office bet. He quit DEC in 1979 and began writing full time, moving to Orlandomarker, Floridamarker, for a year where he met his third wife Jackie. They then moved to Sonoramarker, Californiamarker.


Hogan's style of science fiction is usually hard science fiction. In his earlier works he conveyed a sense of what science and scientists were about. His philosophical view on how science should be done comes through in many of his novels; theories should be formulated based on empirical research, not the other way around. If a theory does not match the facts, it is theory that should be discarded, not the facts. This is very evident in the Giants series, which begins with the discovery of a 50,000 year-old human body on the Moon. This discovery leads to a series of investigations, and as facts are discovered, theories on how the astronaut's body arrived on the Moon 50,000 years ago are elaborated, discarded, and replaced.

Hogan's fiction also reflects anti-authoritarian social views. Many of his novels have strong anarchist or libertarian themes, often promoting the idea that new technological advances render certain social conventions obsolete. For example, the effectively limitless availability of energy that would result from the development of controlled nuclear fusion would make it unnecessary to limit access to energy resources. In essence, energy would become free. This melding of scientific and social speculation is clearly present in the novel Voyage from Yesteryear (strongly influenced by Eric Frank Russell's famous story "And Then There Were None"), which describes the contact between a high-tech anarchist society on a planet in the Alpha Centauri system, with a starship sent from Earth by a dictatorial government. The story uses many elements of civil disobedience.

His novels include:
  • Inherit the Stars - May 1977 (1st book in Giants series)
  • The Genesis Machine - April 1978
  • The Gentle Giants of Ganymede - May 1978 (2nd book in Giants series)
  • The Two Faces of Tomorrow - June 1979
  • Thrice Upon a Time - March 1980
  • Giants' Star - July 1981 (3rd book in Giants series)
  • Voyage from Yesteryear - July 1982
  • The Minervan Experiment - November 1982 (an omnibus edition of the first three books of the Giants series)
  • Code of the Lifemaker - June 1983 (exploring ideas of a Clanking replicator robotic system)
  • The Proteus Operation - October 1985
  • Endgame Enigma - August 1987
  • The Mirror Maze - March 1989
  • The Infinity Gambit - March 1991
  • Entoverse - October 1991 (4th book in Giants series)
  • The Multiplex Man - December 1992
  • Out of Time 1993 (novella)
  • The Immortality Option - February 1995 (sequel to Code of the Lifemaker)
  • Realtime Interrupt - March 1995
  • Paths to Otherwhere - February 1996
  • Bug Park - April 1997
  • Star Child - June 1998
  • Outward Bound - March 1999 (A Jupiter Novel)
  • Cradle of Saturn - June 1999
  • The Legend that was Earth - October 2000
  • Martian Knightlife - October 2001
  • The Anguished Dawn - June 2003 (sequel to "Cradle of Saturn")
  • Mission to Minerva - May 2005 (5th Book in the Giants series)
  • Echoes of an Alien Sky - February 2007
  • Moon Flower - April 2008

Short story collections include:
  • Minds, Machines & Evolution - 1988 (republished by Baen, December 1999)
  • Rockets, Redheads & Revolution - April 1999 (short stories and essays)
  • Catastrophes, Chaos & Convolutions (title as published; was to be Catastrophes, Creation & Convolutions) - December 2005 (short stories and essays)

Non-fiction science writings
  • Mind Matters - Exploring the World of Artificial Intelligence - March 1997
  • Kicking the Sacred Cow - July 2004


In recent years, Hogan's views have tended towards those widely considered "fringe" or pseudoscientific. He is a serious proponent of Immanuel Velikovsky's version of catastrophism, and of the theory that AIDS is caused by pharmaceutical use rather than HIV (see AIDS denialism). He has stated that he finds basic evidence of evolution's being random to be lacking - or to disprove the theory outright, though he doesn't propose theistic creationism as an alternative. Hogan is also skeptical of the alleged scientific consensus on global warming and ozone depletion.

Hogan has also espoused the idea that the Holocaust didn't happen in the manner described by mainstream historians, writing that he finds the work of Arthur Butz and Mark Weber to be "more scholarly, scientific, and convincing than what the history written by the victors says." While such theories are seen by many to contradict his views on scientific rationality, he has repeatedly stated that these theories hold his attention due to the high quality of their presentation - a quality he believes established sources should attempt to emulate, but have instead resorted to attacking their originators. As such, they are consistent with the view that scientific theories should not be accepted simply because they are widely held (see, for instance, argument from authority).


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