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James Scott Negley (December 26, 1826 – August 7, 1901) was an American Civil War General, farmer, railroader, and U.S. Representative from the state of Pennsylvaniamarker. He played a key role in the Union victory at the Battle of Murfreesboromarker.


He was born in Pittsburghmarker, Pennsylvaniamarker, was educated in public schools, and graduated from the Western University of Pennsylvaniamarker (now called the University of Pittsburghmarker). He served in a volunteer regiment, Company K of the Duquesne Greys, 1st Pennsylvania Volunteers, during the Mexican-American War. After the war, he became a farmer and horticulturist.

On April 19, 1861 Negley was appointed brigadier general in the Pennsylvania Militia.Negley raised a brigade of Pennsylvania volunteers and was serving under Robert Patterson in the Shenandoah Valleymarker in 1861. His appointment as brigadier general expired on July 20 but he was reappointed brigadier general in the volunteer army on October 1, 1861. In October, he was placed in command of the 7th Brigade in the Department of the Ohio. He commanded the Union expedition against Chattanooga during the Confederate Heartland Offensive. The expedition proved to be a successful demonstration on the Union Army's ability to strike deep into the heart of Confederate held territory.

On November 29, 1862, he was appointed major general of volunteers and took command of the 8th Division in the Army of the Ohio. His division became the 2nd Division in George H. Thomas' Center Wing of the XIV Corps during the battle of Stone's Rivermarker. On the second day of fighting, he led a successful counterattack against John C. Breckinridge on the Union left flank. He commanded his division during the Tullahoma Campaignmarker and the Battle of Chickamaugamarker. After the defeat at Chickamauga, Negley was relieved of command, but was acquitted of any wrongdoing during the battle. When Ulysses S. Grant became general-in-chief in 1864 he discussed restoring Negley to command. However, after serving on several administrative boards, Negley resigned in January 1865.

After the war, Negley was elected as a Republican to the United States Congress in 1869. He served on the board of managers of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers from 1874–78. He was re-elected to Congress and served until 1887. After retiring from politics, he was engaged in railroading. Negley died in Plainfield, New Jerseymarker, aged 74. He is buried in Pittsburgh's Allegheny Cemeterymarker.

See also



  1. Grant p.368


  • Retrieved on 2008-11-05

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