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Jammu (Dogri: जम्मू, Urdu: جموں) is the largest city in the Jammu region and the winter capital of the state of Jammu and Kashmirmarker, Indiamarker. It is a municipal corporation.

Geography

Jammu is located at . It has an average elevation of . Jammu city is located between 74 degree 24' and 75 degree 18', East longitude and 32 degree 50' and 33 degree 30' North latitude. It is approximately 600 km away from the national capital, New Delhimarker and is linked with a National Highway, railway and airport. The airport is situated at Satwarimarker.

History

Jammu has historically been the capital of Jammu Province and the winter capital of the erstwhile Kashmir State. There was a railway line that connected Jammu with Sialkotmarker in Punjabmarker a distance of 27 miles. In 2000 to the consternation of many the railway station was demolished to make way for an art centre.

Climate

Jammu, like the rest of north-western India has a continental climate, with summer highs reaching , and temperatures in the winter months regularly falling below freezing. June is the hottest month with average highs of , while January is the coldest month with average lows reaching . Average yearly precipitation is about with the bulk of the rainfall in the months from June to October, although the winters can also be rather wet.

Transport

Railways

Jammu city has a station called Jammu tawi which is very well connected with the major cities of India such as New Delhimarker, Mumbaimarker, Kolkatamarker, Chennaimarker, Hyderabad, Bangaloremarker, Punemarker, Ahemedabadmarker, Indoremarker, Bhopalmarker, Gwaliormarker, Jabalpurmarker, Jaipurmarker, Patnamarker, Lucknowmarker, Varanasimarker, Gorakhpurmarker, Dehradunmarker, Chandigarhmarker, Amritsarmarker and Guwahatimarker by rail. It is an origination point for many Popular Express trains such as the Indore Junction BG (Indoremarker) bound Malwa Express, Chennaimarker bound Andaman Express, Maduraimarker bound Himsagar Express, Ahemedabadmarker bound Swaraj Express and so on. The Important trains originating through the station includes :

Roadways

road and air, making it far better connected than the rest of the state.


Airways

Jammu also has direct flights to Srinagar, Delhi, Chandigarh, Leh and Mumbai.

Local Transport

The Kashmir Railway is being constructed to connect Jammu and the national rail network to the north of the state.

Administration

Jammu city serves as the winter capital of Jammu & Kashmirmarker state from November to April when all the offices move from Srinagarmarker to Jammu. Srinagar serves as the summer capital from May to October. Jammu was a municipal committee during 2001 census of India. With effect from 5 September 2003, it has upgraded status of a municipal corporation.

Demographics

 India census, Jammu had a population of 378,431. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Jammu has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 64.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 74%. In Jammu, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.


References

  1. Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Jammu
  2. Jammu Town - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. 49.
  3. Govt thinks of art, so a pre-Partition heritage must die






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