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Jarosław Kaczyński ( ; born June 18, 1949) is a conservative Polish politician who was Prime Minister from July 2006 to November 2007. He presently is the chairman of the Law and Justice party, which he co-founded in 2002. He has a Doctor of law degree. He is also the identical twin brother of Polish president Lech Kaczyński.After the 2007 electoral defeat of PiS Kaczyński stepped down from office as Prime Minister, after the first meeting of the new Sejm.

Early career

Jarosław Kaczyński was a member of the Solidarity Trade Union in the 1980s. He was the executive editor of Tygodnik Solidarność weekly in 1989-1991. In 1991, he created the centrist Christian Democratic "Porozumienie Centrum" party, and later on he became its chairman (until 1998). During 1991-1993 and 1997-2005 he was a member of the Polish Parliament (Sejm).

Elections, 2005

Jaroslaw Kaczyński and George W.
Jarosław Kaczyński was the "Law and Justice" prime minister candidate in the September 2005 Polish parliamentary election. However, when the party emerged as winner of the election, Jarosław pledged that he would not take the position, expecting that his nomination would reduce the chances of his brother Lech Kaczynski, who was a candidate for the October presidential election.

Jarosław Kaczyński was the architect of the coalition with the left wing populist "Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland" ( ) and the deeply conservative Christian "League of Polish Families" party. Party-member Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz was appointed Prime Minister.

In the succeeding months, he was described as a frontbench MP and the leader of his party. Many also described Kaczyński as Poland's most influential politician. He was said to have enormous influence on the Prime Minister's decision-making process.

Prime Minister

Following reports of a rift between Marcinkiewicz and Jarosław Kaczyński, Marcinkiewicz tendered his resignation on July 7 2006 and Jarosław was appointed Prime Minister by the President Lech Kaczyński on July 10 and officially sworn in on July 14, following the formation of cabinet and a confidence vote in the Sejm.
During Lech Kaczynski's election campaign in 2005, he had pledged that should he win, Jaroslaw would not become Prime Minister.

Electoral defeat, 2007

Even though Law and Justice gained votes, overall it lost the parliamentary election on October 21, 2007, finishing a distant second behind Christian-democratic, and conservative liberal, Civic Platform. Kaczyński has lost his position as prime minister and has become a leader of the opposition.

Private life

Jarosław Kaczyński is the identical twin brother of Lech Kaczyński, the President of Poland. Jarosław and Lech were born in Warsawmarker, Jaroslaw 45 minutes before Lech. The Kaczyński brothers are sons of Rajmund (an engineer who served as a soldier of the Armia Krajowa in World War II and a veteran of the Warsaw Uprising) and Jadwiga (a philologist at the Polish Academy of Sciences).

As a child, Jaroslaw Kaczynski with his twin brother Lech Kaczynski (current president of ther Polish Republic) starred in the 1962 Polish film The Two Who Stole the Moon ( ), based on a popular children's story by Kornel Makuszyński..

On August 19, 2007 The Sunday Times reported:

Poland’s leading national newspaper, Rzeczpospolita, leaked documents from the files of the former Soviet secret service indicating that Jaroslaw had been investigated for homosexual orientation under the communists. Lech Walesa, who has fallen out with the duo, is much quoted as saying: “When I used to see them both, Lech would turn up with his wife, and Jaroslaw would turn up with his husband.”

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