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Jason Peter Todd is a fictional character appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. Jason Todd first appeared in Batman #357 (1983) and became the second Robin, sidekick to the superhero Batman, when the previous Robin Dick Grayson went on to star in The New Teen Titans under the moniker of Nightwing.

Though initially popular, following a revamping of his origin by Max Allan Collins, the Jason Todd version of Robin was not well-received by fans. For 1988's Batman: A Death in the Family storyline, DC Comics held a telephone poll to determine whether or not the character would die at the hands of the Joker, Batman's arch nemesis. The character was killed off by a vote of 5343-5271. Subsequent Batman stories dealt with Batman's guilt over not being able to prevent Jason's death. However, in 2004 the character was resurrected, eventually becoming the second Red Hood and assuming a new role as an antihero who resembles Batman in many ways, except with a willingness to use lethal force and weapons. During DC's weekly Countdown to Final Crisis series, Jason Todd assumes the identity of Red Robin, though he casts the costume into a dumpster by the end of the series. That mantle would later be taken up by his successor, Tim Drake. Todd tried to usurp the mantle of Batman, but seemingly dropped to his death while fighting Grayson. Todd resurfaced, taking up his identity of Red Hood once again.

Publication history

By the time Len Wein took over as editor of DC Comics' Batman titles in 1982, the original Robin, Dick Grayson, had largely moved on to starring as the leader of the young superhero team the Teen Titans in DC's New Teen Titans title. However, with the character no longer featured in Batman comics, the disadvantages of telling Batman stories without the character to act as a sounding board for the protagonist became apparent. Jason Todd was created as Dick Grayson's replacement as Robin. Jason Todd debuted in Detective Comics #524 (March 1983), but the character did not appear in costume as Robin until Detective Comics #526 (May 1983).

Following the 1985 limited series Crisis on Infinite Earths, DC took the opportunity to reboot many of its properties. Jason Todd's character was completely revamped and the new version of the character was not well-received by fans. Dennis O'Neil, who took over as Batman editor in 1986, said, "They did hate him. I don't know if it was fan craziness--maybe they saw him as usurping Dick Grayson's position. Some of the mail response indicated that this was at least on some people's minds."

"A Death in the Family"

Interior art of Batman #428 (1988).
A Death in the Family.
Art by Jim Aparo.
In 1988, Dennis O'Neil suggested that an audience might be attracted to the comics by being afforded the opportunity to influence the creative process. Settling on the idea of telephone poll via a 1-900 number, O'Neil had decided due to discussions with DC Comics president Jenette Kahn that the poll should not be wasted on something insignificant. O'Neil settled on using the poll to determine the fate of Jason Todd. O'Neil said, "The logical candidate was Jason because we had reason to believe that he wasn't that popular anyway. It was a big enough stunt that we couldn't do it with a minor character." Even though Jason Todd was unpopular with readers, O'Neil could not decide what to do with the character, so he opted to present the choice to the readership.

The vote was set up in the four-part story "A Death in the Family" that was published in Batman #426-429 in 1988. At the end of Batman #427, Jason Todd was beaten by the Joker and left to die in an explosion. The inside back cover of the issue listed two 1-900 numbers that readers could call to vote for the character's death or survival. Within the 36 hour period alloted for voting, the poll received 10,614 votes. The verdict in favor of the character's death won by a slim margin of 5,343 votes to 5,271. The following issue of Batman, issue 428, was published featuring Jason Todd's death. Despite the poll results, O'Neil noted, "We did the deed, and we got a blast of hate mail and a blast of negative commentary in the press." A few comics creators voiced their displeasure at the event. Writer/artist Frank Miller, who had worked on Batman: The Dark Knight Returns and Batman: Year One, said, "To me the whole killing of Robin thing was probably the ugliest thing I've seen in comics, and the most cynical." However, DC stood behind the outcome of the poll. O'Neil was quoted on the back cover of A Death in the Family trade paperback collecting the story with Todd's death as saying, "It would be a really sleazy stunt to bring him back." However, O'Neil would later regret his comment.

There was a degree of static between the Batman and Detective titles with regards to the portrayal of Jason Todd. A great deal of adventures occurred post-crisis which fit with the circus acrobat era and in some cases ran simaltaneously in 'Tec as the street kid origin was being laid out in Batman. This led to a blackout of almost any Robin appearances in Detetective. This became especially apparent after his death. Eleven months passed between Jason's death in Batman #428 and the first mention of his passing in the Detective title, issue #606.

"Hush" and reintroduction

Jason Todd as Red Hood, from Batman Annual #25; art by Shane Davis.
Prior to the release of Batman #617 (cover dated September 2003), a page of art from the issue by artist Jim Lee circulated the Internet, apparently revealing the mystery villain Hush, who was the focus of Lee and writer Jeph Loeb's "Hush" storyline, as a resurrected Jason Todd. The following month's Batman #618 (October 2003) revealed that the appearance of Todd was in fact a ruse by the villain Clayface under the direction of the Riddler and Hush. Loeb explained, "I always liked Jason, liked the idea that Batman had a Robin who died in the line of duty and how that would motivate anyone to continue their quest. It would also be the most recent, most painful thing he had to endure. That's why Hush played the card -- to get inside Batman's head . . . But 'Hush' wasn't about Jason -- Jason was a pawn to be moved around the table . . . If someone else wanted to tell another Jason story or bring him back and we at least opened the door, that's great!"

In 2005, writer Judd Winick began the Under the Hood storyline that revolved around the mystery of the identity of the new Red Hood. The character's identity was revealed as Jason Todd in Batman #638. Winick explained that after his initial arc on the Batman title, he suggested doing "something big" to his editors. Specifically, he wanted to bring Jason Todd back from the dead. Winick said, "What it finally came down to – beyond the argument, which will be a reader argument about should any character return from the dead, and should this character come back from the dead? – was that I was less interested in the how and the why and the what of Jason Todd returning from the dead than I am about what Jason’s return will do to Batman. Now." The explanation for the character's return was revealed in Batman Annual #25 (2006). After a storyline in Nightwing as part of the One Year Later event where Todd took the mantle of Nightwing for himself, the character reappeared in his Red Hood persona as one of the focal characters of DC's year-long weekly Countdown series starting in May 2007.

"Battle for the Cowl"

In the Batman R.I.P. follow-up storyline Batman: Battle for the Cowl, Todd is featured as a gun-wielding vigilante. Commenting on the direction and utilization of Jason Todd in the storyline, writer and artist Tony Daniel has stated that, from this point on, Jason is a "bona fide" villain:

Jason, wearing an outfit similar to that of Batman and Deadshot, battles the Batman Family one by one until he is defeated by Nightwing, who then takes up the mantle of Batman. However, before falling from a train into a dark abyss, he gives an ominous warning that he will be seen again.

Fictional character biography

Pre-Crisis on Infinite Earths

The initial version of Jason "Jay" Todd from before Crisis on Infinite Earths had an origin that was "shamelessly reminiscent" of the 1940 origin of the first Robin, Dick Grayson. Originally, like Grayson, Jason is the son of circus acrobats, John and Trina Todd, killed by a criminal (Killer Croc) and is later adopted by Bruce Wayne. Distinguished by strawberry blond hair (as opposed to the black hair of Dick Grayson), Todd is unfailingly cheerful, wearing his circus costume to fight crime until Dick Grayson presents him with a Robin costume of his own. At that point, Jason dyes his hair black, and in later stories blossoms under Batman's tutelage. For a time Natalia Knight, the criminal also known as Nocturna, Mistress of the Night is a stabilizing influence in his life; she becomes his surrogate mother and even adopts a young Jason Todd. Catwoman would be a frequent guest star during this era as she wrestled with the role of hero and as a love interest for Batman which led to clashes with Jason feeling the odd-man-out. Jason was also shot by the Mad Hatter 4 times in Detective #574 but he quickly recovered.Todd also tackled th drug problem in his school, hauling in the local pushers who were muscled up with Two-Face. There was also an ongoing plot with Jason having a girlfriend named Rena. One of the more memorable moments of this era occurred in Detective Comics #569 when Batman forbid Jason from using "Holy!" puns.

Post-Crisis on Infinite Earths

Origin

Cover to Batman #408 (June 1987).
Depicting the first Post-Crisis meeting of Batman and Jason Todd.
Following the revamp of the Batman mythos due to Crisis on Infinite Earths, Jason Todd is recast as a young street orphan who first encounters the Dark Knight while attempting to steal the tires off the Batmobile. Bruce Wayne sees to it that Jason is placed in a school for troubled youths. Jason earns the mantle of Robin a short while later by helping Batman apprehend a gang of thieves. However, Todd does not wear the Robin costume (an improved version of the classic) until after six months of training. Batman realizes that while Jason doesn't possess Dick Grayson's natural athleticism & acrobatic skills, he can become a productive crimefighter by channeling his rage. He also believes that if he doesn't help the boy, Jason will eventually become part of the "criminal element." Jason also aided Batman while Gotham City was temporarily overrun by Deacon Blackfire as shown in Batman: The Cult.

In the revamp period, Jason is portrayed as the rebel Robin. He smokes, swears, and fights authority. He is prone to defying Batman's orders, sometimes to success (bringing in Scarecrow singlehandedly) and sometimes failure (botching a raid on a drug lab by jumping the gun too soon). His encounter with Two-Face initially started with the boy's hands around the villain's neck after discovering he murdered Jason's father. Eventually Dent was brought in to Commissioner Gordon.

The most controversial moment prior to his death occurred in Batman #424. It involved a serial rapist named Felipe Garzonas, who escapes prosecution due his father's diplomatic immunity. One of his victims, a girl named Gloria, hangs herself amid the threat of a third rape from Felipe. Jason discovers her hanging and makes a B-line for Felipe, ahead of Batman, who arrives just in time to see Felipe take a 22 story fall to his death, with Jason at the edge of the Balcony. Jason maintains "I guess I spooked him. He slipped". This highlights an earlier exchange in Batman #422 where Jason uses excessive force on a pimp about to slash one of his working girls. Jason asks Batman if it "would've been such a big loss if I had (killed him)?"

In Batman #425, the Dynamic Duo is challenged by Felipe's father when he kidnaps Commissioner Gordon in retaliation for his son's death. Batman is instructed to meet the kidnappers at a city junkyard and to bring Robin. Batman does not wish to involve Jason and keeps this information from him. However, Jason senses something is wrong and hides in the Batmobile's trunk as Batman heads to the junkyard. Batman is actually in a tight spot unable to reach Gordon, surrounded by Garzonas' men. Jason then joins the fight, saving Batman from a close call. Machine gunfire breaks out and Gordon is wounded in the arm. All of the henchmen die, and Garzonas is finally crushed by a pile of junk cars. Batman speaks to Jason of consequences to actions while the boy stares at the dead and the wounded Gordon. Jason then walks off.

It is never known, however, if Felipe fell to his death or was pushed by Jason.

Death

Interior art of Batman #428 (1988).
The Joker beats Jason Todd with a crowbar.
Art by Jim Aparo.


In 1988's "A Death in the Family" storyline, Jason discovers his mother was not his biological mother, and runs away to find the woman who gave birth to him. After following a number of leads, including an Israeli Mossad agent and Sandra Woo-San, Jason finally tracks his mother, Sheila, to Ethiopiamarker, where she works as an aid worker. While Jason is overjoyed to be reunited with his real mother, he soon discovers that she is being blackmailed by the Joker, who is using her to provide him with medical supplies. Sheila herself has been embezzling from the aid agency and as part of the cover-up, she hands her own son, who arrives as Robin, over to the Joker. The Joker beats the boy brutally with a crowbar, and then leaves him and Sheila in the warehouse with a time bomb. Sheila and Robin try desperately to get out of the warehouse but are still inside as the bomb goes off. Batman arrives too late to save them and is only able to hold Jason's lifeless body in his arms. Sheila lives just long enough to tell Batman that Jason died trying to protect her. The bodies are taken back to Gotham City for burial. For the next decade's worth of stories, Jason's death haunts Batman, who keeps Jason's costume on display in the Batcave. Batman considers this his greatest failure: not properly training Jason in his role as Robin and failing to protect him from the Joker.

Return from the grave

Interior art of Batman #617 (2003).
The apparent return of Jason Todd.
Art by Jim Lee.
Years later, while trying to discover the identity of a mysterious figure plotting against him (which turns out to be Hush), Batman discovers that Robin (Tim Drake) has been kidnapped. When he confronts the kidnapper, he discovers much to his surprise that the kidnapper is apparently an adult Jason Todd, standing at his own desecrated gravesite. Batman subdues this mystery "Jason" and discovers that it is only Clayface impersonating Jason. However, Jason's body is still missing.

It is later revealed that Jason had indeed died at the hands of the Joker. However, when Superboy-Prime alters reality from the paradise dimension in which he is trapped, Jason is restored to life, six months after his death. He breaks out of his coffin, but collapses thereafter and is hospitalized. After spending a year in a coma and subsequently as an amnesiac vagrant, he is recognized by Talia al Ghul, who restores his health and memory by immersing him in a Lazarus Pit in which her father is also bathing. It is suggested at that time that exposure to the Pit's energies together with al Ghul might have affected Jason's personality. On Talia's advice, Jason determines his death was never avenged, and prepares to confront Batman by traveling across the globe in the same path of trainings as his mentor.

Batman Annual #25 retcon the battle between Batman and Clayface. In this version, Jason Todd has entered into a pact with Hush and the Riddler; he initially confronts Batman, then switches places with Clayface in order to observe Batman from afar. When Batman expresses no remorse for sparing the Joker's life after Jason was killed, Jason is further angered and takes up the mantle of the Red Hood.

Red Hood

Shortly after the events of "War Games" and just before "War Crimes," Jason Todd reappears in Gotham City as the Red Hood, an alias once used by his murderer the Joker. He hijacks a shipment of Kryptonite from Black Mask, and in the midst of a battle with Batman, Nightwing, and Mr. Freeze, the Red Hood gives them the Kryptonite back, and tells them he has gotten what he truly wanted: a "lay of the land." Shortly afterward, the Red Hood finds the Joker (driven out of Gotham by Hush) and beats him with a crowbar just as the Joker had beaten Jason. Despite the violence of the beating, Jason spares the Joker, intending to use him later against Batman.

The Red Hood assumes control over several gangs in Gotham City and starts a one-man-war against Black Mask's criminal empire. Overall, he strives to take over Gotham's gangs, stop some of their illegal actions (such as dealing drugs to minors), and to kill the Joker in revenge for his own death. Because of his activities, he repeatedly comes to blows with Batman and several of his allies. A Robin mask was found in the Batmobile, which never belonged to Dick or Tim, but was of the style that Jason wore as Robin, suggesting that he'd been stalking Batman. After their encounter in the cemetery, Batman increasingly became obsessive with the possibility of resurrection from the dead, and asked his allies such as Superman and Green Arrow, both of whom have died and returned to life, implying the Dark Knight knew that it was really Jason at the gravesite before he reveals himself to his former mentor in an alley. Around this time, Batman discovers that Jason's coffin has always been empty, and he begins to question whether or not Jason had actually died. Despite his return, Jason's Robin costume remains in its memorial display case in the Batcave; when Alfred asked if Bruce wanted the costume removed, Bruce replied that the return of Jason "doesn't change anything at all."

Knowing that Tim Drake has not only replaced him as Robin, but is reportedly a better Robin than he had been, Jason breaks into Titans Tower to confront Tim. Wearing an altered version of his own Robin costume, Jason quickly immobilizes the other Titans and strikes Tim down in the Tower's Hall of Fallen Titans. Furious that no memorial statue was made for him (despite his short tenure as a Titan), Jason demands that Tim tell him if he is really as good as Jason has been told. Tim says "Yes" and passes out. As he leaves, Jason tears the 'R' emblem from Tim's chest. In the Epilogue, Jason has apparently developed a grudging respect for his replacement as he states, "I'll admit. He's good". Jason is also left wondering if perhaps he would have been a better Robin and better person had he a life like Tim's and friends like the Titans.

Jason's return crescendos when he kidnaps the Joker and holds him hostage, luring Batman to Crime Alley, the site of their first meeting. Despite their now-antagonistic relationship, Batman also desperately wants to help Jason along with stopping him, and intends to atone for his own failures. Jason asks Batman why he has not avenged his death by killing the Joker, and Batman tells Jason that he will never cross that line. An enraged Jason explains that Joker deserves it, because he has done evil in the past and, according to Jason, is "doing it because he took me away from you". Despite this, Batman explains that it is not too hard for him to kill the Joker, it would be too easy; he has never once not fantasized about taking the Joker somewhere private and torturing him for maybe weeks before finally killing him, but refuses to go to that place. Jason offers Batman an ultimatum: Jason will kill the Joker unless Batman kills Jason first. Holding the Joker at gunpoint, Jason throws a pistol to Batman and begins to count to three while standing behind the Joker, leaving Batman with only a headshot if he wants to stop Jason pulling the trigger. At the last moment, Batman throws a batarang which ricochets off a pipe behind Jason and hits him in the throat, causing him to drop his gun. The Joker takes advantage of the situation, detonating nearby explosives that engulf the platform they are on and send them plunging into the bay.

Nightwing

Jason Todd as Nightwing (2006).
Pencils by Joe Dodd.
Jason resurfaces following the "One Year Later" shift in Nightwing, patrolling the streets of New York Citymarker as a murderous version of Nightwing. Jason shows no intention of giving up the Nightwing persona, and continues to taunt Dick Grayson by wearing the costume and suggesting that the two become a team. Grayson refuses to join his side based on his methods of crimefighting. Not long after the two Nightwings meet up, Jason is captured and imprisoned by unknown mobsters. Rescued by a reluctant Grayson, the two join forces to defeat the Pierce brothers. Jason leaves New York City and the Nightwing mantle to Grayson, along with a telegram telling Grayson he has returned to normal and still considers them family.

Red Hood again

Jason Todd resumes his persona as the Red Hood and appears in several issues of "Green Arrow" alongside Brick as part of a gun-running organization, which brings Batman to Star City. Jason's true motives are shown in the third part as he kidnaps Speedy in an effort to dissolve her partnership with Green Arrow, feeling that they are kindred spirits, cast down by society and at odds with their mentors. The two fight while Jason discusses the insanity of heroes for placing child sidekicks in danger. Mia is deeply troubled by what transpired between her and Jason, but ultimately decides to stick with Green Arrow.

At the start of Countdown, Jason rescues a woman from Duela Dent (a.k.a. Joker's Daughter). After a Monitor shoots and kills Duela, he attempts to kill Jason, but is stopped by a second Monitor. This second Monitor apologizes to Jason before they both disappear, leaving Jason alone with Duela's body. Later, at Duela's funeral, Jason hides until all of the Teen Titans have left except Donna Troy. Jason tells her what happened the night of Duela's death, and about the dueling Monitors. He knows that both he and Donna Troy have come back from the dead, even already deducing that his resurrection has something do with Alexander Luthor, Jr.'s plots during Infinite Crisis, and wonders which of them is next on the Monitor's hit list. The two are then attacked by the Forerunner, but before she can kill them, the apologetic Monitor stops her, and recruits Jason and Donna for a mission to the Palmerverse (a section of the Nanoverse discovered by Ray Palmer), in an attempt to find Palmer. During the trip, Jason takes it upon himself to name the Monitor "Bob". Jason seems to have a romantic interest in Donna, and is shown to be visibly disgruntled when her old boyfriend, Kyle Rayner, joins their group as they take their tour to the 52 Earths which comprise the Multiverse.

Red Robin

Jason Todd in the Red Robin costume
A teaser image released to promote Countdown showed a figure resembling Red Robin among assembled heroes in poses symbolic of their roles in the series. After a series of contradictory statements about this figure, executive editor Dan DiDio firmly stated in the July 2007 DC Nation column that the figure is Jason Todd. The Red Robin costume, originally designed by Alex Ross for the 1996 Kingdom Come limited series and worn by the Earth-51 Dick Grayson, is seen in Countdown to Final Crisis #16 in the Earth-51 Batman's base of operations. In issue #14, Jason dons the Red Robin suit and goes into battle alongside Earth-51's Batman. During a battle with a group of Monarch's soldiers, Earth-51 Batman is killed by the Ultraman of Earth-3, deeply affecting Jason. In his grief, Jason kills an alternate version of the Joker, also involved in Batman's killing, who then mocks his loss, vacating alongside Donna, Ray, and Kyle to the planet Apokolips before Earth-51's destruction. After the group is sent back to Earth, Jason leaves the group and returns to his crimefighting ways. When the Morticoccus virus is released from Karate Kid's body, Jason is forcibly brought back to the group by Kyle, much to his dismay. When the Challengers return to New Earth, Jason disposes of his Red Robin costume and abandons the rest of the group, though they go on to declare to the Monitors that they are now the monitors of the Monitors. Jason and Tim Drake are confronted by another Red Robin in Robin #177, whose identity is initially a mystery but later turns out to be Ulysses Armstrong. Due to a combination of Red Robin's involvement and a gun-toting gang member, Jason was shot in the leg and arrested by police. Upon the resolution of the gang war in Gotham, Tim Drake under a pseudonym visited Jason in prison to give him the Justice League access code to release himself from prison. Following his escape, Jason continues on the mend, and is summoned by Tim to come to the Batcave, where Batman has left a Last Will and Testament statement for him. After hearing the statement in private, Jason prepares to leave, not revealing what he was told, although he does pause before his old costume and the tattered remains of Batman's.

It is later revealed in Battle for the Cowl, that Bruce's last words to Jason were of regret at how Bruce had obviously overlooked Jason's deep emotional problems, and how it was a mistake to ever make him Robin. Bruce's message goes on to plead that Jason get psychological help. Jason rejects the notion.

Batman

Jason Todd dressed as Batman in Battle For The Cowl.
Jason reappeared in the "Battle for the Cowl" series. He is seen wearing a black and grey batsuit with two handguns, various other weapons, and a mouth-plate. He is also living/operating out of an abandoned Gotham subway system. His inner monologue demonstrated that he'd always had a desire to eventually replace Batman, and his displeasure with Batman becoming a public figure, rather than an urban legend.

After stabbing Tim Drake in the chest with a batarang, he and Dick Grayson battle down in the subway. Nightwing still wants to save Jason but instead of doing so Jason fell into a river beneath the subway. This allowed Grayson to officially take up the mantle of Batman.

Red Hood and Scarlet

In the second story arc of Batman and Robin by Grant Morrison and Philip Tan, Jason retakes the mantle of the Red Hood after losing his bid to become the new Batman to Dick Grayson. With the goal of making the very concept of Batman obsolete, he puts a lot of effort into public relations: he drastically alters his Red Hood costume to look more like a traditional superhero outfit, recruits his own sidekick known as Scarlet, and uses Twitter to report on his crime-fighting activities. In their war on crime Red Hood and Scarlet freely kill criminals, villains, and anyone who gets in his way, even the police. After all his killings he leaves behind a calling card which states "let the punishment fit the crime." He describes his vendetta against Dick Grayson as "the revenge of one crazy man in a mask on another crazy man in a mask."

Jason has reappeared with thinning red hair, claiming that he is a natural red-head and that Bruce had him dye his hair black in order to look like Dick Grayson, as in his pre-Crisis origins. He also claims the white streak of hair that he got is from being resurrected in the Lazarus Pit though the white streak disappears again in Batman & Robin 6. In Batman and Robin #6 during the fight between Batman, Robin, and the Flamingo, Jason kills the Flamingo by burying him in debris. He is arrested by Gordon and Scarlet had fled the fight earlier, losing her mask as she left Gotham, saying, Scarlet was gone for good.

Skills and abilities

In his training to become Robin, Batman instructed Jason Todd in acrobatics and martial arts. By matching his former mentor in combat, he has proven that he is physically superior to most Olympic athletes, just like Batman. His reflexes, stamina, and endurance are roughly comparable to that of Dick Grayson.

After his return, Todd expands on his training by learning from people of the same caliber as those who trained his ex-mentor, Batman. Through Talia al Ghul, who secretly purchased enough shares to own Kord Industries along as LexCorp's former CEO, Jason has access to high-level civilian and military-grade weaponry, including firearms, explosive, rocket launchers, and advanced computer equipment and gadgetry. However, his dagger (which resembles a kris) still remains as his preferred weapon of choice for hand-to-hand combat. He also has some lethally-sharped blades resembling Batman's batarangs as throwing weapons. Although Jason does not possess the wealth of Bruce Wayne, his arsenal is nearly on a par with Batman's technology.

Having been trained by Batman in investigation, it is arguable that Jason's detective skills rivals Bruce Wayne, Dick Grayson, and Tim Drake. During the Under the Hood arc he was able to locate the Joker after the Clown Prince of Crime went into hiding after suffering a brutal beating from Hush. Todd was even able to deduce his own resurrection had something to do with Alexander Luthor, Jr.'s plots before Luthor's death during the beginning of Countdown, while the Bat-family still don't know how Jason returned except Grayson's ally and friend Donna Troy.

In other media

Jason Todd was featured in Batman: The Lazarus Syndrome (1989). He was voiced by Alan Marriott.

Jason Todd's cameo in the Teen Titans animated series.
Tim Drake from The New Batman Adventures is depicted as a hybrid of these two characters' comic versions, with a background almost identical to the Post-Crisis Jason's. Tim Drake's father was killed by Two-Face and he turned to theft to keep from starvation. Tim is often far more responsive to Bruce's orders and showed he adhered to the code Batman established; in the episode "Never Fear", he stopped Batman from killing a thug after a shock interrogation, a move that mirrors the comic story where Jason let a thug fall to his death. In one case, Tim's personality was similar to Jason's impulsiveness; in the episode "Growing Pains", he didn't take Batman's orders and came close to crossing Batman's "no killing" rule after he found out that Clayface had "killed" his friend Annie (who turned out to be a part of Clayface with her own identity and emotions). However, in that case Tim acted out of despair while Jason acted in his belief in the criminal mind.

The Teen Titans animated series actually depicts the character onscreen. Beast Boy, in the episode "X", asserts that the person behind the mask of Robin's one-time persona Red X is a robotic monkey, but does so with the aid of a diagram illustrating numerous different possible identities, including Jason Todd.

The second episode of the short-lived Birds of Prey television series, "Slick", mentions Todd in passing. While explaining the idea of their responsibilities to Helena Kyle, Barbara Gordon is asked to remember how she learned to be a crime fighter: "Dick Grayson, Tim Drake, Jason Todd, even you. It's more than a tradition, it's a legacy."

Alternate versions

Batman: The Dark Knight Returns, which was published before "A Death in the Family", references Jason Todd. In DKR, Jason Todd also died in the line of duty, although the exact details are not given. The Joker is not stated to have been responsible. It is implied that Todd's death was a contributing factor to Batman's retirement. When Batman allows Carrie Kelly to assume the mantle of Robin, Alfred Pennyworth objects, citing Todd as a reason. Batman responds by stating "Jason was a good soldier. He honored me. But the war goes on."

In an interview for the Infinite Crisis hardcover, Jeanine Schaefer states that Geoff Johns had planned to reveal the second Red Hood as the Jason Todd of the Earth-Two universe. Said Schaefer:

"Well, Geoff's idea was to have Red Hood be the Jason Todd of Earth-Two. So he'd be this kid, who wanted to be Batman's sidekick. He sneaks into the Batcave, and the first thing he sees as he boots up the bat-computers is... Batman murdered. And so he uses Bruce's stuff, training himself to take over for him. I think there was even talk of his possibly being Deathstroke's Robin."

Notes

References

  • Daniels, Les. Batman: The Complete History. Chronicle Books, 1999. ISBN 0-8118-4232-0
  • Pearson, Roberta E.; Uricchio, William (editors). The Many Lives of the Batman: Critical Approaches to a Superhero and His Media. Routledge: London, 1991. ISBN 0-85170-276-7


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