Jean Claude (1619 – 13
January 1687) was a French Protestant divine.
born at La
Sauvetat-du-Dropt near Agen.
studying at Montauban, Jean Claude entered the ministry in 1645.
years he was professor of theology in the
Protestant college of Nîmes; but in
1661, having successfully opposed a scheme for re-uniting Catholics and Protestants, he was forbidden to
preach in Lower Languedoc.
he obtained a post at Montauban similar to that which he had lost,
but four years later he was removed from there as well.
became pastor at Charenton near Paris, where he
engaged in controversies with Pierre
Nicole (Réponse aux deux traités intitulés la perpétuité de
la foi, 1665), Antoine Arnauld
(Réponse au livre de M. Arnauld
and J.B. Bossuet
(Réponse au livre de M. l'évêque de
On the revocation of the edict of
in 1685 Jean Claude fled to the Netherlands
where he received a pension
from stadtholder William of Orange
, who commissioned
him to write an account of the persecuted Huguenots
( , 1686). The book was translated into
, but by order of James II of England
, both the
translation and the original were publicly burnt by the common
on the 5th of
1686, as containing "expressions scandalous to His
Majesty the king of France."
Other works by Jean Claude were Réponse au livre de P.
sur l'eucharistie (1668) and Œuvres posthumes
containing the Traité de la
composition d'un sermon
, translated into English in