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Jean Itard
Jean Marc Gaspard Itard (April 24 1774, Oraisonmarker, Alpes-de-Haute-ProvencemarkerJuly 5, 1838) was a French physician born in Provence.

Itard was a student of René Laennec in Paris. Here he described pneumothorax in 1803; his teacher would provide a fuller description of the condition in 1819.

In 1821, Itard published a major work on otology, describing the results of his medical research based on over 170 detailed cases. He is credited with the invention of the Eustachian catheter, which is sometimes known as "Itard's catheter". Numbness in the tympanic membrane during otosclerosis is referred to as the "Itard-Cholewa Symptom".

In 1825, Itard was credited with describing the first case of Tourette syndrome in Marquise de Dampierre, a woman of nobility.

He was also an educator of deaf children, and tried his educational theories in the celebrated case of Victor of Aveyron. However, his efforts with Victor ended up with disappointing results.



  1. Jean Itard, Mémoire et Rapport sur Victor de l'Aveyron (1801 et 1806) [1]
  2. Jean Marc Gaspard Itard. Accessed 23 October 2006.
  3. Tourette Syndrome Association. What is Tourette syndrome? Accessed 11 Feb 2005.

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