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Major General Sir John Jeremy Moore KCB, OBE, MC & Bar (5 July 192815 September 2007) was the commander of the Britishmarker land forces during the Falklands War in 1982. Moore received the surrender of the Argentine forces on the islands.

Moore came from a military family. His father, Lieutenant Colonel Charles Moore, and paternal grandfather, who joined the York and Lancaster Regiment as a private, were both awarded the Military Cross in 1916 during World War I. His maternal grandfather was wounded at Tel-el-Kebirmarker in 1880, and later commanded the 4th Hussars.

He was educated at Brambletye School in East Grinsteadmarker and at Cheltenham Collegemarker. He intended to join the Fleet Air Arm after leaving school, but was discouraged by relatively poor exam results. He joined the Royal Marines in 1947, intending to transfer, and enjoyed Royal Marine service so much that he spent the next 36 years in the Corps. After basic training, and service at sea in the cruiser HMS Sirius, he joined X Troop of 40 Commandomarker in Malaya in November 1950, during the Emergency. He first received a major military accolade in 1952 when he was awarded the Military Cross for gallantry after he and his men fought a pitched battle with communist insurgents in the Malayan jungle.

He later served as Housemaster of the Royal Marines School of Music in Deal, Kentmarker in 1954, as an instructor at the NCO's School, as adjutant with 45 Commandomarker from 1957 to 1959, spending much time in operations against EOKA in Cyprusmarker, and then as an instructor at the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurstmarker until 1962. He was posted to Brunei to join 42 Commando, as a company commander and later adjutant. While a company commander, he was awarded a Bar to the Military Cross in December 1962 when he led an attack against rebels holding the town of Limbangmarker in the Sarawakmarker area of Borneomarker, rescuing British and Australian hostages. He and his men were ferried across a river by Royal Navy Lieutenant Jeremy Black, who went on to command HMS Invincible in the Falklands War.

After attending the Australian Army Staff College in 1963 to 1964, he served with the 17th Gurkha Division in Borneo in 1965, countering Indonesian insurgents, and was Assistant Secretary to the Chiefs of Staff Committee at the MOD from 1966 to 1968. He served as amphibious operations officer on HMS Bulwark in 1968 to 1969.

He led the 42 Commando on a tour of duty in the then Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) stronghold of New Lodge. On promotion to Lieutenant-Colonel in 1971, Moore was appointed in command of 42 Commando, completing two tours of duty in Northern Irelandmarker, including participation in the high-profile Operation Motorman to eliminate areas proclaimed by the IRA as “no-go” to the Army and police. He was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire in 1973.

He commanded the Royal Marines School of Music from 1973 to 1975, and then studied at the Royal College of Defence Studiesmarker in 1976. He commanded 3 Commando Brigademarker from 1977 until he was promoted to Major General in 1979 and took command of all Royal Marine commando forces. He was appointed Companion of the Order of the Bath in 1982, and was on the verge of retirement when the Commandant General Royal Marines, Lieutenant-General Sir Steuart Pringle, was badly injured by a bomb planted by the IRA. Moore remained as Major-General Commando Forces to cover for Pringle while he recovered.

Moore was handing over to the recuperated Pringle when Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands on 2 April 1982. He joined the task force planning team at Northwoodmarker before flying south to take command of land forces in theatre. His planning post was taken by Lieutenant General Richard Trant. Moore relieved Brigadier Julian Thompson as ground commander when he arrived with the 5th Infantry Brigade on the RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 on 30 May. Moore implemented the plans proposed by Thompson, with the British soldiers forced to march across the inhospitable islands in the absence of sufficient helicopters and into the teeth of Argentine resistance. He accepted the surrender of the Argentinian commander, General de Brigada Mario Menéndez, in Port Stanleymarker on 14 June 1982.

He was promoted to Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in 1982 after his command in the Falklands, and left the Marines in 1983. He became Director General of the Food Manufacturers Federation, but left 18 months later. Later in life, he raised money for research into liver diseases after having a liver transplant. He was Colonel Commandant of the Royal Marines from 1990 to 1993, and joined the parade to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Falklands War at Horse Guards Parademarker and the Mallmarker on 17 June 2007.

He married his wife, Veryan, in 1966. They had a son and two daughters. In later years, he suffered from arthritis and prostate cancer. He died on 15 September 2007, aged 79, survived by his wife and three children.


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