Jersey City is a city in Hudson County, New Jersey, United
States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the
population of Jersey City was 240,055, making it New Jersey's
city, behind Newark.
As of the Census Bureau's 2007 estimate,
the population had grown to 242,389. It is the seat
City lies on the west bank of the Hudson
River and Upper New
York Bay across from Lower Manhattan in New York City (where about 26% of its employed residents work),
and is part of the New York metropolitan area.
A commercial and industrial center, it is a
port of entry and a manufacturing center. With 11 miles
(17.7 km) of waterfront and significant rail connections,
Jersey City is an important transportation terminus and
distribution center. It has railroad shops, oil refineries,
warehouses, and plants that manufacture a diverse assortment of
products, including chemicals
. Jersey City has
benefited from its proximity to Manhattan, as companies in Manhattan moved some of their
operations to Jersey City.
Recent developments have included
increased housing and shopping areas; some parts of the city,
however, remain run-down after years of commercial
Image of Jersey City taken by
(The red line demarcates the municipal boundaries of Jersey
According to the United
States Census Bureau
, the city has a total area of
) of it is land
and 16.1 km2
) of it is
water. It has the smallest land area of the 100 largest cities in
America. The total area is 29.37% water. Jersey City is
bordered to the east by the Hudson
River, to the north by Secaucus, North Bergen, Union City and Hoboken, to the west by Kearny and Newark, and to the south by Bayonne.
proximity to Manhattan, Jersey City and Hudson County are sometimes
referred to as New York
City's sixth borough.
Lenape and New Netherland
The land comprising what is now Jersey City was wilderness
inhabited by the Lenape
, a collection of
tribes (later called Delaware
). In 1609, Henry
Hudson, seeking an alternate route to East
Asia, anchored his small vessel Halve
Maen (English: Half Moon) at Sandy
Hook, Harsimus Cove and
Cove, and elsewhere along what was later named the
After spending nine
days surveying the area and meeting its inhabitants, he sailed as
far north as Albany. After he returned to The
Netherlands, the Dutch
organized the United New
The Company was to manage this new
territory and in June 1623, The New
became a Dutch province, with headquarters in
. Michael Reyniersz Pauw, Lord of
Achttienhoven, a burgermeester of
Amsterdam and a director of the West India Company, received
a land grant as patroon on the condition
that he would establish a settlement of not fewer than fifty
persons within four years.
He chose the west bank of the
and purchased the land
from the Lenape. This grant is dated November 22, 1630 and is
the earliest known conveyance for what are now Hoboken and Jersey City.
Pauw, however was an
absentee landlord who neglected to populate the area and was
obliged to sell his holdings back to the Company in 1633. That
year, a house was built at Communipaw
Jan Evertsen Bout
of the colony, which had been named Pavonia
form of Pauw's name, which means peacock).
Shortly after, another house was built at Harsimus Cove (near the
present-day corner of Fourth Street and Marín Boulevard) and became
the home of Cornelius Van Vorst
who had succeeded Bout as superintendent, and whose family would
become influential in the development of the city. Relations with
the Lenape deteriorated, in part because of the colonialist's
mismanagement and misunderstanding of the indigenous people, and
led to series of raids and reprisals and the virtual destruction of
the settlement on the west bank. During Kieft's War
, approximately eighty Lenapes were
killed by the Dutch in a massacre at Pavonia
on the night of February 25, 1643.
Scattered communities of farmsteads characterized the Dutch
settlements at Pavonia: Communipaw, Harsimus, Paulus Hook
, Hoebuck, Awiehaken, and other lands
"behind Kil van Kull". The first village (located inside a
palisaded garrison) established on what is now Bergen Square in 1660, and is considered to be the oldest town in
what would become the state of New Jersey.
oldest surviving houses in Jersey City is the stone Van Wagenen
House of 1742.
During the American Revolutionary War
area was in the hands of the British who controlled New York.
Paulus Hook was attacked by Major Light
Horse Harry Lee
on August 19, 1779. After the war Alexander Hamilton
and other prominent
New Yorkers and New Jerseyeans attempted to develop the area that
would become historic downtown Jersey City and laid out the city
squares and streets that still characterize the neighborhood,
giving them names also seen in Lower Manhattan or after war heroes
(Grove, Varick, Mercer, Wayne, Monmouth, and Montgomery among
them). During the 19th century, Jersey City played an integral role
in the Underground Railroad
Four routes through New Jersey converged in the city.
Incorporation and merger
City of Jersey was incorporated by an Act of the
New Jersey Legislature on
January 28, 1820, from portions of North Bergen
Township, while the area was still a part of Bergen
The city was reincorporated on January 23,
1829, and again on February 22, 1838, at which time it became
completely independent of North Bergen and was given its present
name. On February 22, 1840, it became part of the newly-created
Soon after the Civil War, the idea of uniting all of the towns of
Hudson County east of the Hackensack River into one municipality. A
bill was approved by the State legislature on April 2, 1869, a
special held October 5, 1869. An element of the bill provide that
only contiguous towns could be consolidated. While a majority of
the voters approved the merger, only Jersey City, Hudson City
and Bergen City
could be consolidated,
which they did on March 17, 1870. Three years later the present
outline of Jersey City was completed when Greenville
agreed to merge into the
Greater Jersey City.
Turn of the century
Jersey City at the end of the 19th
Jersey City was a dock and manufacturing town for much of the 19th
and 20th centuries. Much like New York City, Jersey City has always been a landing pad for new
immigrants to the United States. In its heyday before
World War II, German, Irish, and Italian
immigrants found work at Colgate, Chloro, or Dixon
However, the largest employers at the time
were the railroads, whose national networks dead-ended on the
. The most significant
railroad for Jersey City was the Pennsylvania Railroad Company
whose eastern terminus was in the Downtown area until 1911, when
the company built the first tunnel under the river to Penn
Station, New York.
Before that time, Pennsylvania rail
passengers transferred in Jersey City to ferries
headed to Manhattan or to trolleys that fanned
out through Hudson County and beyond. The Black Tom explosion occurred on July 30, 1916 as an act of
sabotage on American ammunition supplies by German agents to
prevent the materials from being used by the Allies in World War I.
From 1917 to 1947, Jersey City was governed by Mayor Frank Hague
. Originally elected as a reform
candidate, the Jersey City History Web Site
says his name is
"synonymous with the early twentieth century urban American blend
of political favoritism and social welfare known as bossism
." Hague ran the city with an iron fist
while, at the same time, molding governors, United States senators,
and judges to his whims. Boss Hague was known to be loud and
vulgar, but dressed in a stylish manner earning him the nickname
"King Hanky-Panky". In his later years in office, Hague would often
dismiss his enemies as "reds
" or "commies
". Hague lived like a millionaire, despite
having an annual salary that never exceeded $8,500. He was able to
maintain a fourteen-room duplex apartment in Jersey City, a suite
at the Plaza
Hotel in Manhattan, and a palatial summer home in Deal, New
Jersey, and he traveled to Europe
yearly in the royal suites of the best liners.
After Hague's retirement from politics, a series of mayors
including John V. Kenny
, and Thomas F.X. Smith
attempted to take control of Hague's
organization, usually under the mantle of political reform. None
was able to duplicate the level of power held by Hague.
Jersey City Giants of the
International League played in
Stadium from 1937 to 1950.
On April 18, 1946
broke the baseball color line
when he became the
first African-American to play organized baseball outside of the
. Robinson appeared for the visiting Montreal Royals
, going 4-for-5 with a home
Roosevelt Stadium was briefly home to the Brooklyn Dodgers
of the National League for
seven home games in both 1956 and 1957.
Jersey City hosted The Barclays at Liberty
National Golf Club.
It is part of the PGA Tours' Fed Ex Cup
Decline and renaissance
Many areas of Jersey City are under
Jersey City as seen from Liberty State
The city developed a reputation for corruption, even after Hague
left office. By the 1970s, it was caught up in a wave of urban
decline that saw many of its wealthy residents fleeing to the suburbs
, and led to an influx of
working class scarred by rising crime, civil unrest, political
corruption, and economic hardship. From 1950 to 1980, Jersey City
lost 75,000 residents, and from 1975 to 1982, it lost 5,000 jobs,
or 9% of its workforce. The city experienced a surge of violent
crime during this period. New immigrants sought refuge in Jersey
City because of low housing costs, despite decay, abandonment, or
neglect in its neighborhoods.
Beginning in the 1980s, development of the waterfront in an area
previously occupied by rail yards and factories helped to stir the
beginnings of a renaissance for Jersey City. The rapid construction
of numerous high-rise buildings increased the population and led to
the development of the Exchange Place financial district, also
known as 'Wall Street West', one of the largest banking centers in
the United States. Large financial institutions such as UBS
, Goldman Sachs
occupy prominent buildings on the Jersey City waterfront,
some of which are among the tallest buildings New
. Amid this building boom, a light-rail network
articulated streetcars to downtown Jersey City.
Wide-scale gentrification of the downtown neighborhood coincided
with the growth of Jersey City as an arts center, particularly the
visual arts. Beginning in the late 1970s, many artists moved the
short distance across the river from Manhattan in search of
affordable studio space. One structure of note, the massive Civil
War-era building located at 111 First Street, became a haven for
hundreds of artists in the area and was considered by many as the
heart of the Jersey City arts community. Nonetheless, the building
was demolished in 2005 to make way for future development,
including a high-rise building designed by world-famous architect
Rem Koolhaas. The art scene has continued to grow with a
proliferation of galleries and other organizations such as Rock
Soup Studios, 58 Gallery, Arthouse Productions, Lex Leonard
Gallery, and LITM, among others. The recent addition to the Jersey
City Museum, a venue for contemporary art, has also raised the
profiles of local artists.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 240,055
people, 88,632 households, and 55,660 families residing in the
city. The United States
has estimated the 2004 population at 239,079. The
). There were 93,648
housing units at an average density of 2,423.4/km2
). The racial makeup of the city was 34.01%
, 28.32% African American
, 0.08% Pacific Islander
, 15.11% from
, and 5.84%
from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 28.31% of the
population. Largest ancestries include: Italian
(2.8%), and German
The city is genuinely diverse, with relatively large
representations from many ethnicities. However, relations between
ethnic groups have not always amicable, as evidenced by incidents
such as the infamous Dotbusters
attacks of 1987 against residents of South Asian descent, and, more
recently, the March 2007 defacing of a local sports field with
slogans and racial slurs.
Of all households, 31.1% have children under the age of 18 living
there, 36.4% were married couples
together, 20.2% had a female householder with no husband present,
and 37.2% were non-families. 29.2% of all households were made up
of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years
of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the
average family size was 3.37.
The age distribution is spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18,
10.7% from 18 to 24, 35.1% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and
9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32
years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100
females age 18 and over, there were 92.6 males.
The median income of its households is $37,862, and the median
income of its families is $41,639. Males had a median income of
$35,119 versus $30,494 for females. The per capita income
for the city was
$19,410. About 16.4% of families and 18.6% of the population were
below the poverty line
, including 27.0%
of those under age 18 and 17.5% of those age 65 or over.
Jersey City is currently governed under the Faulkner Act
form of municipal
government by a mayor and a nine-member city council. The city
council consists of six members elected from wards and three
elected at large, all elected to four-year terms on a concurrent
basis in non-partisan elections.
The current Mayor of Jersey City is Jerramiah Healy
, who won the Jersey City mayoral
special election, 2004
. The current Business Administrator of
Jersey City is Brian O'Reilly.
Members of the City Council are:
- Peter Brennan, Council President pro tempore
- Willie Flood, Councilwoman-at-Large
- Mariano Vega, Jr., Councilman-at-Large
- Michael Sottolano, Ward A - Greenville, Councilman
- Philip Kenny, Ward B - Westside, Councilman
- Nidia Lopez, Ward C - Journal Square, Councilman
- William Gaughan, Ward D - Heights, Councilman
- Steven Fulop, Ward E - Downtown,
- Viola Richardson, Ward F - Bergen, Councilwoman
Peter Brennan is the temporary council president following Mariano
Vega's resignation from that post on October 6, 2009. (Vega is
under indictment for federal corruption charges.) The council may
reorganize and elect a new president.
Jersey City Municipal Court gets a fairly heavy load of criminal
cases along with some traffic violations. Mayor Healy is a member
of the Mayors
Against Illegal Guns Coalition
, a bi-partisan
group with a stated goal of "making
the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets."
Coalition is co-chaired by Boston Mayor
Thomas Menino and New York City Mayor Michael
Federal, state and county representation
Jersey City is in the Ninth
Congressional Districts, and is part of New Jersey's 31st, 32nd and
33rd Legislative Districts.
Jersey City consists of ten Districts; Greenville, West Side,
Journal Square, The Heights, Historic Downtown, The Waterfront, the
Hackensack Riverfront, McGinley Square, Liberty State Park and
Bergen/Lafayette. Each of these Districts consists of smaller
neighborhoods, for example the Paulus Hook neighborhood of The
Waterfront District and the Western Slope neighborhood of The
Heights District. Jersey City is a city of neighborhoods, each with
a different aesthetic and architectural style, to some
Jersey City includes the Waterfront District (including Newport, Paulus Hook, and Exchange
Place), and Historic Downtown (including Hamilton Park,
Grove Street, Harsimus Cove and Van
(or, simply, "The Heights") includes the Western Slope
and the Central
Avenue Shopping area. Journal Square
site of the Jersey Journal and PATH Transportation Center, West Side
features West Bergen/Lincoln Park
Mall, Bergen/Lafayette where Communipaw Avenue connects the West
Side with Liberty State Park, Greenville
featuring Port Liberte
and residential neighborhoods.
Downtown Jersey City
Downtown Jersey City is the
area from the Hudson River westward to the Newark Bay Extension of
the New Jersey Turnpike
(Interstate 78) and the
Palisades; it is also bounded by Hoboken to the north and
Liberty State Park to the south.
Newport and Exchange
Place are redeveloped waterfront areas consisting mostly
of residential towers, hotels and office buildings.
is a planned mixed-use community, built on the old Erie Lackawanna Railway yards, made
up of residential rental towers, condominiums, office buildings, a
marina, schools, restaurants, hotels, Newport
Centre Mall, a waterfront walkway, transportation facilities,
and on-site parking for more than 15,000 vehicles.
had a hand in the renaissance of Jersey City although, before
ground was broken, much of the downtown area had already begun a
steady climb (much like Hoboken). Some critics have derided the
Newport development for its isolation because it is cut off from
the rest of the city by the Newport Centre Mall and other big box
Exchange Place, the first part of Jersey City to redevelop, was
built on the grounds of the old Jersey City Penn Station, ferry and
shipping terminals. It is now a bustling business and financial
To the west lie three brownstone
neighborhoods with protected historic districts — Hamilton Park,
Van Vorst Park, and Harsimus Cove — separated from the waterfront
by a legacy of older infrastructure, big-box development, and old
warehouses still awaiting re-use.
neighborhood with a historic designated zone. It borders Exchange
Place and Liberty
State Park on the waterfront, and blends older
brownstone-lined streets with newer luxury developments.
Street stop on the Hudson-Bergen Light Rail cuts
through the southern portion of the neighborhood.
has become increasingly active with development to the east and the
construction of the light rail; many of its streets are lined with
shops, and restaurants with outdoor seating.
St Aedan's Church
Hackensack River in winter, as seen from the Society Hill
Once the commercial heart of Jersey City, Journal Square
is in the process of
rehabilitation, in part because of the efforts of the Journal
Square Restoration Corporation (JSRC) and the Jersey City Economic
Development Corporation (JCEDC). Here, Kennedy Boulevard and Bergen
Avenue, main thoroughfares in the city, are at their widest, lined
on both sides by brick houses and medium-density apartment
complexes. The Stanley Theater, currently a Jehovah's Witness meeting hall, and
Jersey Theater on Kennedy Boulevard are among the city's most
noted landmarks, and are two of the best preserved movie palaces in the Tri-State
area. Directly across Kennedy Boulevard from the
Loews is the Journal Square Transportation
Center (JSTC), which houses the Journal
Square PATH station and the city's largest bus terminal.
Peter's College is located about 10 blocks south of Journal Square
in the McGinley Square section of
To the north of the square on Newark Avenue
lies India Square
, home to over 100
Indian businesses, and one of the largest Indian neighborhoods in
New Jersey. To the south of the square near Five Corners lies the Hudson
County Courthouse, St Joseph's Church, Dickinson
High School, and the island area.
City's West Side is very
diverse and includes the neighborhoods of the Marion Section, Lincoln Park/West Bergen, the
Society Hill, and New Jersey
City University. Many ethnic grocery shops (Filipino, Indian, West Indian) line West
Side Avenue, which runs from Broadway to Danforth
Avenue. U.S. Route 1/9
bisects Lincoln Park. West of New
Jersey Route 440 is the Hackensack Riverfront including Hudson
Mall, Jersey City Incinerator Authority, and Droyer's Point, former site of the old
Stadium where Jackie
Robinson broke the Baseball
color line before his Major
League Baseball debut.
lies between the
Bayonne city line to the south and the Hudson Bergen Light Rail
lines to the north. It is primarily residential with a principal
commercial corridor at Danforth Avenue. The Greenville Yards (a former Conrail rail
yard now being used as a distribution center), Port Jersey, Port Liberté
(high-end gated residential community) and Caven Point on the
Upper New York
Bay are separated from the older neighborhoods by the
New Jersey Turnpike Newark Bay Extension.
Greenville has some of the most depressed areas in the city, but is
slowly being revitalized, particularly along the light rail line.
The crime rate is higher here than in any other part of Jersey City
and many streets are lined with abandoned homes, but municipal aid
over the past few years has helped in rebuilding many of them and
in bringing life back to many of Greenville's neglected streets.
With the gentrification
downtown area, many of the city's working-class tenants have moved
into this area.
Jersey City Heights (aka "The
Heights") is a neighborhood atop the New Jersey
Palisades overlooking Hoboken and the Hudson River to its east and the New Jersey Meadowlands to the
It consists mostly of two- and three-family houses,
and remains traditionally middle-class. The primary commercial
strip is Central Avenue
. Six blocks to the east, and parallel to it,
are Palisade and Ogden Avenues, both of which offer views of the
Manhattan skyline from Riverside Park. The trolley station
at Congress and Ninth Streets connects this area of the Heights to the Hoboken
PATH train and New Jersey Transit
Many stately Victorian
homes contribute to the
attractiveness of the Heights, particularly along Summit Avenue and
Sherman Place as well as areas to the east of Central Avenue.
Pershing Field is a park near the center of this district, offering
green space, a running track, several trap houses, basketball and
tennis courts, a semi-Olympic size swimming pool and an ice skating
rink. Adjacent to Pershing Field Park is an abandoned reservoir
which constitutes one of the largest patches of green space in the
city. The future of the reservoir has been hotly contested as
business interests, city government, and environmentalist groups
have each proposed a different use for the land though it has
announced that the city has decided to move forward with plans to
develop the reservoir into a nature preserve open to the
formerly Bergen City, New
, lies between Greenville to the south and McGinley Square
to the north. It also borders
State Park and Downtown to
the east and the West
Side. Communipaw Avenue
Bergen Avenue are main thoroughfares. The former Jersey City
Medical Center complex, a cluster of Art
Deco buildings on a rise in the center of the city, will be
converted into residential complexes called The Beacon.
Hudson-Bergen Light Rail.
Of all Jersey City commuters, 8.17% walk to work, and 40.26% take
. This is the second
highest percentage of public transit
riders of any city with a population of 100,000+ in the United
States, behind only New York
City and ahead of Washington, D.C.
A significant portion of Jersey City
households do not
own an automobile
- Hudson-Bergen Light
Rail: Twenty three stations in Bayonne, Hoboken, Jersey City,
North Bergen, Union City, and Weehawken. Three branches:
Hoboken-22nd Street, Hoboken-Tonnelle Avenue, and West Side
BillyBey Ferry Company operates ferries
between Newport, Paulus Hook, Liberty Harbor, Port Liberté and the
Financial Center and Pier 11 lower Manhattan and 39th Street in
midtown Manhattan, where free transfer is available to a variety of
- Hornblower Cruises provides service between Liberty State Park
and Ellis and Liberty Island
- Liberty Water
Taxi operates ferries between Dock M. of Liberty State Park and
Financial Center during the summer months.
Journal Square Transportation
Center, Exchange Place, and
Terminal (just over the city line's northeast corner) are
major origination/destination points for buses.
available to numerous points within Jersey City, Hudson County, and
some suburban areas as well as to Newark on the 1, 2, 6, 22, 43,
64, 67, 68, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88
, 123, 125
Also serving Jersey City are various private lines operated by the
Bergen Avenue and Montgomery
& Westside IBOA
, and by Red &
Tan in Hudson County
Colleges and universities
City is home to the New Jersey City University (NJCU) and Saint
Peter's College, both of which are located in the city's West Side
It is also home to Hudson County Community
, which is located in Journal Square. The University of Phoenix has a small
location at Newport, and Rutgers University offers MBA classes at Harborside
The Jersey City Public
serve students 3 years and older from Pre-K 3 through
twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 Abbott Districts
Ronald E. McNair
Academic High School was the top-ranked public high school in New Jersey
out of 316 schools statewide, in New Jersey Monthly magazine's
September 2006 cover story on the state's Top Public High
Schools and was selected as 15th best high school in the
United States in Newsweek
magazine's national 2005 survey. In contrast, William
L. Dickinson High School, located near Jersey City's downtown area, is the
oldest high school in the city.
It is also one of the
largest schools in Hudson County, in terms of student population.
Opened in 1906 as the Jersey City High School, it is one of the
oldest sites in Jersey City. It is a four-story Beaux-Arts
structure located on a
hilltop facing the Hudson River. Other public high schools in Jersey City
J. Ferris High School, Lincoln High School, and Henry Snyder High School. The Hudson County Schools of
Technology (which also has campuses in North
Bergen and Secaucus) has a campus in Jersey City.
Jersey City's elementary and middle schools is Academy I
Middle School, which is part of the Academic Enrichment Program
for Gifted Students.
Another school is Alexander D. Sullivan
P.S. #30, an ESL magnet school in the Greenville district, which
services nearly 800 Pre-k through 5th grade students.
Jersey City also has a number of charter
which are run under a special charter granted by the
Commissioner of the New Jersey Department of
. There are six charter schools that serve elementary
and middle school students. Jersey City Community Charter School,
Jersey City Golden Door Charter School, Learning Community Charter
School, Liberty Academy Charter School and Soaring Heights Charter
School all accept students in grades K-8 while Schomburg Charter
School accepts grades K-5. The two charter schools for high school
students are CREATE Charter High School and University Academy Charter High
Private high schools in Jersey City include:
Catholic grade schools include the Resurrection School a Peaceable
School, St. Aloysius School and Sacred Heart School. Catholic schools
serve every area of the
city and a number of other charter and private schools are also
available. Genesis Educational Center is a private Christian school
located in downtown Jersey City for ages newborn through 8th
Museums and libraries
see also: Exhibitions in Hudson
State Park is home to Central
Railroad of New Jersey Terminal, the Interpretive Center, and Liberty
Science Center, an interactive science and learning
The center, which first opened in 1993 as New
Jersey's first major state science museum, has science exhibits,
the world's largest IMAX Dome theater, numerous educational
resources, and the original Hoberman
. From the park ferries travel to both
Island and the Immigration Museum and The Statue of
The Jersey City Free Public Library has five branches, some of
which have permanent colllections and host exhibitions. At the Main
Branch, the New Jersey Room contains historical archives and
photos. The Miller Branch is home to the Afro-American
Historical and Cultural Society Museum
. The Five Corners Branch
specializes in works related to music and the fine arts, and is a
Museum shows contemporary work and sponsors
stations of the Hudson Bergen
Light Rail, notably the Martin
Luther King Drive station, have educational public art
City has several shopping districts, some of which are traditional
main streets for their respective neighborhoods, such as
Central, Danforth, and West
Side avenues. Journal
is a major commercial district. Newport Mall is a regional shopping area.
Portions of the
city are part of an Urban
. In addition to other benefits to encourage
employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a
reduced 3½% sales tax
rate (versus the 7%
rate charged statewide).
(WXHD 90.1FM in the Hudson Valley), the longest running freeform
radio station in the US, moved to Jersey City in 1998.
Z-100 WHTZ 100.3 The
top rated New York City radio station broadcasts from the 101 Hudson Street.
The daily newspaper The Jersey
, located at its namesake Journal Square, covers
, its morning daily,
now defunct. The
Jersey City Reporter
is part of
the Hudson Reporter
group of local
weeklies. The River View
is another weekly published in the city and
distributed thoroughout the county. Another county wide weekly, El
Especialito, also serves the city.The New York Daily News
publishing and distribution facilities at Liberty Industrial
The Flamingo Diner, downtown.
- Ellis Island is inside Jersey City's borders, and is managed
jointly by the states of New Jersey and New
York, though it is owned by the federal
government. In 1983, the State of New York went to the
Supreme Court to sue the State of New Jersey over the ownership of
the island, but in 1998, New York lost; New York retains title only
to the original portion of the Island, while New Jersey owns the
that were added as landfill.
Liberty is from Jersey City. In 1987 Representative
Frank J. Guarini, a Democrat from New Jersey, and
Gerald McCann, who was Mayor of Jersey City, sued New York City, contending that New Jersey had ownership over the
Island because they are in the New Jersey portion of the
Hudson River. The federally owned
islands are over two miles (3 km) from New York City.
Katyń Memorial by well-known
Polish American artist Andrzej Pityński on Exchange
Place is the first memorial of its kind to be raised on
American soil to honor the dead of the Katyń
Panorama of Jersey City and Lower
Manhattan from a Liberty State Park park&ride.
- Holusha, John. "Commercial Property / The Jersey Riverfront; On
the Hudson's West Bank, Optimistic Developers",
The New York Times, October 11,
1998. Accessed May 25, 2007. 'That simply is out of the question in
midtown, he said, adding that some formerly fringe areas in
Midtown South that had previously been available were filled up as
well. Given that the buildings on the New Jersey waterfront are new
and equipped with the latest technology and just a few stops on the
PATH trains from Manhattan, they become an attractive
alternative. It's the sixth borough, he said.
- Jersey City Past and Present: Pavonia,
New Jersey City University.
Accessed May 10, 2006.
- A Virtual Tour of New Netherland, New Netherland
Institute. Accessed May 10, 2006.
- Jersey City's Oldest House, Jersey City History.
Accessed September 11, 2007.
- "Jersey City's Underground Railroad history,"
Jersey City Magazine, Spring &
- "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John
P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey;
1969. p. 146-147.
- A City Whose Time Has Come Again, The New York
Times, April 30, 2000.
- Jersey City, New Jersey, city-data.com. Accessed
January 24, 2008.
- Marriott, Michel. "In Jersey City, Indians Protest Violence",
The New York Times, October 12,
1987. Accessed October 6, 2008. "But in recent weeks, Indians here
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