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Jhansi (Urdu: جھانسی, Hindi: झांसी, Marathi:झाशी) is a city of Uttar Pradeshmarker state of northern Indiamarker. Jhansi is a major road and rail junction, and is the administrative seat of Jhansi Districtmarker and Jhansi Division. The original walled city grew up around its stone fort, which crowns a neighboring rock.

The National Highway Development Project, initiated by the government of Atal Behari Vajpayee, has sparked Jhansi's development. The North-South Corridor connecting Kashmirmarker to Kanyakumari passes through Jhansi. The East-West corridor also goes through this city, so there has been a sudden rush to infrastructure and real estate development in the city. A greenfield airport is also on the Anvil.

Etymology

According to a legend, Raja Bir Singh Deo, sitting on the roof of his palace at Orchha with his friend, the Raja of Jaitpur asked the latter whether he could discern this new fort that he built on Bangara hill, he replied that he could see it ‘Jhainsi’ (meaning rather indistinct). This ‘Jhainsi’ in course of time became corrupted to Jhansi. It was one of the most strategically situated forts of central India being built on an elevated rock rising out of the plain and commanding the city and the surrounding country.

History



In the 9th century, the region of Jhansi came under the rule of the Rajput Chandela dynasty of Khajurahomarker. The artificial reservoirs and architectural remains probably date from this era. The Chandelas were succeeded by the Khangars, who built the nearby fort of Karar. About the fourteenth century the Bundelas poured down upon the plains from the Vindhya Rangemarker, and gradually spread themselves over the whole of the Bundelkhand region which now bears their name. The fortress of Jhansi was built by the ruler of Orchhamarker state in 1610. Legend says that when a king of Orchha saw a shadow ('jhain' in bundelkhand) on a distant mound, he is said to have called it jhain-si (kind of shadow). Jhansi got its name from this utterance.

The Muslim governors of the Mughal empire were constantly making incursions into the Bundela country. In 1732 Chhatrasal, the Bundela king, called in the aid of the Hindu Marathas. They came to his assistance, and were rewarded by the bequest of one-third of the Maharaja's dominions upon his death two years later. The Maratha general developed the city of Jhansi, and peopled it with inhabitants from Orchha state. In 1806 British protection was promised to the Maratha chief. In 1817, however, the Peshwa in Punemarker ceded all his rights over Bundelkhand to the British East India Company. In 1853 the Raja of Jhansi died childless, and his territory was annexed by the Governor-General of India. The Jhansi state and the Jalaunmarker and Chanderi districts were then formed into a superintendency. Rani Lakshmibai, widow of the Raja, protested the annexation because she was not allowed to adopt an heir (as was customary), and because the slaughter of cattle was permitted in the Jhansi territory.

The Revolt of 1857 accordingly found Jhansi ripe for rebellion. In June a few men of the 12th Native Infantry seized the fort containing the treasure and magazine, and massacred the European officers of the garrison along with their wives and children. Rani Lakshmi Bai put herself at the head of the rebels and died bravely in battle in Gwaliormarker. It was not until November, 1858 that Jhansi was brought under British control. It had been given to the Maharaja of Gwalior, but came under British rule in 1886 as the result of a territorial swap. Jhansi was added to the United Provinces, which became the state of Uttar Pradesh after India's Independence in 1947.

The fort standing in the hilly area shows that how the North Indian style of fort construction differentiated from that of the South.In South majority of the beautiful forts were built on the sea beds like the one at Bekal in Kerala [for more details refer 'History of Bekal Fort' by Nandakumar Koroth]

Population

Jhansi city has 77th rank among the most populated cities of India, according to 2001 Census.
Jhansi Railway Station
  • 2001 Census Total: 504,292
    • Nagar Nigam Total: 470,212
    • Male: 249,592
    • Female: 220,620
    • Cantonment Board Total: 18,582
    • Male: 10,239
    • Female: 8,343
    • Jhansi Railway Settlement Total: 15,499
    • Male: 8,395
    • Female: 7,104


Geography and climate

Jhansi (A view from Hill)
Jhansi is located at 25.4333 N 78.5833 E. It has an average elevation of 284 metres (935 feet).Jhansi is located in the plateau of central India,an area dominated by rocky reliefs and minerals underneath the soil. The city has a natural slope in the north as it lies on the south western border of the vast Tarai plains of Uttar Pradesh. The elevation rises on the south. The land is suitable for citrus species fruits. Crops include wheat, pulses, peas, oilseeds. The region relies heavily on Monsoon rains for irrigation purposes. Under an ambitious canal project(Rajghat canal), the government is constructing a network of canals for irrigation in Jhansi and Lalitpur and some area of Madhya Pradesh.

Being on a rocky plateau, Jhansi experiences extreme temperatures. Winter begins in October with the retreat of the Southwest Monsoon (Jhansi does not experience any rainfall from the Northeast Monsoon) and peaks in mid-December. The mercury generally reads about 4 degrees minimum and 21 degrees maximum. Spring arrives by the end of February and is a short-lived phase of transition. Summer begins by April and summer temperatures can peak at 47 degrees in May. The rainy season starts by the third week of June(although this is variable year to year). Monsoon rains gradually weaken in September and the season ends by the last week of September. In the rainy season, average daily high temperature hovers around 36 degrees Celsius with high humidity. The average rainfall for this city is about 900 mm per year, observed almost entirely within the three-and-a-half months of the Southwest Monsoon.

Hospitals

Jhansi is a hub for medical care in the Bundelkhand region. It has a Medical College which is being revamped now. The District Hospital has many new facilities to serve patients. There are plenty of private hospitals, especially in the Medical College area.

Government
  • Maharani Laxmi Bai Medical College (Kanpur road),
  • District(Civil) Hospital (City),
  • Bundelkhand Ayurvedic College (Gwalior road),
  • Army Hospital (Cantonment),
  • Railway Hospital (near railway station),
  • Cantonment General Hospital (Sadar bazaar)


Private:
  • Agarwal Maternity & Nursing Home (Sadar bazaar)
  • Anand Hospital & Urology Research Center (opp. medical college, Karguvan road)
  • Sudha Nursing Home(near medical college, Kanpur road))
  • Shiv Nursing Home (mission compound),
  • Lifeline Hospital (Kanpur road),
  • Happy Family Hospital (behind hotel Sita, civil lines),
  • Gupta mediscan centre (sadar bazar )
  • St. Jude Hospital(Germany) (Sipri bazaar),
  • Kapoor Nursing Home (near elite cinema),
  • Arogya Sadan (Awas Vikas colony),
  • Prakash Nursing Home (Awas Vikas colony),
  • Nirmal Hospital (near medical college),
  • Chawla Nursing Home (Sipri bazaar),
  • Vinayak Hospital, behind Yatrik hotel (elite circle)
  • LRM Jain Nursing Home (civil lines),
  • Christian Hospital (Jhokan Bagh)
  • Sanjeevani Hospital (Kanpur road)
  • Raghvendra Nursing Home (Kanpur Road)
  • Shila Jain Nursing Home (Kanpur Road)
  • Nirmal Nursing Home (Kanpur Road)
  • Sudarshan Jain nursing Home (Panchkuiyan Road)
  • Dr. Jiyalal Memorial Eye Hospital (Medical beside Raghvendra hospital) An ISO CERTIFIED HOSPITAL


Dental Clinics:
  • Gubrellay Dental Care Centre, Infront T.B. Hospital, Jeewan Shah Tiraha, Gwalior Road, Jhansi


Research Centres

Jhansi has two important research centres which are doing the research in the fields of Agro Forestry and Grasslands and Fodder. Indian Grasslands and Fodder Research Institute(IGFRI) has a Jhansi unit in Jhansi city near Pahuj Rivermarker dam.National Research Centre for Agro Forestry (NRCAF) was founded in 1988 and is responsible for the research in agro forestry on barren land in the Bundelkhand region. Both work under Indian Council of Agricultural Research.

Educational Institutes

Jhansi has gradually become an educational hub of India. Students from different parts of the country come here for their higher studies. Even foreign students come here for various unique courses available in Jhansi's Educational Institutes.

Government Engineering College
    Bundelkhand Institute of Engineering & Technology BIET Jhansi


Government Colleges
    Bundelkhand University, Medical road
    BBC College, Behind Govind Chauraha
    BKD College, Elite Road, BKD Chauraha
    Government Inter College (GIC), Gwaliyar Road, Jhansi
    Suraj Prasad College, Sadar Bazar
    Girls Inter College(GIC), Mission Compound


Private Schools
    Mahatma Hansraj Modern School,Shivpuri Road, Jhansi
    Sheerwood College, Khati Baba, Jhansi
    The Woods Heritage School, Jhansi
    Rani Laxmibai Public School,Jhansi
    Christ The King College (Only for Boys)
    Saint Marks College
    St. Xaviers College, B.H.E.L Khailar(14 KM from Main City)
    Blue Bells School, Rajgarh
    Saint Francis School (Only for Girls)
    Sun international School,NEAR R.T.O. kanpur Road, Jhansi.
Semi Government Colleges
    Sri Laxmi Vyayam Mandir Inter College, Jhansi


Telephone companiesFour operators in Fixed and Fixed Wireless Line telephony are found here.
  • BSNLmarker (Fixed and Fixed Wireless) Series 231 xxxx, 232 xxxx, 233 xxxx, 235 xxxx, 236 xxxx, 237 xxxx, 244 xxxx, 245 xxxx, 247 xxxx, 248 xxxx.
  • Tata Indicom (on CDMA platform, Wireless) Series 65x xxxx.
  • Reliance Communications (on CDMA platform,Wireless) Series 3xx xxxx.
  • AirTel Series 4xx xxxx.
All the above mentioned companies are Broadband internet service provider too.

These are the operators in Mobile Telephony, in Jhansi city.

Radio Stations

The city has two FM radio stations.
  • All India Radio The state owned Akashvani service has a broadcast frequency of 103.0 MHz. All India Radio has started broadcasting its most popular radio station - AIR FM Rainbow, from Jhansi on 19 November, 2007.
  • Big 92.7 FM Jhansi This is the first 24 hour service in Jhansi. This channel broadcasts at 92.7 MHz.
Two other private radio stations will start soon.

Tourism

Places of interest

  • Jhansi Fort
  • Rani Mahal (Queen's Palace)
  • U.P.marker Govt. Museum
  • Maha Lakshmi Temple
  • Panchkuian Temple - traditional temple, Lakshmi bai used to worship here
  • Ganesh Mandir
  • Siddheshwar Temple (Near GIC inter college) - Built by Pandit Raghunath Vinayak Dhulekar
  • Panchtantra Park (attracting huge crowd)
  • Public Park in the cantonment area is worth visiting
  • "Shaurya Stambha" A unique (first of its kind in the country) monument of 21 Paramveer Chakra Winners of Independent India. A place of interest for patriots.
Situated at Bal Bharti Public School, Isai Tola, Khati Baba, Premnagar, Jhansi.

Excursions

  • Sukma-Dukma Dam: An old, long and very beautiful dam over the Betwa Rivermarker, approximately 45 km from Jhansi, near Babina town. Very scenic in the post-monsoon (winter) season.
  • MataTila Dam: Approximately 55 km South of the Jhansi city, it's a very beautiful picnic spot. The dam is built on the river Betwamarker. There is a botanical garden near the dam site.
  • Deogarh: 123 km from Jhansi, near Lalitpurmarker town. Situated on the Betwa River, it possesses remains of a fine Gupta period Vishnu temple and several old and beautiful Jain temples.
  • Orchhamarker: 18 km from Jhansi on Jhansi-Khajuraho road, a small medieval city. It's famous for Lord Ram temple.
  • Khajurahomarker: 178 km from Jhansi. Deluxe buses ply from Jhansi railway station to Khajuraho during morning hours. Taxis are also available. One can visit Panna National Park which is 32 km from Khajuraho, and there are some waterfalls nearby.
  • Datiamarker: 28 km from Jhansi on Jhansi-Gwalior-Agra-Delhi road. It's famous for the Shri Peetambra Devi temple and for a seven-storied palace built by Raja Bir Singh Ju Deo.
  • Shivpurimarker: 101 km from Jhansi. It was the summer capital of the Scindia rulers of Gwaliormarker. It's famous for its marble chhatris (cenotaphs) built by the Scindias. There is also a big and beautiful lake with crocodiles in the beautiful Madhav National Parkmarker area where one can spot a great variety of wildlife.
  • Unnao/Pahuj: 18 km from Jhansi from Unnao gate. It's famous for temple and Pahuj river.
  • Parichha Dam: 20 km from Jhansi toward kanpur . It's very beautiful place.the dam is built on the river Betwa


Colony

  • Kailash Residency, Mahakali Vidya Peeth Road, Near New Galla Mandi, Jhansi
  • Om Shanti Nagar, Near Kali Mandir, Outside Laxmi Gate, Jhansi
  • Sundar Vihar Colony, station road, near DIG banglow, Jhansi


Hotels

  • Hotel Pujan,Civil Lines
  • Hotel Chanda
  • Hotel Sita


Cinema Halls

  • Bhusan
  • Damru
  • Elite
  • Khilona
  • Krishna
  • Laxmi
  • Nandini
  • Natraj
  • Shyam Palace


Parks & Gardens

  • Rani Laxmi Park
  • Narayan Bagh
  • Kargil Shaheed Park
  • Nehru Park
  • Panchtantra park
  • Indra park
  • Public Park


Eminent people associated with Jhansi

Name Details
Rani Lakshmi Bai The great heroine of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. She lived for only twenty-two years. She became a widow in her eighteenth year. She is regarded by some Indians as the embodiment of patriotism, self-respect and heroism.
Dhyan Chand Major Dhyan Chand(1905-1979) - The great legend of field hockey is also known as the "Hockey Wizard". Once they broke his stick in Holland to check if there was a magnet inside; in Japan they decided it was glue. Dhyan Chand realised India’s Olympic dream singlehandedly when he brought home the first ever gold medal in 1928 Amsterdam Olympics. The second gold was earned in 1932 Los Angeles Olympics and the third in 1936 Berlin Olympics where the wizard of hockey scored seven consecutive goals. In 1932 India scored 338 goals in 37 matches, 133 of them his contribution. His son Ashok Kumar was also a prominent Indian hockey player.
Maithili Sharan Gupt Maithilisharan Gupt (1886-1965) was one of the most famous modern Hindi poets. He was born in Chirgaonmarker in Jhansi. He was designated as the National Poet by the first government of the independent Indiamarker.
Dr. Vrindavan Lal Verma Dr. Vrindavan Lal Verma was a prominent Hindi novelist, famous for his novels 'Jhansi Ki Rani', 'Mrignayani', 'Amarbel' and 'Kachnar'.
Mahakavi Keshav Dass Mahakavi Keshav Dass (1561-1621) was a great Hindi poet.
Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi If railwayman Jim Corbett was a legend in his lifetime, his successor Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi in the Indian Central Railway (then G.I.P. Railway) was no less so. He virtually steered the course of Hindi language and literature to what we have today. During his railway service in Jhansi, Dwivedi earned wide fame as a writer and littérateur. He took the Hindi world by storm when he published his translations and critical works, including Sahitya Sandarbh and Vichar Vimarsh. He wrote extensively on Kalidas and Bharathari, and wrote Puratatwa Prasang and Vigyan Varta. No other contemporary writer in Hindi had so prolific and authoritative a pen as Dwivedi. He was the ‘Dr. Johnson’ of his time. And he rode to fame, toiling hard even after a day-long grill of attending to arrivals and departures of trains.
Chandra Shekhar 'Azad' Chandra Shekhar Azad(1906-1931) became the leader of young revolutionaries in northern India and formed Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. He successfully carried out revolutionary activities/actions to demolish the British Rule in India. He gave leadership to young revolutionaries across northern India and became a major threat to the British Empire in India. He Chose Jhansi as the center of his group's activities.
Pandit Sitaram Bhaskar Bhagwat Pandit Sitaram Bhaskar Bhagwat (1904-1999) was a freedom fighter in India's struggle against the British rule. His ancestors actively took part in the revolution of 1857 and all the male family members were massacred by the British rulers after the failure of that revolution in Kalpimarker where the Bhagwat family had lived. Sitaram Bhagwat's great grand father, Pandit Narayan Rao Bhagwat alias "Tatya" Bhagwat had offered himself to be hanged in place of the great revolutionary Tatya Tope, and he facilitated the escape of Tatya Tope from the Shivpurimarker prison.

Sitaram Bhagwat was sent into prison several times by the British between 1921 and 1947. In 1932's movement, his wife, Savitri Bai also served a term in prison.

Sitaram Bhagwat had a multi-faceted personality. He was a "Vaidya" (physician) by profession. He was instrumental in establishing several educational institutions in and around Jhansi.
Pandit Raghunath Vinayak Dhulekar Born 6 January 1891 in Jhansi, Pandit Dhulekar was the founder of the Jhansi Branch of Indian National Congress. He was elected by people of Jhansi to Lok Sabha in 1952. Pandit Dhulekar was the only one among the first 500 parliamentarians to have signed the Indian consititution. He also became Speaker of the Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Parishad and was one of the prominent leaders of Congress. As a landmark event, he married his eldest son Vasant Raghunath Dhulekar to the daughter of eminent Hindu Mahasabha Leader Pandit D K Bankwar of Harda District.

Pandit Dhulekar presented the bill in Lok Sabha to make Hindi the National Language of India
Subodh Mukherjee Born on 14 April 1921 was a famous Director / Producer / Writer of Hindi Cinema, his hits includes Dev Anand starer Paying Guest, Munimji and Love Marriage (Some part of the movie were shooted at Jhansi with Bipin Bihari Inter college in background), and Junglee. He died on 21 May 2005. He was a brother of Sashadhar Mukherjee, famous Producer in Hindi films during early 40s and co-founder of Filmalaya Studios.
Subodh Khandekar This man Subodh Khandekar has been an Olympian hockey player. He has represented Indiamarker in various international tournaments including Olympic Games. Currently he plays in the Railways team and has retired from international hockey.
Abdul Azeez Abdul Azeez is also a marvelous hockey player. He has played for Indiamarker for a long time and he is a contemporary of Subodh Khandekar. He was a specialist playmaker in the Right flank. His favorite position is Right-Out.
Tushar Khandekar Tushar Khandekar has kept Jhansi's tradition of producing great hockey players alive. He is the latest edition in the list of world famous hockey players from Jhansi. He is a perfect blend of the sub-continent's stylish hockey with the European pace on the field. He started his career playing with the India juniors. He successfully graduated to India seniors. He is a promising players and our hope for the coming Olympics.
Indeevar Indeevar (1924 - February 27, 1999 ) was one of the leading Hindi film lyricists in the 1960s. He grew up in Barua Sagar in Jhansi District, from where he moved to Bombay.

He got his break in Malhaar in 1956, which became a hit due to the song "Bade Armano Se Rakkha Hae Balam Teri Kasam" penned by him, and set to music by the late Roshan. He wrote over a thousand songs in over 300 films in a career spanning over four decades. he got 1975 Filmfare Best Lyricist Award for Amanush film's "Dil Aisa Kisi Ne Mera Toda" sung by Kishore Kumar .


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